#

Ease of Doing Business in

Algeria

Algeria Download Profile (1751.2KB, pdf)
Region Middle East & North Africa
Income Category Upper middle income
Population 39,666,519
GNI Per Capita (US$) 4,870
City covered Algiers

190

1

DB 2017 Rank

1

100

DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 156 163 up
7
47.76 45.88 down
1.88
Starting a Business 142 145 up
3
77.54 76.08 up
1.46
Dealing with Construction Permits 77 119 up
42
71.02 64.56 up
6.46
Getting Electricity 118 130 up
12
60.58 57.56 up
3.02
Registering Property 162 161 down
1
43.83 43.83
-
Getting Credit 175 174 down
1
10.00 10.00
-
Protecting Minority Investors 173 174 up
1
33.33 33.33
-
Paying Taxes 155 170 up
15
53.99 46.10 up
7.89
Trading across Borders 178 178
-
24.15 24.15
-
Enforcing Contracts 102 100 down
2
55.49 55.49
-
Resolving Insolvency 74 71 down
3
47.67 47.67
-

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank:

162

DB 2016 Rank:

161

Change in Rank:

down1

DB 2017 DTF (% points):

43.83

DB 2016 DTF (% points):

43.83

Change in DTF (% points):

0.00

STANDARD PROPERTY TRANSFER
Property value DZD 20,611,043
City Algiers
Indicator Algeria Middle East & North Africa OECD high income
Procedures (number) info_outline 10 5.7 4.7
Time (days) info_outline 55 30.5 22.4
Cost (% of property value) info_outline 7.1 5.9 4.2
Quality of the land administration index (0-30) info_outline 7 12.5 22.7
  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    Obtain a cadastral document identifying the parcel and its owner

    Agency: Agence Nationale du Cadastre

    The notary obtains a PR4 bis from the Cadastre, stating the parcel number and the owner's name.

    15 days (simultaneous with procedure 2) 34 DZD (Cadastre Fee) + 20 DZD (Stamp fee)
    * 2

    Obtain a certificate of non-encumbrances from the Land Registry (Conservation Foncière)

    Agency: Land Registry (Conservation Foncière)

    The notary obtains a non-encumbrance certificate from the Land Registry (Conservation Foncière). The original Title is given to the Notary by the Seller. The cost is published in Arrété 25/05/2009 (Official Gazette no. 40/2009).

    7 days (simultaneous with procedure 1)
    DZD 500 for the non-encumbrance certificate
    3

    Parties provide the relevant documents at the notary and obtain the order of payment

    Agency: Notary

    The parties provide the notary with all the relevant documents such as the original Property title, non-encumbrance certificate, birth certificate and the minutes of the shareholders' meeting giving authority to the representative of the company to buy/sell the property on their behalf. The notary takes note of the purchase price and reviews the documents. The notary then issues an order of payment to the buyer for 20% of the purchasing price (to be deposited in the notary’s account at the Public Revenue Office), where a corporation is involved. The deposit will cover:
    • Registration fees: 5% of property value (2.5% per party)
    • Notary's fees according to D.E. no.08-243 of 03/08/2008 (Official Gazette no. 45/2008)
    • Publication fee (taxe de publicité foncière): 1% of property value

    3 days 3% for first DZD 500,000 of property value, 2% for the next DZD 500,000, 1% for exceeding amount + 17% VAT is applicable on the notary fees
    4

    The buyer pays registration and publication fees into notary’s account at the Public Revenue Office (Trésor Public)

    Agency: Public Revenue Office (Trésor Public)

    Article 12 of the Loi des Finances de 2014 mandates that the buyer makes a deposit of a fifth of the property's value. The deposit will cover:

    • 5% registration fee (2.5% to be paid by each party), as per Article 252 of the Code d'Enregistrement
    • 1% for publication fees at the Public Revenue Office, as per article 353-2 of the Code d'Enregistrement

    The effective tax rate is listed at Article 353-1 of the Code d'Enregistrement. The buyer obtains a receipt as proof of payment which he must give to the notary.

    1 day 6% of the property value (5% registration fee + 1% publication fee)
    5

    Parties sign the contract at the public notary

    Agency: Notary

    After the deposit, the buyer provides the notary with the receipt. The notary then drafts the contract, which is signed by both parties and issues a provisional copy of the sale agreement to the seller and a copy of purchase deed to the buyer. The notary then continues with the registration of the transfer deed (see proc. 5-10).

    1 day no cost
    6

    The notary pays registration fees to the local tax authorities (Recette des Impôts)

    Agency: Local tax authorities (Recette des Impôts)

    The notary issues a payment of 5% of the purchase value for the registration fees to the local tax authorities. Subsequently, the tax authorities will check if there are outstanding taxes. After the checking is over, the tax authorities issue an original deed (‘minute de l’acte) to the notary for his records only. The "minute" is the original received by the notary. The notary must keep it and cannot make it public.

    1 day Already counted in Procedure 4
    7

    The original deed and documents are filed by the notary at the Registry of Deeds (Service de l’Enregistrement et du Timbre)

    Agency: Registry of Deeds (Service de l’Enregistrement et du Timbre)

    The original deed signed by both parties and all relevant documents are filed, by the notary, at the tax authority (Service de l'enregistrement et du timbre).

    3 days no cost
    8

    File tax declaration and proof of payment at the local tax office (Sous Direction du Recouvrement des Impôts)

    Agency: Local tax office (Sous Direction du Recouvrement des Impôts)

    The seller files the tax declaration and proof of payment at the local tax office (Sous Direction des Impôts), within ten days from the date that the contract is signed, and a receipt will be issued. This receipt is important as it will allow the notary to collect the reimbursement of 50% of the amount deposited in his account.

    1 day no cost
    9

    Notary returns deposit to seller

    Agency: Notary

    After 30 days, and if there are no objections by the tax office, the notary delivers to the seller a check for the amount of the deposit or, if applicable, the amount minus the capital gains tax, if the latter was paid from the deposit.

    30 days (time limit) (simultaneous with following Procedures) no cost
    * 10

    The notary issues payment for publication fee to the Local Land Registry (Conservation Foncière) for publication and issuance of the new deed

    Agency: Local Land Registry (Conservation Foncière)

    The notary issues a payment by check for the publication fee of 1% of the purchase value (part of 6% deposited by the seller) accompanied by a copy of the deed. The Land Registry then issues a public deed to the notary.

    15-20 days Already counted in Procedure 4

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Quality of the land administration index (0-30) 7.0
    Reliability of infrastructure index (0-8) 1.0
    What is the institution in charge of immovable property registration? Conservation Fonciére
    In what format are the majority of title or deed records kept in the largest business city—in a paper format or in a computerized format (scanned or fully digital)? Paper 0.0
    Is there an electronic database for checking for encumbrances (liens, mortgages, restrictions and the like)? No 0.0
    In what format are the majority of maps of land plots kept in the largest business city—in a paper format or in a computerized format (scanned or fully digital)? Paper 0.0
    Is there an electronic database for recording boundaries, checking plans and providing cadastral information (geographic information system)? No 0.0
    Is the information recorded by the immovable property registration agency and the cadastral or mapping agency kept in a single database, in different but linked databases or in separate databases? Separate databases 0.0
    Do the immovable property registration agency and cadastral or mapping agency use the same identification number for properties? Yes 1.0
    Transparency of information index (0–6) 1.0
    Who is able to obtain information on land ownership at the agency in charge of immovable property registration in the largest business city? Only intermediaries and interested parties 0.0
    Is the list of documents that are required to complete any type of property transaction made publicly available–and if so, how? Yes, on public boards 0.5
    Link for online access:
    Is the applicable fee schedule for any property transaction at the agency in charge of immovable property registration in the largest business city made publicly available–and if so, how? Yes, on public boards 0.5
    Link for online access:
    Does the agency in charge of immovable property registration commit to delivering a legally binding document that proves property ownership within a specific time frame–and if so, how does it communicate the service standard? No 0.0
    Link for online access:
    Is there a specific and separate mechanism for filing complaints about a problem that occurred at the agency in charge of immovable property registration? No 0.0
    Are there publicly available official statistics tracking the number of transactions at the immovable property registration agency? No 0.0
    Number of property transfers in the largest business city in 2015:
    Who is able to consult maps of land plots in the largest business city? Only intermediaries and interested parties 0.0
    Is the applicable fee schedule for accessing maps of land plots made publicly available—and if so, how? Yes, in person 0.0
    Link for online access:
    Does the cadastral or mapping agency commit to delivering an updated map within a specific time frame—and if so, how does it communicate the service standard? No 0.0
    Link for online access:
    Is there a specific and separate mechanism for filing complaints about a problem that occurred at the cadastral or mapping agency? No 0.0
    Geographic coverage index (0–8) 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the economy formally registered at the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the largest business city formally registered at the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the economy mapped? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the largest business city mapped? No 0.0
    Land dispute resolution index (0–8) 5.0
    Does the law require that all property sale transactions be registered at the immovable property registry to make them opposable to third parties? Yes 1.5
    Is the system of immovable property registration subject to a state or private guarantee? Yes 0.5
    Is there a specific compensation mechanism to cover for losses incurred by parties who engaged in good faith in a property transaction based on erroneous information certified by the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Does the legal system require a control of legality of the documents necessary for a property transaction (e.g., checking the compliance of contracts with requirements of the law)? Yes 0.5
    If yes, who is responsible for checking the legality of the documents? Registrar; Notary.
    Does the legal system require verification of the identity of the parties to a property transaction? Yes 0.5
    If yes, who is responsible for verifying the identity of the parties? Registrar; Notary.
    Is there a national database to verify the accuracy of identity documents? No 0.0
    For a standard land dispute between two local businesses over tenure rights of a property worth 50 times gross national income (GNI) per capita and located in the largest business city, what court would be in charge of the case in the first instance? Land court within the territorial jurisdiction
    How long does it take on average to obtain a decision from the first-instance court for such a case (without appeal)? Between 1 and 2 years 2.0
    Are there any statistics on the number of land disputes in the first instance? No 0.0
    Number of land disputes in the largest business city in 2015:
    Equal access to property rights index (-2–0) 0.0
    Do unmarried men and unmarried women have equal ownership rights to property? Yes 0.0
    Do married men and married women have equal ownership rights to property? Yes 0.0