Ease of Doing Business in


This page summarizes Doing Business 2014 data for Brazil. The first table lists the overall "Ease of Doing Business" rank (out of 189 economies) and the rankings by each topic. It also lists the economy's distance to frontier (DTF)** measure. The rest of the tables summarize the key indicators for each topic and benchmark against regional and high-income economy (OECD) averages.

Economy Overview

Region Latin America & Caribbean
Income Category Upper middle income
Population 198,656,019
GNI Per Capita (US$) 11,630
City covered São Paulo
Doing Business 2014 Rank Doing Business 2013 Rank*** Change in Rank
116 118 down 2

Doing Business 2014 DTF** (% points) Doing Business 2013 DTF** (% points) Change in DTF** (% points)
53.35 52.49 down 0.86

Starting a Business


The challenges of launching a business are shown below. Included are: the number of steps entrepreneurs can expect to go through to launch, the time it takes on average, and the cost and minimum capital required as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) per capita.

DB 2014 Rank 123 DB 2013 Rank*** 121 Change in Rank down-2
DB 2014 DTF** (% points) 54.66 DB 2013 DTF** (% points) 52.99 Change in DTF** (% points) up1.67

Information on new business density and number of newly created firms with limited liability can be found at Entrepreneurship Database.

Indicator Brazil Latin America & Caribbean OECD

The total number of procedures required to register a firm. A procedure is defined as any interaction of the company founders with external parties (for example, government agencies, lawyers, auditors or notaries).

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Procedures (number)
13 9 5

The total number of days required to register a firm. The measure captures the median duration that incorporation lawyers indicate is necessary to complete a procedure with minimum follow-up with government agencies and no extra payments.

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Time (days)
107.5 36.1 11.1

Cost is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita. It includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law.

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Cost (% of income per capita)
4.6 33.1 3.6

The amount that the entrepreneur needs to deposit in a bank or with a notary before registration and up to 3 months following incorporation and is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita.

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Paid-in Min. Capital (% of income per capita)
0.0 3.6 10.4
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Check company name with JUCESP Less than one day (online procedure) no charge
2 Pay registration fees 1 day See cost associated to procedure below
3 Register at JUCESP to obtain NIRE and CNPJ 7 days R$75 registration + R$50 (expediting fee)
4 Obtain the INSS (National Institute of Social Security) 5 days no charge
5 Register to ICMS 1 day no charge
6 Register with the Municipal Taxpayers’ Registry (Secretaria Municipal de Finanças) of the City of São Paulo 1 day no charge
7 Apply and obtain digital certification (token) for the use of e-invoice 2 days The cost may vary from R$ 450.00 to R$ 600.00
8 Apply to the municipality for an operations permit (auto de licença de funcionamento) 90 days no charge
* 9 Register and pay TFE (RegistryTaxa de Fiscalização de Estabelecimentos) to the Municipal Taxpayers’ Registry 1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) R$ 425.46 (for retailing business), may vary in accordance with the company’s activities
* 10 Register the employees in the social integration program (Programa de Integração Social, PIS) 1 day, (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge
* 11 Open a special fund for unemployment (FGTS) in bank 1 day, (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge
* 12 Notify the Ministry of Labor (Cadastro Geral de empregados e desempregados, CAGED) 1 day, (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge
* 13 Registration with the Patronal Union and with the Employees Union. 5 days, (simultaneous with previous procedure) Annual fee to be paid depending on the Union.
* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.

** The distance to frontier (DTF) measure shows the distance of each economy to the "frontier," which represents the highest performance observed on each of the topics including Getting Electricity across all economies included in Doing Business. An economy’s distance to frontier is indicated on a scale from 0 to 100, where 0 represents the lowest performance and 100 the frontier. Read more...

***Last year's rankings are adjusted: they are based on 10 topics and reflect data corrections.

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