Bangladesh

Registering Property in

Bangladesh

Below is a detailed summary of the steps, time and cost involved in registering property in Bangladesh. It assumes a standardized case of an entrepreneur who wants to purchase land and a building that is already registered and free of title dispute.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 189 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2013.

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  • Standard Property Transfer

  • Property Value: BDT 3,266,440.31
  • City: Dhaka
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
* 1 Verify the record of rights from the Land Office (also known as Land Revenue Office)

Parties check that land tax payments are up to date.
The Land Administration system in Bangladesh separates Records of Ownership and Records on Revenue as such:

(a) Land Records Office for land records, surveys, publication and maintenance of records under the directorate of land records and survey (Ministry of Land).
(b) Land Office or Land Revenue Office under Ministry of Land. There are 11 administrative offices in each upajela (sub district)
(c) There are 64 districts in Bangladesh but 61 registration districts. 3 hill districts do not have registration centres. In Dhaka, the district land registration office has 13 subregistrar offices under the Ministry of Law.
Agency: Land Office or Land Revenue Office
20 days (simultaneous with procedures 2 and 3) BDT 3,000-6,000
* 2 Conduct RS Mutation on property

Since the last survey on Dhaka was done, transfers of property titles created before then must be converted (mutated) to the new survey. Since January 2012 in Dhaka instead of conducting RS Mutation, City surveys are conducted. This is done by the Assistant Commissioner of Lands (Tahsil) and Specific Tahsil Office. In order to obtain this, an application is required to be made to the concerned Assistant Commissioner of Land with particulars of the property. The Assistant Commissioner forwards the same to the Tahsil Office, who are responsible for conducting the relevant survey and providing a report to Assistant Commissioner of Land. Upon receiving the report, the Assistant Commissioner of Land renders the mutation certificate. The inspection is noted in Procedure 3. From January, 1 2012 all properties automatically come under City Survey Khatian.
Agency: Assistant Commissioner of Lands (Tahsil)
45-60 days (simultaneous with procedures 1 and 3) BDT 6000-15000
* 3 Obtain inspection for RS Mutation

The permission is only mandatory when the property is under the control of either the Ministry of Works (National Housing Authority) or RAJUK (Dhaka Improvement Trust since 1952 until it was renamed Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkh –RAJUK in 1982).

Although the permission is usually always granted, unofficial payments are still paid in order to expedite the process and guarantee approval, which amount to BDT 20,000.
The buyer also checks that the property is up to date with payments to the City Corporation Revenue Department, gas utility service, electricity utility service, and the water utility service to make sure that there is no outstanding dues payable so that the those liabilities do not transfer to him. Each of these checks will cost around BDT 625. These are standard steps customary in Bangladesh and not mandatory for registration.
Agency: Assistant Commissioner of Lands (Tahsil)
45-60 days (simultaneous with procedures 1 and 2) included in procedure 2
4 Obtain the non-encumbrance certificate from the relevant Sub-registry office

The buyer checks the legal status of the land (mortgaged or leased or ownership) at the relevant Sub-registry. From January 2012 both Sub-registry and Land Revenue Office provide non-encumbrance certificate. Sometimes land report is required. A land report gives an idea about the current situation and ownership of the land that may include chain of ownership, land tax, land record, registry status etc. Whereas a non-encumbrance certificate is used in property transactions as an evidence of free title/ownership.
Agency: Sub-registry and Land Revenue Office
3-12 days BDT 1000-1500
5 Prepare deed of transfer and pay stamp duty

A lawyer may prepare the transfer deed, but it can be prepared by the parties themselves. If a lawyer does it, the fees will be around BDT 6,000.
The deed must be prepared in stamped paper that will cost 3% of the property value to get it. This represents the stamp duty.
Agency: Registry Office and Designated Bank
1 day 3% of property value (Stamp duty)
6 Pay capital gains tax, registration fee, VAT and other taxes at a designated bank

Registration fee = 2%
Local Government Tax = 1%
The 2% registration fee is payable to the Bank in favor of the sub-registry office and the receipt is to be presented at the moment of applying for registration.
Also, Capital Gains Tax = 2% (Not applicable in rural areas for agriculture. Applicable to land above 100 000 Takas, irrespective of when the transfer was made) and VAT = 1.5% (Applicable only for municipal corporation area payable by private housing and flat developers and commercial businesses) have to be paid at this stage.
Agency: Designated Bank
1 day local government tax (1%) + registration fee (2%) of property value
* 7 Apply for registration at the relevant Sub-registry

The buyer applies for registration at the Municipal Deed Registry Office, presenting the receipts of payment for the registration fees obtained in Procedure 6.
A certified registration document is obtained within a week for the buyer’s record. The original sale deed/certificate requires about 6 months to be obtained.
Agency: Municipal Deed Registry Office
180 days (simultaneous with procedure 8) Already paid in Procedure 6
* 8 Register the change in ownership at the Land Revenue Office

The change of ownership must be registered in the Land Revenue Office. The property is recorded under the name of the new owner, who is responsible for paying the land taxes from the day it is transferred.
Agency: Land Revenue Office
45 - 60 days (simultaneous with procedure 7) BDT 5,000
* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.

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