Ease of Doing Business in


This page summarizes Doing Business 2015 data for Brazil. The first section presents the Ease of Doing Business rank (out of 189 economies) and the distance to frontier (DTF)** measure, overall and by topic. The second section summarizes the key indicators for each topic benchmarked against regional averages.

Economy Overview

Region Latin America & Caribbean
Income Category Upper middle income
Population 200,361,925
GNI Per Capita (US$) 11,690
City covered São Paulo , Rio de Janeiro
Doing Business 2015 Rank Doing Business 2014 Rank*** Change in Rank
120 123 down 3

Doing Business 2015 DTF** (% points) Doing Business 2014 DTF** (% points) Change in DTF** (% points)
58.01 57.39 down 0.62

Starting a Business


The challenges of launching a business are shown below. Included are: the number of steps entrepreneurs can expect to go through to launch, the time it takes on average, and the cost and minimum capital required as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) per capita.

DB 2015 DTF** (% points) 58.30 DB 2014 DTF** (% points) 56.78 Change in DTF** (% points) up1.52

Information on new business density and number of newly created firms with limited liability can be found at Entrepreneurship Database.

Indicator São Paulo Latin America & Caribbean OECD

The total number of procedures required to register a firm. A procedure is defined as any interaction of the company founders with external parties (for example, government agencies, lawyers, auditors or notaries).

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Procedures (number)
12.0 8.3 4.8

The total number of days required to register a firm. The measure captures the median duration that incorporation lawyers indicate is necessary to complete a procedure with minimum follow-up with government agencies and no extra payments.

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Time (days)
102.5 30.1 9.2

Cost is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita. It includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law.

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Cost (% of income per capita)
4.2 31.1 3.4

The amount that the entrepreneur needs to deposit in a bank or with a notary before registration and up to 3 months following incorporation and is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita.

View methodology
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita)
0.0 3.2 8.8
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Check company name with JUCERJA Less than one day (online procedure) no charge
2 Pay registration fees 1 day fees included in procedure 3
3 Register at JUCERJA to obtain CNPJ, INSS and NIRE 7 days R$75 registration + R$50 (expediting fee)
4 Register with ICMS 1 day no charge
5 Register with the Municipal Taxpayers’ Registry (Secretaria Municipal de Finanças) of the City of São Paulo 1 day no charge
6 Apply and obtain digital certification (token) for the use of e-invoice 2 days The cost may vary from R$ 450.00 to R$ 600.00
7 Apply to the municipality for an operations permit (auto de licença de funcionamento) 90 days no charge
* 8 Register and pay TFE (RegistryTaxa de Fiscalização de Estabelecimentos) to the Municipal Taxpayers’ Registry 1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) R$ 425.46 (for retailing business), may vary in accordance with the company’s activities
* 9 Register the employees in the social integration program (Programa de Integração Social, PIS) 1 day, (simultaneous with procedure 7) no charge
* 10 Open a special fund for unemployment (FGTS) in bank 1 day, (simultaneous with procedure 7) no charge
* 11 Notify the Ministry of Labor (Cadastro Geral de empregados e desempregados, CAGED) 1 day, (simultaneous with procedure 7) no charge
* 12 Registration with the Patronal Union and with the Employees Union. 5 days, (simultaneous with procedure 7) no charge
  * Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.

**The distance to frontier score shows how far on average an economy is at a point in time from the best performance achieved by any economy on each Doing Business indicator since 2005 or the third year in which data for the indicator were collected. The measure is normalized to range between 0 and 100, with 100 representing the frontier. Read more...

***Last year's rankings are adjusted. They are based on 10 topics and reflect data corrections.

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