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Distance to Frontier metrics

DB2004-2014 DB2015 DB2016 DB2017-2018
Starting a Business - For men and women:
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Paid-in minimum capital
- For men and women:
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Paid-in minimum capital
- For men and women:
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Paid-in minimum capital
- For men and women:
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Paid-in minimum capital
Dealing with Construction Permits · Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· NEW: Building quality control index
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Building quality control index
Getting Electricity · Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· NEW: Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index
Registering Property · Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· NEW: Quality of the land administration index
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· EXTENSION: Quality of the land administration index expanded to cover equal access to property rights
Getting Credit · Strength of legal rights index
· Depth of credit information index
· EXTENSION: Strength of legal rights index expanded from 10 to 12 points
· EXTENSION: Depth of credit information index expanded from 6 to 8 points
· Strength of legal rights index expanded from 10 to 12 points
· Depth of credit information index expanded from 6 to 8 points
· Strength of legal rights index expanded from 10 to 12 points
· Depth of credit information index expanded from 6 to 8 points
Protecting Minority Investors · Extent of conflict of interest regulation index · Extent of conflict of interest regulation index
· NEW: Extent of shareholder governance index
· Extent of conflict of interest regulation index
· Extent of shareholder governance index
· Extent of conflict of interest regulation index
· Extent of shareholder governance index
Paying Taxes · Payments
· Time
· Total tax rate
· Payments
· Time
· Total tax rate
· Payments
· Time
· Total tax rate
· Payments
· Time
· Total tax rate
· NEW: Postfilling index
Trading Across Borders · Documents to export
· Time to export
· Cost to export
· Documents to import
· Time to import
· Cost to import
· Documents to export
· Time to export
· Cost to export
· Documents to import
· Time to import
· Cost to import
NEW CASE SCENARIO:
- Time to export
· Documentary compliance
· Border compliance
- Cost to export
· Documentary compliance
· Border compliance
- Time to import
· Documentary compliance
· Border compliance
- Cost to import
· Documentary compliance
· Border compliance
Time to export
· Documentary compliance
· Border compliance
- Cost to export
· Documentary compliance
· Border compliance
- Time to import
· Documentary compliance
· Border compliance
- Cost to import
· Documentary compliance
· Border compliance
Enforcing Contracts · Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Procedures
· Time
· Cost
· Time
· Cost
· NEW: Quality of judicial processes index
· Time
· Cost
· EXTENSION: Quality of judicial processes index expanded to cover weight of women's testimony in court
Resolving Insolvency · Recovery rate · Recovery rate
· NEW: Strength of insolvency framework index
· Recovery rate
· Strength of insolvency framework index
· Recovery rate
· Strength of insolvency framework index

Notes:

In DB2015, Resolving Insolvency introduced new measures of quality and 2 topics (Getting Credit, Protecting Minority Investors) broadened the existing measures. Moreover, for the first time, DB expanded the sample of cities in 11 large economies.
In DB2016, 4 topics (Dealing with Construction Permits, Getting Electricity, Registering Property and Enforcing Contracts) also introduced new measures of quality. Additionally, Trading across Borders overhauled its methodology to increase the relevance of indicators.
In DB2017, Paying Taxes introduced new measures of postfiling processes and 3 topics (Starting a Business, Registering Property and Enforcing Contracts) added gender components.
Each methodology expansion was back-calculated for one year to provide comparable data for the previous year.