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Meet the Doing Business Team

The annual Doing Business reports are researched and written by a team of experts. This year's team is shown in alphabetical order below.

Nadine Abi Chakra

Nadine Abi Chakra joined the Doing Business team in March 2013. She is currently the acting Topic Team Leader for the Getting Credit – Legal Rights indicator. She previously covered the Protecting Minority Investors indicator. She holds an LLM in Corporate Law from Cornell Law School and a Bachelor of Laws in French Law and Lebanese Law from Saint Joseph University. Ms. Abi Chakra is a member of the New York Bar Association and a trainee member of the Beirut Bar Association. Before joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Abi Chakra worked as an associate in the corporate and banking department at law firms in the United Arab Emirates and Lebanon. She speaks French and Arabic.

Ahmad F. AlKhuzam

Ahmad F. AlKhuzam joined the Doing Business team in January 2017. He currently works on the Getting Electricity indicator. He holds a Master of International Affairs from the American University concentrating on International Economic Relations. He received a Bachelor of Business Administration majoring in Finance from Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ahmad was a Teaching Assistant for Statistics and Research Methods in International Affairs as a graduate student. Ahmad is originally from Kuwait and speaks Arabic. 

Jean Arlet

Jean Arlet joined the Doing Business team in March 2013. He is currently the acting Topic Team Leader for the Getting Electricity indicator and previously covered the Trading across Borders topic. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Jean was a business strategy consultant for Indra and advised clients in energy, utilities, and telecommunication. Mr. Arlet also worked for the OECD's private sector development branch and the economic advisory firm FP Analytics (previously Garten Rothkopf). Mr. Arlet holds a dual Master's degree in International Affairs (MIA) from Columbia University and the Institut d'études politiques de Paris (Sciences-Po), as well as a Bachelor's degree in Economics from McGill. He speaks French and is conversant in Spanish.

Yuriy Valentinovich Avramov

Yuriy Avramov joined the Doing Business team in April 2015. He currently works on the Registering Property Indicator. He previously covered the Labor Market Regulation indicator. He holds a Juris Doctorate from Seattle University School of Law and a joint degree in Political Science and Criminal Justice from the University of South Dakota. Prior to joining the team he worked as an attorney in a private practice, where he assisted companies with international investigations involving corruption and alleged violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Mr. Avramov also has experience and interests in international human rights. He speaks Russian and is conversant in Spanish.

Elodie Bataille

Elodie Bataille joined the Doing Business team in March 2018. She works Credit information indicator. She holds a Master’s in Business Economics from the INSEEC in France, and a Master in Public Policy from Sciences Po Grenoble, where she focused on issues of international economic and political sciences. She received a Bachelor of Law and Administration from the Université de Savoie in France. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Bataille worked in various international organizations like the Organization of States and most recently in the Inter-American Development Bank where she primarily worked on social security, labor and taxes issues. Ms. Bataille speaks French, Spanish and Portuguese.

Erica Bosio

Erica Bosio joined the Doing Business team in January 2013. She currently leads the design of the Contracting with the Government indicator. Before that, Erica led the Enforcing Contracts indicator for 4 years. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, she practiced arbitration and litigation at the law firm Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP in Milan. She holds a Master in International Legal Studies from the Georgetown University Law Center and a law degree from the University of Turin (Italy). She speaks Italian and is fluent in French.

Madwa-Nika Phanord-Cadet

Madwa-Nika Phanord-Cadet joined the Doing Business team in April 2017. She works on the Protecting Minority Investors indicator. She holds a Master in Public Policy from Georgetown University’s McCourt School, where she focused on issues of international economic and regulatory policy. She received a Bachelor of Civil Law (LL.B.) and a Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) from the Université de Sherbrooke in Canada, and is a member of the Québec Bar Association. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Phanord-Cadet worked in private law firms in Canada and China, where she primarily worked on commercial transactions, competition law and securities regulation. Madwa-Nika speaks French, Haitian Creole and is conversant in Spanish.

Edgar Chavez

Edgar Chavez joined the Doing Business team in February 2013. He is currently the acting Topic Team Leader of the Getting Credit - Credit Information indicator. He previously covered the Registering Property indicator. He holds a Master's degree in international relations and international economics from Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies and a Bachelor's degree in international relations from the Tecnologico de Monterrey (Mexico). Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. Chavez worked at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and at the commercial section of the Canadian Embassy in Mexico. He speaks Spanish, French and is conversant in Russian.

Maria Magdalena Chiquier

Maria Magdalena Chiquier joined the Doing Business team in October 2014. Maika currently works on the Getting Credit – Legal Rights indicator. Prior to joining the team, she worked in International Finance Corporation (IFC) Legal Department. Before joining IFC, she also practiced law at Clifford Chance law firm. Ms. Chiquier was seconded from IFC to work as a Corporate Governance Officer in the European Stability Mechanism in Luxembourg. Ms. Chiquier holds Juris Doctor law degree in banking and finance law from Warsaw University and a Master's degree (LL.M) in International Law and Secured Transactions from Georgetown University. Ms. Chiquier is admitted to the New York Bar and is a member of New York Bar Association. She speaks Polish and French. 

Albert Nogués i Comas

Albert Nogués i Comas joined the Doing Business team in April 2016. He works on the Registering Property indicator. Albert holds an LLM in International and European Law from the University of Amsterdam, and a double degree in Law and Economics from the University Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona. Prior to joining the Doing Business team, Albert practiced law for five years as an administrative lawyer in Barcelona, including three years in Garrigues law firm covering areas such as Urban Planning, Public Procurement and Competition law. He also spent four months at the European Union Delegation to the United States in Washington DC, focusing on international trade relations. Albert speaks Catalan, Spanish and French.

Cyriane Coste

Cyriane joined the Doing Business team in February 2017. She works on the Starting a Business indicator. She holds a Master of Law (LL.M) in International Business and Economics Law from Georgetown University Law Center. She is an attorney admitted in New York State. Prior to join Doing Business, Cyriane has worked on the Access to Markets topic of the Enabling the Business of Agriculture project of the World Bank Group. She previously worked in an international law firm in Washington, DC and practiced corporate law in Paris. She speaks French and Spanish.

Santiago Croci

Santiago Croci joined the Doing Business team in March 2008. He has been the Acting Manager of Doing Business Unit since March 2017. Previously he oversaw the Stakeholders Engagement component of Doing Business. Prior to that, he led the Getting Credit - Legal Rights indicator of the Doing Business report. Before joining the team, Mr. Croci worked on an insolvency and creditor rights initiative at the Legal Vice-Presidency of the World Bank Group. He also worked on development issues at the Competitiveness Capacity Building Initiative of the Organization of American States. Mr. Croci holds a law degree in corporate law from Montpellier I University (Montpellier, France) and a master's degree in international law from Paul Cézanne University (Aix-en-Provence, France). He speaks French and Spanish.

Nina Dannaoui

Nina Dannaoui joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the Resolving Insolvency indicator. Prior to joining the Doing Business team, Ms. Dannaoui worked for the World Bank’s Finance & Markets Global Practice in the fields of anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT), financial inclusion, and Islamic finance. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Dannaoui worked as a legal consultant at the Embassy of the State of Qatar in Washington, DC. She also worked as a litigator in Lebanon, focusing on trade and commercial law. She holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in International Legal Studies from Georgetown University in Washington, DC, and a law degree from the Holy Spirit University in Lebanon. She is a member of the New York Bar Association and the Lebanese Bar Association. She speaks Arabic and French.

Marie Delion

Marie Delion joined the Doing Business team in 2003. She currently leads the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. She previously worked on the Registering Property indicator. Her experience in the Bank includes 6 years working at the World Bank Group Institute. She studied international commerce and has a CGE "O" Level from Cambridge, a bachelor's degree in computer science from University of Maryland University College and an MBA. Prior to joining the World Bank Group in 1999, Ms. Delion worked for Siemens in Cameroon and KPMG in New Caledonia. She speaks French.

Ina Dodica

Ina Dodica joined the Doing Business team in January 2018. She currently works on the design of the Contracting with the Government indicator. Ms. Dodica holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree from the American University Washington College of Law where she specialized in International Business and International Commercial Arbitration; a Master of Laws in European Union Law from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and a Bachelor’s degree in Law from Moldova State University. She also worked as a Program Assistant at the Center on International Commercial Arbitration at the American University Washington College of Law and as a specialist on enforcement of court’s judgements at a District Court in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova. Ina speaks Russian, Romanian, Spanish and has a working knowledge of Ukrainian.

Varun Eknath

Varun Eknath joined the Doing Business team in March 2018 to work on the Protecting Minority Investors indicator. He previously worked with the Doing Business team covering the same indicator. In between Doing Business assignments, he worked with the Trade and Competitiveness practice of the World Bank Group on projects in investment promotion & facilitation, economic diversification and sector competitiveness in India. Mr. LNU holds a Masters in Law and Economics (MILE) from the World Trade Institute, Bern, Switzerland and the Bachelors of Arts and Law (Honors) from National Law University, Delhi, India. He was awarded the Master Grant by the University of Bern to pursue the MILE program and the prestigious Dr. Angela Merkel-Jawaharlal Nehru Scholarship Grant, 2013. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. LNU worked in New Delhi as a Junior Associate with the Intellectual Property Division at the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), Geneva, Switzerland. He is a member of the Indian Supreme Court Bar Association. He speaks Hindi and is conversant in French. He is currently based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Viktoriya Ereshchenko

Viktoriya Ereshchenko joined the Doing Business team in March 2018 and currently works with the Getting Electricity indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Viktoriya was involved in a research project funded by the World Bank Group on ‘Deep Trade Agreements’, for which she co-authored a research paper on Government Procurement. Recently, she was a Research Assistant with the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. Previously, Ms. Ereshchenko worked for a consulting firm in New Delhi, India, on international development issues; she also worked with international organizations in Geneva in the field of international trade and economics. Ms. Ereshchenko holds a Masters in International Law and Economics from the World Trade Institute in Switzerland, and she also holds a Masters Degree in International trade from Saint Petersburg State University in Russia. She speaks Russian.

María Antonia Quesada Gámez

María Antonia Quesada Gámez joined the Doing Business team in March 2014. She is currently the acting Topic Team Leader of the Enforcing Contracts Indicator. She previously led the Resolving Insolvency indicator team. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Quesada Gámez worked as a policy advisor at the European Parliament and at the Permanent Representation of Spain to the European Union. She holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in International Legal Studies from Georgetown University Law Center where she was a Fulbright scholar, a M.A. in EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies from the College of Europe (Belgium), and a dual Law degree from Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (France) and Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain). She speaks Spanish, French and Portuguese.She is currently based in Santiago, Chile.

Dorina Georgieva

Dorina Georgieva joined the Doing Business team in January 2013. She currently leads the Labor Market Regulation topic and previously covered the Trading across Borders indicator. She holds a Master's degree in international relations and economics from Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. She obtained her Bachelor's degree in international studies from Ramapo College of New Jersey. She has attended programs on international development in cooperation in India, China and Russia; as well on entrepreneurship and business at Babson College and UC Berkeley Haas School of Business in the US. Before joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Georgieva worked for the United Nations Development Program in Istanbul, the Institute of International Studies in New York, and the Consulate General of the Republic of Bulgaria in Shanghai. She speaks Bulgarian, Russian and French and is conversant in Chinese and Turkish.

Adrian Gonzalez

Adrian, Senior Economist, joined Doing Business in February 2012. Previously, Adrian was a Lead Researcher at The Microfinance Information Exchange (MIX). His research focused on topics related to financial access and microfinance, including risk and portfolio quality, efficiency, depth of outreach, sustainability, interest rates, social performance, and governability. Prior to joining MIX, he was a Researcher at The Rural Finance Program of The Ohio State University (OSU), where he worked on financial access, poverty reduction, and development issues in Latin America. Adrian received his Ph.D. in finance and development from the Development Economics Program at The Ohio State University, as well as a Master of Arts in Economics. He speaks Spanish. Adrian has been leading the Regional Research and Development Center at the World Bank office in Santiago, Chile since July 2017.

Fatima Hewaidi

Fatima Hewaidi joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the Starting a Business indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Hewaidi worked for a strategic advisory in Washington DC, a power project development firm in Dubai, and a green infrastructure investment fund in London. Most recently, she completed a Master of Arts in International Economics from the Johns Hopkins University – School of Advanced International Studies. She also holds a Bachelor of Arts in International Relations from the University of British Columbia. She speaks Arabic and is conversant in French.

Maksym Iavorskyi

Maksym Iavorskyi joined the Doing Business team in May 2015. He currently works on the Enforcing Contracts Indicator and previously covered the Resolving Insolvency Indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Maksym worked as a lawyer in leading law firms in Ukraine and in the United States. He holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree in International Dispute Settlement from Geneva Law School and Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Maksym speaks Russian and Ukrainian. He is currently based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Nan Jiang

Charlotte Nan Jiang is a Sr. Private Sector Development Specialist in Doing Business, Development Economics Vice Presidency. She joined the team in December 2008 and has worked on evaluating corporate tax treatments and financial infrastructures across 190 economies. Ms. Jiang has also led operational missions and dialogues on government reform priorities, and co-authored a series of investment climate reports based on analytical evidence. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Jiang worked in Société Générale Corporate and Investment Banking, London. She holds a Master of Science degree in Management Science and Engineering from Stanford University. Ms. Jiang speaks Chinese.

Hervé Kaddoura

Hervé Kaddoura joined the Doing Business team in July 2010 and leads the Protecting Investors indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, he worked for the Legal Department of the International Monetary Fund. Mr. Kaddoura holds a Master's degree in International and European Law and a Master of Laws degree in Securities and Financial Regulation from Georgetown University Law Center. He speaks French, Spanish and Arabic.

Klaus Koch-Saldarriaga

Klaus Koch-Saldarriaga joined the Doing Business team in April 2014.  He has been overseeing since March 2017 interactions with governments as part of the Stakeholders engagement component of Doing Business. Mr. Koch-Saldarriaga is currently the acting Topic Team Leader of the Resolving Insolvency Indicator and was previously the Topic Leader of the Labor Market Regulation indicator. He holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree from UC Berkeley, attended the Harvard University program on negotiation and is graduate of the School of Law of Universidad Javeriana in Colombia where he also earned a postgraduate degree in administrative law. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, he was a Counselor (diplomat) at the Embassy of Colombia to the United States, where he coordinated the working relationship with U.S. Congress at the time the U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement was approved. He also worked as a legal advisor to the Business Association of Colombia (ANDI), and the law firms Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek in Germany and DG&A-Abogados in Colombia. He speaks Spanish and is conversant in German.

Iryna Lagodna

Iryna Lagodna joined the Doing Business team in February 2018 to work on the Trading across Borders indicator. She holds a Master's degree in European Economic Studies, specialized in European Economic Integration and Business, from College of Europe in Belgium. Ms. Lagodna was an Erasmus Mundus scholar on a Master’s program in International Economic Studies at Université Paris-Est Créteil (France). She also holds a Master’s degree in Marketing and a Bachelor's degree in economics from National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (Ukraine). Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Lagodna worked on the topics of entrepreneurship and early-stage investing at a European trade association based in Brussels, Belgium, and interned at the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe in Geneva, Switzerland, conducting research on energy efficiency policies and projects. She speaks Ukrainian, Russian and French.

Nicole Anouk Leger

Anouk Leger joined the Doing Business team in April 2017. She works on the design of the Contracting with the Government indicatorShe received her J.D. from The Washington College of Law – American University and is admitted to practice in the District of Columbia. She received her Bachelor's degree in Finance and International Business from the University of Virginia. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Leger worked as the program director of Roots of Development, where she led the design and implementation of the NGO’s programmatic portfolio focused on community-driven development. She also spent 4 years working in the project procurement division of the Inter-American Development Bank. She speaks French, Spanish and Haitian Creole. 

Tiziana Londero

Tiziana Londero joined the Doing Business team in April 2017. She works on the Protecting Minority Investors indicator. She holds a Master’s degree (LL.M.) in Business and Finance Law from the George Washington University Law School and a law degree with a major in Company Law, Financial Markets, and Competition from the Luigi Bocconi University in Milan (Italy). Ms. Londero is admitted to the New York State Bar and is a member of the New York Bar Association. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Londero worked in the regulatory department of a large trade association in Washington D.C. focusing on financial services regulatory issues.  She speaks Italian and Hungarian. 

Raman Maroz

Raman Maroz joined the Doing Business team in April 2017 and currently works on the Resolving Insolvency indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. Maroz worked for the Constitutional Court of Belarus, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, as well as practiced international litigation in Moscow, Russian Federation. He holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) from the University of Notre Dame Law School where he was a Fulbright scholar, a Law degree from the Belarusian State University (Belarus), and a University degree in Political Science and European Studies from Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV (France). He speaks Russian and Belarusian and is conversant in French.

Nikiforos Meletiadis

Nikiforos Meletiadis joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the design of the Contracting with the Government indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Nikiforos worked as a Legal Researcher in International Economic Law at the University of Cambridge, and as a Lecturer for the Center of International Business Law at the University of Oxford. Prior to that, he worked as a legal consultant for Ernst and Young, where he developed a number of streamlined processes to handle more effectively issues arising in banking negotiations and project finance in public procurement. He holds a PhD in Public-Private Partnerships and Public Procurement from the Faculty of Law at the University of Cambridge, for which he was awarded the Santander Prize for Research Excellence and Innovation. Nikiforos also conducted research in Privatizations at Harvard University as a Visiting Scholar. His earlier studies were completed at the Universities of Oxford (MSt), Northwestern (LL.M.), Geneva (C.D.T), and the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (LL.B.). He speaks Greek and French.

Margherita Mellone

Margherita joined the Doing Business team in March 2017 and she currently works with the Paying Taxes indicator. She worked 3 years in Malaysia for Lazada Group, the leading e-commerce company in South East Asia, where she was working in the Cross Border team and prior to that in the Marketing team. Ms. Mellone has a master’s degree in Management from Bocconi University (Italy). She studied one year in Spain at the Facultad de Ciencias Economicas y Empresariales in Granada; also, she spent one year in India studying at Indian School of Business in Hyderabad and working for a consulting firm in New Delhi. She speaks Italian and Spanish.

Pelayo Gonzalez-Escalada Mena

Pelayo Gonzalez-Escalada Mena joined the Doing Business team in July 2017. He works on the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. He received his Master's degree in International Relations and Economics from the Johns Hopkins University-School of Advanced of International Studies, where he focused on European and security studies. He received his Bachelor's degree in International Relations and Translation from Universidad Pontificia de Comillas in Madrid, Spain. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Pelayo underwent training at several research and private institutions, focusing on public affairs and communication. He speaks Spanish and Portuguese, and is conversant in French.

Frederic Meunier

Frederic Meunier joined the Doing Business team in December 2009. He currently leads the Starting a Business indicator and was previously in charge of the Registering Property indicator. He also leads the Entrepreneurship database project–which measures trends in entrepreneurship around the world. He obtained a degree in economics from Sciences Po and studied at Georgetown University. He holds a Master's degree in economics from the College of Europe (Belgium) and a Master's degree in international business from ESSEC business school (France). Prior to joining the team, Mr. Meunier worked at Société Générale Corporate & Investment Banking, where he focused on project finance and public private partnerships. He speaks French and is conversant in German and Spanish. He is currently based in the World Bank office in Santiago, Chile.

Inés Zabalbeita Múgica

Inés Zabalbeita Múgica joined the Doing Business team in March 2014 to work on the Trading across Borders indicator. She has been leading the work on the Trading Across Borders indicator since November 2016. Prior to joining the team, she worked in private sector development at the Investment Climate Advisory Services Department of the World Bank Group and at the Economic Office of the Spanish Embassy in the United States. Ms. Zabalbeita Múgica holds an MBA from the International University Menéndez Pelayo and a Licentiate Degree in Business Management from the University of the Basque Country and the Catholic University of Leuven. She is fluent in English and Spanish.

Joanna Nasr

Joanna Nasr, a private sector development specialist, joined the Doing Business team in October 2007 to work on the resolving insolvency indicator. She currently leads the Paying Taxes indicator and prior to that she was leading the research team for the getting credit (credit information) indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Nasr worked for 2 years in political economics research specific to the Middle East and North Africa region at the American University of Beirut. Nasr is the author of numerous published articles on financial and research economics. Ms. Nasr holds a Bachelor's degree in economics and finance and a Master degree in financial economics, both from the American University of Beirut. Ms. Nasr holds also an advanced postgraduate degree in government (comparative politics) from the London School of Economics and Political Science, where she was a Chevening scholar. She speaks French and Arabic.

Nadia Novik

Nadia Novik joined the Doing Business team in March 2013. She currently works on the Starting a Business indicator. Ms. Novik previously covered the Paying Taxes Indicator for four report cycles. Prior to working on International Development at the World Bank, Ms. Novik worked in the private sector in Ukraine at PwC as a Tax Consultant specialized in international taxation and structuring. Ms. Novik also interned at the Department of International Relations of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Ukraine. Ms. Novik holds a Master's Degree in International Business Management and a Bachelor's degree in International Economics from the Kyiv National Economic University. More recently, she completed a series of statistics and computer programming classes at the Harvard Extension School. Ms. Novik is fluent in Russian, Ukrainian, Italian and is conversant in German and Spanish. She is currently based in the World Bank office at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Marie-Jeanne Ndiaye

Marie-Jeanne Ndiaye joined the Doing Business team in May 2011 as a Program Assistant. She is currently the Sr. Program Assistant overseeing the administrative workprogram of the Doing Business unit. Prior to joining Doing Business, she spent four years in the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) as a Program Assistant working with the team evaluating World Bank Group human development projects. Marie-Jeanne's previous professional experiences include eight years in Operations in the Africa Region, most of which as Trust Fund Coordinator and Portfolio Monitoring Coordinator. She speaks French and is conversant in Spanish.

Enrique Orellana

Enrique Orellana joined the Doing Business team in March 2018 and currently works on the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. He previously worked on initiatives focused on environmental regulations and to regulating digital businesses for the World Bank’s Indicator Development team. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Enrique worked at the Interamerican Development Bank (IDB) on private sector development research and data analysis. Enrique received his Master’s degree in International Business and Commerce from Georgetown University, he also holds a Bachelor’s degree in International Relations from the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de Mexico (ITAM). He speaks Spanish and French. He is currently based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Marion Pinto

Marion Pinto joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the Enforcing Contracts indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Pinto worked for the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) and the Organization of American States (OAS). She holds a Master’s degree in International Law from Université Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas, as well as a dual law degree from Université Toulouse I Capitole (France) and Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona (Spain). She speaks French and Spanish and is conversant in Portuguese and Italian.

Parvina Rakhimova

Parvina Rakhimova joined the Doing Business team in January 2013. She currently works on the Paying Taxes Indicator. During her first years with the team she covered the Registering Property indicator. She obtained a BA in industrial economics from the Tajik Technical University (Tajikistan). She holds a Master of Science degree in International Strategy and Economics from the St. Andrews University (Scotland) and a Master's degree in International Development Policy from the Duke University (US). Prior to joining the team, she worked at the International Finance Corporation country office in Tajikistan, where she focused on SME development. She speaks Russian.

Rita Ramalho

Rita Ramalho is the Senior Manager for the Global Indicators Group which houses Doing Business, Subnational Doing Business, Enterprise Surveys, Women Business and the Law, Enabling the Business of Agriculture, as well as other pilot indicator projects. Previously Rita Ramalho was the Manager of the joint World Bank-IFC Doing Business Report which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms in 190 economies and selected cities at the subnational level. Prior to that she was the program manager of World Bank-IFC Enterprise Surveys and Women, Business and the Law project. Enterprise Surveys provide the world's most comprehensive company-level data for emerging markets and developing economies. Enterprise Surveys data are available on more than 131,000 firms in over 139 countries. Rita Ramalho holds a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research focuses on the impact of regulation on economic variables such as growth, where she found that better business regulations can lead to more growth; the impact of regulations on female labor force participation, tax policy and entrepreneurship, labor regulations, and the size of the informal sector. She speaks Portuguese and is conversant in Spanish.

Nathalie Reyes

Nathalie Reyes joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the Registering Property indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Reyes worked with the Partnerships and Resource Mobilization Unit at the Interamerican Development Bank (IDB) and with Universidad Javeriana in Bogota (Colombia). She is an economist and holds a Master Degree in Development Economics from Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne and a professional diploma from the School of Management of Universitat Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona). She speaks Spanish and French.

Silvia Carolina Lopez Rocha

Silvia Carolina Lopez Rocha joined the Doing Business team in January 2017. She currently works on the Getting Electricity indicator.  Ms. Lopez Rocha is an attorney specialized in International Law and is qualified to practice in Mexico. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, she was the Chief Legal Officer at the Mexican-Chinese Chamber of Commerce, where she led the negotiations between the Mexican Government and transnational enterprises to foster trade and investment between China and Mexico. She developed Public Private Partnership (PPP) for infrastructure and energy projects. She specialized in economic and legal negotiations between Asia and Latin America and has represented Mexican companies that expanded their operations into mainland China. She previously worked for the United Nations Office in Mexico, where she developed human rights programs to protect immigrants’ fundamental rights. She received her LLM in International Legal Studies from NYU. She speaks Spanish. 

Lucia Arnal Rodriguez

Lucia Arnal Rodriguez joined the Doing Business team in March 2018. She works on the Labor Market indicator. She holds a Master (LL.M) in International and European Law from Tilburg University, where she focused on issues of competition and trade law. She received a Bachelor of Law (LL.B.) from the Universidad de Valencia in Spain, and is a member of the Bar Association of Valencia (ICAV). Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Arnal worked in private law firms in Spain, where she primarily worked on corporate law and bankruptcy law. Lucia speaks Spanish and French.

Julie Ryan

Julie Ryan joined the Doing Business team in July 2015. She currently works on the Getting Credit – Credit Information indicator and previously worked on the Starting a Business indicator. She formerly worked as an engineering aide in San Diego, California and McLean, Virginia in the sustainable energy sector. She has a master's degree in public policy from Georgetown University, where she worked as a research assistant studying health care outcomes in the United States. Her research topics of interest include access to finance and public debt. She speaks Spanish and Portuguese.

Valentina Saltane

Valentina Saltane joined the Doing Business team in 2011. Since becoming a Sr. Private Sector Development Specialist in November 2016, she has been a member of the team in charge of reviewing Doing Business data. Ms. Saltane has led the Resolving Insolvency, the Starting a Business and the Trading across Borders indicators. Ms.  Saltane has also co-authored three Access to Finance reports, two reports on Sweden’s Business Climate, Global Survey on Consumer Protection and Financial Literacy publication as well as two working papers. Before joining the World Bank Group in 2007, Ms. Saltane held the position of research analyst at the Law and Economic Consulting Group (LECG). She has also worked for the World Resources Institute as a program coordinator. Ms. Saltane holds a master of public administration from the Cornell Institute for Public Affairs (CIPA), Cornell University. She is fluent in Russian, Latvian, Spanish and is proficient in French.

Nuno Mendes dos Santos

Nuno Mendes dos Santos joined the Doing Business team in February 2017. He works on the Trading across Borders indicator. He received his Master’s degree in Global Political Economy from the University of Kassel, Germany, focusing on the political economy of financial regulation in European sports, and is currently working on his PhD on the same subject. He received his Licentiate Degree (with honors) in Political Science and International Relations from the New University of Lisbon, Portugal. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Nuno has most recently worked in the private sector, serving as the International Coordinator and the Marketing and Sales Executive at two global firms, where he was responsible for emerging markets. Nuno has lived in Argentina, Brazil, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Thailand, Turkey and the United States and speaks Portuguese, Spanish, French and Italian, and is conversant in Catalan and Turkish.

Jayashree Srinivasan

Jayashree Srinivasan joined the Doing Business team in February 2008 to help design the Getting Electricity indicator. She currently works on the Dealing with Construction Permits after covering the Getting Electricity Indicator for 8 years. Prior to joining Doing Business, Ms. Srinivasan worked in the South Asia Region of the World Bank Group in the Sustainable Development Unit, where she was a part of the Urban and Water team. Before moving to Washington DC in 2002, Ms. Srinivasan worked in the New Delhi office of the World Bank Group with the Rural Development Team. She holds a master's degree in community resource management and extension from Delhi University. She speaks Hindi and Tamil.

Mihaela Stangu

Mihaela Stangu joined the Doing Business team in July 2015 as a Program Assistant. She provides assistance to the team and is the transaction specialist for the unit handling consultant contracts and payments. Prior to joining Doing Business she was in Development Economics where she has worked on 5 World Development Reports. Prior to that she worked in the Office of the Publisher. She speaks Romanian, English and is conversant in Serbian and Croatian.

Erick Tjong

Erick Tjong joined the Doing Business team in February 2015. He currently works on the Starting a Business Indicator. He previously covered the Getting Electricity indicator. Mr. Tjong obtained a degree in international relations from the University of São Paulo. He also holds a Master's degree in European and Asian relations from Sciences Po, Paris, and Fudan University, Shanghai. Prior to joining the team, he worked at the Paris City Hall’s international relations bureau. He previously worked at PwC in São Paulo, where he provided consulting services for Chinese investments in Brazil. He speaks Portuguese, French, Spanish, and Chinese. He is currently based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Judith Trasancos

Judith Trasancos joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the design of the Contracting with the Government indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mrs. Trasancos worked for the Government of Catalonia in New York and Banc Sabadell in Barcelona. She holds two masters in international relations and diplomacy from the Diplomatic School of Spain and Universitat Pompeu Fabra; a B.A. in translation and interpreting; and a postgraduate course in preparing an international tender submission from the Organization of Ibero-American States. She speaks Spanish, Catalan, Galician, French and is conversant in Arabic.

Hulya Ulku

Hulya Ulku is a Senior Economist in Doing Business, Development Economics Vice Presidency. Prior to joining the Doing Business team in 2013, she worked as a Lecturer in Development Economics at the University of Manchester for nine years, where she directed the Development Economics and Policy Master's Program and taught International Trade and Macroeconomics courses to graduate students. Ms. Ulku has published extensively on innovation and economic growth and on the developmental potentials of remittances. Her recent research focuses on innovation, labor market regulations, and integration policies and outcomes for international migrants. Ms. Ulku holds a Bachelor's Degree in Public Finance from Gazi University, Master's Degrees in Economics and International Economics from Northeastern and Brandeis Universities, and a Ph. D. Degree in Economics from Brandeis University.

Farrukh Umarov

Farrukh Umarov joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. Umarov worked for Start-Up Nation Central, a non-profit organization, in Tel Aviv, and co-founded a technology skill-building organization in Tajikistan. He also worked for the UN Migration Agency in Tajikistan. Mr. Umarov holds a Master of Public Policy degree from the University of Oxford and a bachelor’s degree in International and Comparative Politics from the American University of Central Asia. He speaks Tajik (Dari/Farsi), Russian, and is conversant in Spanish.

Yulia Valerio

Yulia Valerio joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the Getting Credit – Legal Rights indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Valerio practiced litigation in the US, international arbitration in France, and project finance and international dispute resolution in the Dominican Republic. She has also worked at the IFC’s project Investing Across Borders. Ms. Valerio holds a Masters of Laws (LL.M.) in International Legal Studies from American University Washington College of Law and a J.D. from Seattle University School of Law. She speaks Russian and is conversant in Spanish.

Maria Velez

Maria Adelaida Velez joined the Doing Business team in February 2017. She works with the Enforcing Contracts indicator. She received her Master’s degree in International Relations and International Economics from The School of Advanced International Studies -SAIS- at Johns Hopkins University, where she focused on Latin American Studies and development. She received her law degree from Eafit University in Colombia. Prior to working at the World Bank Group, Maria Adelaida worked as an adjunct Law professor at Eafit University, and also contributed to public policy design for citizen security at the local government of the city of Medellin. She is a native Spanish speaker and is conversant in French.

Rongpeng Yang

Rongpeng Yang joined the Doing Business team in February 2018. She currently works on the Trading across Borders indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Yang worked for the Central Bank of China, where she primarily focused on financial regulatory policy. She has also interned with two commercial banks working on cross-border financial transactions and credit risk assessments, respectively. She received her Bachelor of Arts in Economics from the University of Michigan. She is pursuing her Master of Public Policy degree from Georgetown University’s McCourt School, concentrating on issues of international economic policies. Ms. Yang speaks Chinese.

Marilyne Youbi

Marilyne Youbi joined the Doing Business team in February 2014. She currently works on the Trading Across Borders Indicator and previously worked on the Labor Market Regulation indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Youbi worked as a research assistant for the Center for Urban Progress and Howard University. Most recently, she interned for the Office of International Affairs at the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Marilyne holds a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of Maryland, College Park and a PhD in International and Development Economics from Howard University. She speaks French.

Yasmin Zand

Yasmin Zand joined the Doing Business team in 2009 and works as the contributor manager. She covered Credit Info during a two-year period. She previously worked on media, marketing and communications for the report. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Yasmin was the Deputy Field Director at The Mellman Group, a research-based strategy firm in Washington DC. She also worked on the 2004 United States presidential political campaign. She holds bachelor's degrees in Business Administration and Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley, and an M.B.A. from INSEAD. She speaks Farsi and is conversant in French.

Muqiao Zhang

Muqiao Zhang joined the Doing Business team in February 2017. She currently works on the Paying Taxes indicator. She holds a Master of Finance degree from University of Maryland, and received her Bachelor of Business Administration majoring in Finance from Jilin University in China. Prior to joining the Doing Business team, Ms. Zhang worked with Bank of America, Merrill Lynch, DC office, Wealth Management team. She also has a consulting experience with Climate Finance, engaging in financial compliance investigations, and climate and financial risk analysis. She speaks Chinese.