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Dealing with Construction Permits in

Benin

Below is a detailed summary of the procedures, time and costs to build a warehouse in Benin. This includes obtaining necessary licenses and permits, completing required notifications and inspections and obtaining utility connections.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 190 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2016. Read the methodology.

Compare Benin to 189 other economies.

  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    Legalize the property title at a notary

    Agency: Notary

    BuildCo must present proof of ownership of the land it intends to build on. Building permit applicants have two options: present an original title deed issued by the Land Registry or submit a legalized version of the original title deed. In practice, most companies choose the latter, as this is faster and cheaper. Title deeds can be legalized by a notary, the court, or the issuing authority (i.e. the Land Registry).

    1 day XOF 5,000
    2

    Obtain approval and proof of membership from the Order of Architects

    Agency: Order of Architects

    The architect in charge of the project must submit the building drawings to the Order of Architects. The Order will review the plans and if they approve them, the Order will issue a certificate that proves that the architect in charge of the project is a member of the Order of Architects. BuildCo must submit an original of this proof of membership with every building permit application. This proof of membership serves as an external review of the building plans and is necessary for all buildings larger than 150 square meters that receive public visitors or that have many stories.

    1 day XOF 130,060
    3

    Obtain fire safety report

    Agency: Fire Department

    A fire safety report must be done by the professional and is an essential part of the building permit request.

    7 days XOF 97,545
    * 4

    Obtain location map (levee topographique)

    Agency: Private company

    This leve topographique (or plan de situation) is needed by the architect to provide information of the plot of land in regards to its surroundings

    3 days XOF 85,000
    5

    Obtain building permit

    Agency: Municipality

    BuildCo completes the application form, while the architect compiles the file and submits it to the Municipality. In the Doing Business case study, it is assumed that the plan and the dossier can be completed by a company architect, who in this case is registered with the National Order of Architects.

    The dossier comprises the following:
    • Technical plans
    • Property title
    • Cost proposal

    All permit applications are submitted to the Municipality. However, for construction projects deemed of ‘"national character,” applications are submitted to the Ministry of Environment and Housing and Urban Planning (Ministère de l’Environnement, de l’Habitat et de l’Urbanisme, MEHU), according to Article 30 of Decree No. 89 -- 112 of March 24, 1989.

    Once the application is submitted to the Municipality, the Municipality is in charge of submitting the dossier to the different agencies. The dossier is reviewed by the following agencies:
    • Fire services
    • Health services
    • Urban planning (Direction de l’Urbanisme).

    Each agency has a week to review the dossier. Subsequently, a commission meets to make the final decision. The official time limit is 3 months, after which the silent-is-consent rule applies.

    14 days XOF 260,120
    6

    Request and receive set out inspection by DST

    Agency: Direction des Services Technique (DST)

    The Builder must inform the technical department that work will start and this service will do a site visit to verify the set out and the alignment in regards to the road – this is done in accordance to the law.

    1 day no charge
    7

    Receive random municipal inspection

    Agency: Municipality

    The inspections are stipulated by law and may occur at random during construction. The number of inspections depends on the project’s visibility (usually between 2 and 5 inspections will take place).

    1 day no charge
    8

    Notify the Municipality of the end of construction and request final inspection

    Agency: Municipality

    Once the building is completed, the commission will inspect the building for compliance with the approved building plans. The fire department is also a part of that inspection. Once the inspection is complete, a report (Proces Verbal) will be written before the certificate of conformity and occupancy are issued.

    1 day no charge
    9

    Receive final inspection from the DST

    Agency: Direction des Services Technique (DST)

    Once the building is completed, the commission will inspect the building for compliance with the approved building plans. The fire department will also be part of that inspection. Once the inspection is complete, a report (Proces Verbal) will be written which will lead to the issuance of the Certificate of conformity and Occupancy.

    1 day no charge
    10

    Obtain certificate of conformity and occupancy

    Agency: Municipality

    45 days no charge
    * 11

    Apply for water connection

    Agency: Société Nationale des Eaux du Bénin (SONEG)

    One can obtain the form immediately, but the National Water Company (Société Nationale d'Eau du Bénin, SNEB) usually inspects the site in 1 -- 2 weeks.

    1 day XOF 110,000
    12

    Receive on-site inspection by water company to assess cost

    Agency: Société Nationale des Eaux du Bénin (SONEG)

    1 day no charge
    13

    Obtain water connection

    Agency: Société Nationale des Eaux du Bénin (SONEG)

    After the inspection, it takes about 2 weeks to obtain the cost proposal. The water connection is completed within 30 days of payment. The wait time depends on the construction company’s diligent and persistent follow up on the connection and the availability of connection materials.

    15 days no charge

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Building quality control index (0-15) 7.5
    Quality of building regulations index (0-2) 0.5
    How accessible are building laws and regulations in your economy? (0-1) Free of charge; In official gazette; Not easily accessible. 0.5
    Which requirements for obtaining a building permit are clearly specified in the building regulations or on any accessible website, brochure or pamphlet? (0-1) List of required documents; Fees to be paid. 0.0
    Quality control before construction index (0-1) 1.0
    Which third-party entities are required by law to verify that the building plans are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-1) Licensed architect; Licensed engineer. 1.0
    Quality control during construction index (0-3) 0.0
    What types of inspections (if any) are required by law to be carried out during construction? (0-2) Unscheduled inspections. 0.0
    Do legally mandated inspections occur in practice during construction? (0-1) Mandatory inspections are not always done in practice during construction. 0.0
    Quality control after construction index (0-3) 2.0
    Is there a final inspection required by law to verify that the building was built in accordance with the approved plans and regulations? (0-2) Yes, final inspection is done by government agency. 2.0
    Do legally mandated final inspections occur in practice? (0-1) Final inspection does not always occur in practice. 0.0
    Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2) 2.0
    Which parties (if any) are held liable by law for structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability or Decennial Liability)? (0-1)  Architect or engineer; Construction company. 1.0
    Which parties (if any) are required by law to obtain an insurance policy to cover possible structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability Insurance or Decennial Insurance)? (0-1) Architect or engineer; Construction company. 1.0
    Professional certifications index (0-4) 2.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional responsible for verifying that the architectural plans or drawings are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-2) Minimum number of years of experience; University degree in architecture or engineering; Being a registered architect or engineer. 2.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional who supervises the construction on the ground? (0-2) There are no specific requirements. 0.0