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Meet the Doing Business Team

The annual Doing Business reports are researched and written by a team of experts. This year's team is shown in alphabetical order below.

Nadine Abi Chakra

Nadine Abi Chakra joined the Doing Business team in March 2013 and currently works on the Getting Credit – Legal Rights indicator (previously on the Protecting Minority Investors indicator). She holds an LLM in Corporate Law from Cornell Law School and a Bachelor of Laws in French Law and Lebanese Law from Saint Joseph University. Ms. Abi Chakra is a member of the New York Bar Association and a trainee member of the Beirut Bar Association. Before joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Abi Chakra worked as an associate in the corporate and banking department at law firms in the United Arab Emirates and Lebanon. She speaks French and Arabic.

Ahmad F. AlKhuzam

Ahmad F. AlKhuzam joined the Doing Business team in January 2017. He currently works on the Getting Electricity indicator. He holds a Master of International Affairs from the American University concentrating on International Economic Relations. He received a Bachelor of Business Administration majoring in Finance from Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ahmad was a Teaching Assistant for Statistics and Research Methods in International Affairs as a graduate student. Ahmad is originally from Kuwait and speaks Arabic. 

Jean Arlet

Jean Arlet joined the Doing Business team in March 2013. He currently works on the Getting Electricity indicator and previously covered the Trading across Borders topic. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Jean was a business strategy consultant for Indra and advised clients in energy, utilities, and telecommunication. Mr. Arlet also worked for the OECD's private sector development branch and economic advisory firm Garten Rothkopf. Mr. Arlet holds a dual Master's degree in International Affairs (MIA) from Columbia University and the Institut d'études politiques de Paris (Sciences-Po), as well as a Bachelor's degree in Economics from McGill. He speaks French and is conversant in Spanish.

Yuriy Valentinovich Avramov

Yuriy Avramov joined the Doing Business team in April 2015. He currently works on the Registering Property Indicator. He previously covered the Labor Market Regulation indicator. He holds a Juris Doctorate from Seattle University School of Law and a joint degree in Political Science and Criminal Justice from the University of South Dakota. Prior to joining the team he worked as an attorney in a private practice, where he assisted companies with international investigations involving corruption and alleged violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Mr. Avramov also has experience and interests in international human rights. He speaks Russian and is conversant in Spanish.

Erica Bosio

Erica Bosio joined the Doing Business team in January 2013 and currently leads the Enforcing Contracts indicator. In addition, she has been leading the research team on Selling to Government since January 2017. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, she practiced arbitration and litigation at the law firm Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP in Milan. She holds a Master in International Legal Studies from the Georgetown University Law Center and a law degree from the University of Turin (Italy). She speaks Italian and is fluent in French.

Madwa-Nika Phanord-Cadet

Madwa-Nika Phanord-Cadet joined the Doing Business team in April 2017. She works on the Protecting Minority Investors indicator. She holds a Master in Public Policy from Georgetown University’s McCourt School, where she focused on issues of international economic and regulatory policy. She received a Bachelor of Civil Law (LL.B.) and a Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) from the Université de Sherbrooke in Canada, and is a member of the Québec Bar Association. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Phanord-Cadet worked in private law firms in Canada and China, where she primarily worked on commercial transactions, competition law and securities regulation. Madwa-Nika speaks French, Haitian Creole and is conversant in Spanish.

Edgar Chavez

Edgar Chavez joined the Doing Business team in February 2013. He currently works on the Getting Credit - Credit Information indicator and previously worked on the Registering Property indicator. He holds a Master's degree in international relations and international economics from Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies and a Bachelor's degree in international relations from the Tecnologico de Monterrey (Mexico). Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. Chavez worked at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and at the commercial section of the Canadian Embassy in Mexico. He speaks Spanish, French and is conversant in Russian.

Maria Magdalena Chiquier

Maria Magdalena Chiquier joined the Doing Business team in October 2014 and leads the Getting Credit - Legal Rights indicator. Prior to joining the team, she worked in International Finance Corporation (IFC) Legal Department. Before joining IFC, she also practiced law at Clifford Chance law firm. Ms. Chiquier was seconded from IFC to work as a Corporate Governance Officer in the European Stability Mechanism in Luxembourg. Ms. Chiquier holds Juris Doctor law degree in banking and finance law from Warsaw University and a Master's degree (LL.M) in International Law and Secured Transactions from Georgetown University. Ms. Chiquier is admitted to the New York Bar and is a member of New York Bar Association. She speaks Polish and French. 

Albert Nogués i Comas

Albert Nogués i Comas joined the Doing Business team in April 2016. He works on the Registering Property indicator. Albert holds an LLM in International and European Law from the University of Amsterdam, and a double degree in Law and Economics from the University Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona. Prior to joining the Doing Business team, Albert practiced law for five years as an administrative lawyer in Barcelona, including three years in Garrigues law firm covering areas such as Urban Planning, Public Procurement and Competition law. He also spent four months at the European Union Delegation to the United States in Washington DC, focusing on international trade relations. Albert speaks Catalan, Spanish and French.

Cyriane Coste

Cyriane joined the Doing Business team in February 2017. She works on the Starting a Business indicator. She holds a Master of Law (LL.M) in International Business and Economics Law from Georgetown University Law Center. She is an attorney admitted in New York State. Prior to join Doing Business, Cyriane has worked on the Access to Markets topic of the Enabling the Business of Agriculture project of the World Bank Group. She previously worked in an international law firm in Washington, DC and practiced corporate law in Paris. She speaks French and Spanish.

Santiago Croci

Santiago Croci joined the Doing Business team in March 2008. He has been the Acting Manager of Doing Business Unit since March 2017. Previously he oversaw the Stakeholders Engagement component of Doing Business. Prior to that, he led the Getting Credit - Legal Rights indicator of the Doing Business report. Before joining the team, Mr. Croci worked on an insolvency and creditor rights initiative at the Legal Vice-Presidency of the World Bank Group. He also worked on development issues at the Competitiveness Capacity Building Initiative of the Organization of American States. Mr. Croci holds a law degree in corporate law from Montpellier I University (Montpellier, France) and a master's degree in international law from Paul Cézanne University (Aix-en-Provence, France). He speaks French and Spanish.

Marie Delion

Marie Delion joined the Doing Business team in 2003. She currently leads the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. She previously worked on the Registering Property indicator. Her experience in the Bank includes 6 years working at the World Bank Group Institute. She studied international commerce and has a CGE "O" Level from Cambridge, a bachelor's degree in computer science from University of Maryland University College and an MBA. Prior to joining the World Bank Group in 1999, Ms. Delion worked for Siemens in Cameroon and KPMG in New Caledonia. She speaks French.

Laura Diniz

Laura Diniz joined the Doing Business team in January 2013. She has been the acting topic team leader of the Starting a Business Indicator since March 2016. During her first few years with the team, she worked on the Registering Property indicator. She holds a Master’s degree in Applied Economics from the University of Michigan and a Bachelor’s degree in Economics and Finance from Insper-São Paulo (Brazil). Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Diniz worked as a research analyst at Funcesp, a pension fund and as a risk analyst in IronHouse fund, a private wealth management fund in São Paulo. She speaks Portuguese and is fluent in Spanish.

Imane Fahli

Imane Fahli joined the Doing Business team in June 2017. She works on the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. She received a Master's degree in Public Policy and Management from Carnegie Mellon University as a Fulbright Scholar and a Master’s degree in Business and Finance from Neoma Business School in France. She received her Bachelor's degree in Business and Management from ISCAE in Morocco. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Imane worked at the Boston Consulting Group, where she primarily focused on conducting quantitative and qualitative research with a focus on globalization and emerging markets. She speaks Arabic and French and is conversant in Spanish.

Cécile Ferro

Cécile Ferro joined the Doing Business team in January 2016. She works on the Trading across Borders indicator. She holds a Master's Degree in Finance and Strategy from Sciences Po in Paris and an Msc in Development Studies from the London School of Economics (UK). Prior to joining the team Cécile worked in the Subnational Doing Business team since July 2013 on projects in Nigeria and Poland in the areas of Starting a Business and Registering Property. Prior to the World Bank, she worked as a business consultant specialized in risk management in EY Advisory in Paris. She has also worked on structured finance and microfinance projects for the European Investment Fund (EIB Group) in Luxembourg as well as in microfinance and project investment for Proparco (Agence Française de Développement). She speaks French, Polish and is conversant in Spanish.

María Antonia Quesada Gámez

María Antonia Quesada Gámez joined the Doing Business team in March 2014. She has been the acting topic team leader of the Resolving Insolvency indicator since May 2017. During her first years with the team she worked on the Resolving Insolvency  indicator, and occasionally covered the Enforcing Contracts indicator as well. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Quesada Gámez worked as a policy advisor at the European Parliament and at the Permanent Representation of Spain to the European Union. She holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in International Legal Studies from Georgetown University Law Center where she was a Fulbright scholar, a M.A. in EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies from the College of Europe (Belgium), and a dual Law degree from Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (France) and Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain). She speaks Spanish and French and is conversant in Portuguese.

Dorina Georgieva

Dorina Georgieva joined the Doing Business team in January 2013. She currently works on the Trading across Borders indicator and previously covered the Labor Market Regulation topic. She holds a Master's degree in international relations and economics from Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. She obtained her Bachelor's degree in international studies from Ramapo College of New Jersey. She has attended programs on international development in cooperation in India, China and Russia; as well on entrepreneurship and business at Babson College and UC Berkeley Haas School of Business in the US. Before joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Georgieva worked for the United Nations Development Program in Istanbul, the Institute of International Studies in New York, and the Consulate General of the Republic of Bulgaria in Shanghai. She speaks Bulgarian, Russian and French and is conversant in Chinese and Turkish.

Adrian Gonzalez

Adrian joined Doing Business in February 2012 as Senior Private Sector Development Specialist. Previously, Adrian was a Lead Researcher at The Microfinance Information Exchange (MIX). His research focused on topics such as risk and portfolio quality, efficiency, depth of outreach, sustainability interest rates, social performance, and governability. Prior to joining MIX, he was a Researcher at The Rural Finance Program from The Ohio State University (OSU), where he worked on microfinance, poverty reduction, and development issues in Latin America. Adrian received his Ph.D. in finance and development from the Development Economics Program at The Ohio State University, as well as an M.A. in Economics. He speaks Spanish.

Maksym Iavorskyi

Maksym Iavorskyi joined the Doing Business team in May 2015. He currently works on the Enforcing Contracts Indicator and previously covered the Resolving Insolvency Indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Maksym worked as a lawyer in leading law firms in Ukraine and in the United States. He holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree in International Dispute Settlement from Geneva Law School and Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Maksym speaks Russian and Ukrainian.

Nan Jiang

Charlotte Nan Jiang joined the Doing Business team in December 2008. She currently leads the Getting Credit - Credit Information indicator and previously covered the Paying Taxes indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, she worked in Société Générale Corporate and Investment Banking, London, and ABB Group, Singapore. She holds a Master's degree in Management Science and Engineering from Stanford University where she specialized in Finance. Ms. Jiang speaks Chinese.

Hervé Kaddoura

Hervé Kaddoura joined the Doing Business team in July 2010 and leads the Protecting Investors indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, he worked for the Legal Department of the International Monetary Fund. Mr. Kaddoura holds a Master's degree in International and European Law and a Master of Laws degree in Securities and Financial Regulation from Georgetown University Law Center. He speaks French, Spanish and Arabic.

Klaus Koch-Saldarriaga

Klaus Koch-Saldarriaga joined the Doing Business team in April 2014.  He has been overseeing since March 2017 interactions with governments as part of the Stakeholders engagement component of Doing Business. Mr. Koch-Saldarriaga currently leads the Labor Market Regulation indicator and previously worked on Resolving Insolvency indicator. He holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree from UC Berkeley and attended the Harvard University program on negotiation. He is a graduate of the School of Law of Universidad Javeriana in Colombia where he also earned a postgraduate degree in administrative law. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, He was a Diplomat (Counselor) at the Embassy of Colombia to the United States, where he played a key role in the successful advocacy strategy for the approval of the U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement, overseeing the working relationship with U.S. Congress. He also worked as a legal advisor to the Business Association of Colombia (ANDI), and the law firms Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek in Germany and DG&A-Abogados in Colombia. He speaks Spanish and is conversant in German.

Magdalini Konidari

Magdalini Konidari joined the Doing Business team in January 2013 and works on the Getting Credit - Legal Rights indicator. She holds a law degree from the University of Athens, Greece. She has also studied European Business Law (LL.M) and Comparative Law (Master 1) at Paul Cézanne University, as well as European Law and Public Policy at Panteion University and Sciences Po (M.A.). Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Konidari interned with the Delegation of the EU to the USA in Washington, DC and worked as a partner and a lawyer in the private sector. She speaks Greek and French. She is currently based at the World Bank office in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Khrystyna Kushnir

Khrystyna Kushnir joined the Doing Business team in November 2013 and currently works on the Labor Market Regulation indicator, after working on the Getting Credit - Credit Information indicator and the Trading across Borders indicator. Prior, she worked on the Women, Business and the Law project, which measures legal gender gap in 143 economies. Before that, Ms. Kushnir collected and analyzed data on micro, small and medium enterprises country indicators covering 132 economies. Before joining the World Bank Group, she worked as a Research Assistant for Central and Eastern Europe at the Heritage Foundation, where she updated the 2010 Index of Economic Freedom. Ms. Kushnir also worked, as a Research Analyst, for the Japanese consultancy Washington CORE on Russian and Asian markets. Ms. Kushnir holds MA in International Economic Relations from the American University and is a Fulbright scholar.

Nicole Anouk Leger

Anouk Leger joined the Doing Business team in April 2017. She works on the Selling to the Government research. She received her J.D. from The Washington College of Law – American University and is admitted to practice in the District of Columbia. She received her Bachelor's degree in Finance and International Business from the University of Virginia. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Leger worked as the program director of Roots of Development, where she led the design and implementation of the NGO’s programmatic portfolio focused on community-driven development. She also spent 4 years working in the project procurement division of the Inter-American Development Bank. She speaks French, Spanish and Haitian Creole. 

Tiziana Londero

Tiziana Londero joined the Doing Business team in April 2017. She works on the Protecting Minority Investors indicator. She holds a Master’s degree (LL.M.) in Business and Finance Law from the George Washington University Law School and a law degree with a major in Company Law, Financial Markets, and Competition from the Luigi Bocconi University in Milan (Italy). Ms. Londero is admitted to the New York State Bar and is a member of the New York Bar Association. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Londero worked in the regulatory department of a large trade association in Washington D.C. focusing on financial services regulatory issues.  She speaks Italian and Hungarian. 

Raman Maroz

Raman Maroz joined the Doing Business team in April 2017 and currently works on the Resolving Insolvency indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. Maroz worked for the Constitutional Court of Belarus, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, as well as practiced international litigation in Moscow, Russian Federation. He holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) from the University of Notre Dame Law School where he was a Fulbright scholar, a Law degree from the Belarusian State University (Belarus), and a University degree in Political Science and European Studies from Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV (France). He speaks Russian and Belarusian and is conversant in French.

Brendan Meighan

Brendan Meighan joined the Doing Business team in May 2016.  He works on the Registering Property indicator.  He received his Master’s degree in International Relations and International Economics from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, with a concentration in Middle East Studies and an economics specialization in quantitative methods. Brendan received his Bachelor’s degree from Lafayette College, where he majored in International Affairs, with minors in economics and math.  Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Brendan worked as an economic researcher for the American Chamber of Commerce in Egypt. He speaks Arabic.

Margherita Mellone

Margherita joined the Doing Business team in March 2017 and she currently works as a consultant for the Paying Taxes indicator. She worked 3 years in Malaysia for Lazada Group, the leading e-commerce company in South East Asia, where she was working in the Cross Border team and prior to that in the Marketing team. Ms. Mellone has a master’s degree in Management from Bocconi University (Italy). She studied one year in Spain at the Facultad de Ciencias Economicas y Empresariales in Granada; also, she spent one year in India studying at Indian School of Business in Hyderabad and working for a consulting firm in New Delhi. She speaks Italian and Spanish.

Pelayo Gonzalez-Escalada Mena

Pelayo Gonzalez-Escalada Mena joined the Doing Business team in July 2017. He works on the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. He received his Master's degree in International Relations and Economics from the Johns Hopkins University-School of Advanced of International Studies, where he focused on European and security studies. He received his Bachelor's degree in International Relations and Translation from Universidad Pontificia de Comillas in Madrid, Spain. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Pelayo underwent training at several research and private institutions, focusing on public affairs and communication. He speaks Spanish and Portuguese, and is conversant in French.

Frederic Meunier

Frederic Meunier joined the Doing Business team in December 2009. He currently leads the Starting a Business indicator and was previously in charge of the Registering Property indicator. He also leads the Entrepreneurship database project–which measures trends in entrepreneurship around the world. He obtained a degree in economics from Sciences Po and studied at Georgetown University. He holds a Master's degree in economics from the College of Europe (Belgium) and a Master's degree in international business from ESSEC business school (France). Prior to joining the team, Mr. Meunier worked at Société Générale Corporate & Investment Banking, where he focused on project finance and public private partnerships. He speaks French and is conversant in German and Spanish.

Inés Zabalbeita Múgica

Inés Zabalbeita Múgica joined the Doing Business team in March 2014 to work on the Trading across Borders indicator. She has been the acting topic team leader of the Trading Across Borders indicator since November 2016. Prior to joining the team, she worked in private sector development at the Investment Climate Advisory Services Department of the World Bank Group and at the Economic Office of the Spanish Embassy in the United States. Ms. Zabalbeita Múgica holds an MBA from the International University Menéndez Pelayo and a Licentiate Degree in Business Management from the University of the Basque Country and the Catholic University of Leuven. She speaks Spanish

Joanna Nasr

Joanna Nasr, a private sector development specialist, joined the Doing Business team in October 2007 to work on the resolving insolvency indicator. She currently leads the Paying Taxes indicator and prior to that she was leading the research team for the getting credit (credit information) indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Nasr worked for 2 years in political economics research specific to the Middle East and North Africa region at the American University of Beirut. Nasr is the author of numerous published articles on financial and research economics. Ms. Nasr holds a Bachelor's degree in economics and finance and a Master degree in financial economics, both from the American University of Beirut. Ms. Nasr holds also an advanced postgraduate degree in government (comparative politics) from the London School of Economics and Political Science, where she was a Chevening scholar. She speaks French and Arabic.

Nadia Novik

Nadia Novik joined the Doing Business team in March 2013. She currently works on the Starting a Business indicator. Ms. Novik previously covered the Paying Taxes Indicator for four report cycles. Prior to working on International Development at the World Bank, Ms. Novik worked in the private sector in Ukraine at PwC as a Tax Consultant specialized in international taxation and structuring. Ms. Novik also interned at the Department of International Relations of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Ukraine. Ms. Novik holds a Master's Degree in International Business Management and a Bachelor's degree in International Economics from the Kyiv National Economic University. More recently, she completed a series of statistics and computer programming classes at the Harvard Extension School. Ms. Novik is fluent in Russian, Ukrainian, Italian and is conversant in German and Spanish.

Marie-Jeanne Ndiaye

Marie-Jeanne Ndiaye joined the Doing Business team in May 2011 as a Program Assistant. She is currently the Sr. Program Assistant overseeing the administrative workprogram of the Doing Business unit. Prior to joining Doing Business, she spent four years in the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) as a Program Assistant working with the team evaluating World Bank Group human development projects. Marie-Jeanne's previous professional experiences include eight years in Operations in the Africa Region, most of which as Trust Fund Coordinator and Portfolio Monitoring Coordinator. She speaks French and is conversant in Spanish.

Parvina Rakhimova

Parvina Rakhimova joined the Doing Business team in January 2013. She currently works on the Paying Taxes Indicator. During her first years with the team she covered the Registering Property indicator. She obtained a BA in industrial economics from the Tajik Technical University (Tajikistan). She holds a Master of Science degree in International Strategy and Economics from the St. Andrews University (Scotland) and a Master's degree in International Development Policy from the Duke University (US). Prior to joining the team, she worked at the International Finance Corporation country office in Tajikistan, where she focused on SME development. She speaks Russian.

Rita Ramalho

Rita Ramalho is currently the Acting Director for the Global Indicator Group which houses the Doing Business and Subnational Doing Business projects. Previously Rita Ramalho was the Manager of the World Bank-IFC Doing Business Report which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms in 190 economies and selected cities at the subnational level. Prior to that she was the program manager of World Bank-IFC Enterprise Surveys and Women, Business and the Law project. Enterprise Surveys provide the world's most comprehensive company-level data for emerging markets and developing economies. Enterprise Surveys data are available on more than 120,000 firms in over 125 countries. The data are used to create indicators that benchmark the quality of the business and investment climate across countries from the perspective of both female and male entrepreneurs. Women, Business and the Law presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees, drawing in part on laws contained in the Gender Law Library. The data can inform research and policy discussions on how to improve women's economic opportunities and outcomes. Rita Ramalho holds a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research focuses on the impact of regulation on economic variables such as growth, where she found that better business regulations can lead to more growth; the impact of regulations on female labor force participation, tax policy and entrepreneurship, labor regulations, and the size of the informal sector. She speaks Portuguese and is conversant in Spanish.

Silvia Carolina Lopez Rocha

Silvia Carolina Lopez Rocha joined the Doing Business team in January 2017. She currently works on the Getting Electricity indicator.  Ms. Lopez Rocha is an attorney specialized in International Law and is qualified to practice in Mexico. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, she was the Chief Legal Officer at the Mexican-Chinese Chamber of Commerce in Mexico City, where she led the negotiations between the Mexican Government and transnational enterprises to foster trade and investment between China and Mexico. She developed Private Partnership Programs (PPP) for infrastructure and energy projects. She specialized in economic and legal negotiations between Asia and Latin America and has represented Mexican companies that expanded their operations into mainland China. She previously worked for the United Nations Office in Mexico, where she developed human rights programs to protect immigrants’ fundamental rights. She received her LLM in International Legal Studies from NYU. She speaks Spanish. 

Julie Ryan

Julie Ryan joined the Doing Business team in July 2015. She currently works on the Getting Credit – Credit Information indicator and previously worked on the Starting a Business indicator. She formerly worked as an engineering aide in San Diego, California and McLean, Virginia in the sustainable energy sector. She has a master's degree in public policy from Georgetown University, where she worked as a research assistant studying health care outcomes in the United States. Her research topics of interest include access to finance and public debt. She speaks Spanish and Portuguese.

Valentina Saltane

Valentina Saltane joined the Doing Business team in 2011. Since becoming a Sr. Private Sector Development Specialist in November 2016, she has been a member of the team in charge of reviewing Doing Business data. Ms. Saltane has led the Resolving Insolvency, the Starting a Business and the Trading across Borders indicators. Ms.  Saltane has also co-authored three Access to Finance reports, two reports on Sweden’s Business Climate, Global Survey on Consumer Protection and Financial Literacy publication as well as two working papers. Before joining the World Bank Group in 2007, Ms. Saltane held the position of research analyst at the Law and Economic Consulting Group (LECG). She has also worked for the World Resources Institute as a program coordinator. Ms. Saltane holds a master of public administration from the Cornell Institute for Public Affairs (CIPA), Cornell University. She is fluent in Russian, Latvian, Spanish and is proficient in French.

Nuno Mendes dos Santos

Nuno Mendes dos Santos joined the Doing Business team in February 2017. He works on the Trading across Borders indicator. He received his Master’s degree in Global Political Economy from the University of Kassel, Germany, focusing on the political economy of financial regulation in European sports, and is currently working on his PhD on the same subject. He received his Licentiate Degree (with honors) in Political Science and International Relations from the New University of Lisbon, Portugal. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Nuno has most recently worked in the private sector, serving as the International Coordinator and the Marketing and Sales Executive at two global firms, where he was responsible for emerging markets. Nuno has lived in Argentina, Brazil, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Thailand, Turkey and the United States and speaks Portuguese, Spanish, French and Italian, and is conversant in Catalan and Turkish.

Christian De la Medina Soto

Christian De la Medina Soto joined the Doing Business team in June 2014. Mr. De la Medina Soto currently works on Protecting Minority Investors indicator. He previously worked on the Enforcing Contracts Indicator. He holds a Master's degree in International Legal Studies with a specialization in international arbitration from American University, Washington College of Law (LL.M.); a Masters in Political Science from El Colegio de Abogados de Madrid, Spain and a Bachelor's degree in Law from Anahuac University in Mexico. Mr. De la Medina Soto has also worked on the Foreign Direct Investment Regulations and Benchmarking Public Procurement units of the Global Indicators Group. Prior to that he worked as a foreign legal consultant at the Legal Department of the Inter-American Development Bank and clerked for the Mexican Federal Court for over six years. Christian speaks Spanish and has a working knowledge of French, Italian and Portuguese.

Jayashree Srinivasan

Jayashree Srinivasan joined the Doing Business team in February 2008 to help design the Getting Electricity indicator. She currently works on the Dealing with Construction Permits after covering the Getting Electricity Indicator for 8 years. Prior to joining Doing Business, Ms. Srinivasan worked in the South Asia Region of the World Bank Group in the Sustainable Development Unit, where she was a part of the Urban and Water team. Before moving to Washington DC in 2002, Ms. Srinivasan worked in the New Delhi office of the World Bank Group with the Rural Development Team. She holds a master's degree in community resource management and extension from Delhi University. She speaks Hindi and Tamil.

Mihaela Stangu

Mihaela Stangu joined the Doing Business team in July 2015 as a Program Assistant. She provides assistance to the team and is the transaction specialist for the unit handling consultant contracts and payments. Prior to joining Doing Business she was in Development Economics where she has worked on 5 World Development Reports. Prior to that she worked in the Office of the Publisher. She speaks Romanian, English and is conversant in Serbian and Croatian.

Erick Tjong

Erick Tjong joined the Doing Business team in February 2015. He currently works on the Starting a Business Indicator. He previously covered the Getting Electricity indicator. Mr. Tjong obtained a degree in international relations from the University of São Paulo. He also holds a Master's degree in European and Asian relations from Sciences Po, Paris, and Fudan University, Shanghai. Prior to joining the team, he worked at the Paris City Hall’s international relations bureau. He previously worked at PwC in São Paulo, where he provided consulting services for Chinese investments in Brazil. He speaks Portuguese, French, Spanish, and Chinese.

Hulya Ulku

Hulya Ulku is a Senior Economist in Doing Business, Development Economics Vice Presidency. Prior to joining the Doing Business team in 2013, she worked as a Lecturer in Development Economics at the University of Manchester for nine years, where she directed the Development Economics and Policy Master's Program and taught International Trade and Macroeconomics courses to graduate students. Ms. Ulku has published extensively on innovation and economic growth and on the developmental potentials of remittances. Her recent research focuses on innovation, labor market regulations, and integration policies and outcomes for international migrants. Ms. Ulku holds a Bachelor's Degree in Public Finance from Gazi University, Master's Degrees in Economics and International Economics from Northeastern and Brandeis Universities, and a Ph. D. Degree in Economics from Brandeis University.

Camille Vaillon

Camille Vaillon joined the Doing Business team in April 2016. He currently works on the Enforcing Contracts Indicator. He previously covered the Resolving Insolvency Indicator. Mr. Vaillon holds a Master of Law (LL.M) from Georgetown University Law Center. He also received his legal education and a Master's degree in international relations and international law from the University Paris X in France. Prior to joining Doing Business, Camille worked for a non-governmental organization on human rights and for the World Bank's Legal Vice Presidency and the Sanctions Board Secretariat on anti-corruption. He speaks French and is conversant in German.

Maria Velez

Maria Adelaida Velez joined the Doing Business team in February 2017. She works with the Enforcing Contracts indicator. She received her Master’s degree in International Relations and International Economics from The School of Advanced International Studies -SAIS- at Johns Hopkins University, where she focused on Latin American Studies and development. She received her law degree from Eafit University in Colombia. Prior to working at the World Bank Group, Maria Adelaida worked as an adjunct Law professor at Eafit University, and also contributed to public policy design for citizen security at the local government of the city of Medellin. She is a native Spanish speaker and is conversant in French.

Yelizaveta Yanovich

Yelizaveta Yanovich joined the Doing Business team in March 2016. She works on the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. She received her Master's degree in International Relations from Webster University, focusing on issues of labor migration and development. She received her Bachelor's degree in Economics and French Studies from the University of Maryland, College Park. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Yelizaveta worked at the Foreign Service Institute of the State Department, where she primarily taught Russian language and thematic seminars on international relations issues in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. She speaks Russian and is fluent in French.

Marilyne Youbi

Marilyne Youbi joined the Doing Business team in February 2014. She currently works on the Trading Across Borders Indicator and previously worked on the Labor Market Regulation indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Youbi worked as a research assistant for the Center for Urban Progress and Howard University. Most recently, she interned for the Office of International Affairs at the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Marilyne holds a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of Maryland, College Park and a Master’s degree in Economics from Cleveland State University. She is currently a PhD candidate in International and Development Economics at Howard University. She speaks French.

Philip Zager

Philip Zager joined the Doing Business team in March 2017. He works on the Selling to the Government research. He received his Juris Doctor from the Georgetown University Law Center. He received his Master’s degree from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. He received his Bachelor’s degree in Economics and International Relations from the University of Southern California. Mr. Zager is a member of the New York Bar Association. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. Zager worked with the law firm of Crowell & Moring’s affiliated office in Cairo, Egypt. He speaks Arabic and is conversant in French.

Yasmin Zand

Yasmin Zand joined the Doing Business team in 2009 and works as the contributor manager. She covered Credit Info during a two-year period. She previously worked on media, marketing and communications for the report. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Yasmin was the Deputy Field Director at The Mellman Group, a research-based strategy firm in Washington DC. She also worked on the 2004 United States presidential political campaign. She holds bachelor's degrees in Business Administration and Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley, and an M.B.A. from INSEAD. She speaks Farsi and is conversant in French.

Muqiao Zhang

Muqiao Zhang joined the Doing Business team in February 2017. She currently works on the Paying Taxes indicator. She holds a Master of Finance degree from University of Maryland, and received her Bachelor of Business Administration majoring in Finance from Jilin University in China. Prior to joining the Doing Business team, Ms. Zhang worked with Bank of America, Merrill Lynch, DC office, Wealth Management team. She also has a consulting experience with Climate Finance, engaging in financial compliance investigations, and climate and financial risk analysis. She speaks Chinese.