Ease of Doing Business in


Bulgaria Download Profile (1950.5KB, pdf)
Region Europe & Central Asia
Income Category Upper middle income
Population 7,177,991
GNI Per Capita (US$) 7,220
City covered Sofia



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 39 37 down
73.51 73.08 down
Starting a Business 82 78 down
86.82 86.31 up
Dealing with Construction Permits 48 47 down
75.06 74.84 up
Getting Electricity 104 110 up
64.97 61.85 up
Registering Property 60 59 down
70.19 70.17 up
Getting Credit 32 29 down
70.00 70.00
Protecting Minority Investors 13 10 down
73.33 73.33
Paying Taxes 83 85 up
72.81 72.81
Trading across Borders 21 21
97.41 97.45 down
Enforcing Contracts 49 49
65.09 65.09
Resolving Insolvency 48 47 down
59.38 58.93 up

Positive=Doing Business reform making it easier to do business. Negative=Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank: 82

DB 2016 Rank: 78

Change in Rank: down4

DB 2017 DTF (% points): 86.82

DB 2016 DTF (% points): 86.31

Change in DTF (% points): up0.51

Indicator Bulgaria Europe & Central Asia OECD high income
Procedure – Men (number) info_outline 6.0 4.9 4.8
Time – Men (days) info_outline 23.0 10.2 8.3
Cost – Men (% of income per capita) info_outline 1.3 4.7 3.1
Procedure – Women (number) info_outline 6.0 4.9 4.8
Time – Women (days) info_outline 23.0 10.2 8.3
Cost – Women (% of income per capita) info_outline 1.3 4.7 3.1
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita) info_outline 0.0 4.0 9.2
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

Execute the minutes of the constituent meeting of the shareholders in the OOD; obtain a notary certified statement of consent and signature specimen of the manager, and a certified copy of the articles of incorporation of the OOD.

Agency: Public Notary

Each newly appointed general manager must sign and submit the following affidavits:

(1) affidavit under Article 141 of the Commercial Act, where the general manager declares that (s)he has not been declared in bankruptcy and (s)he has not been a general manager, a member of a managing or controlling body of a company, dissolved because of bankruptcy during the last two years preceding the date of the resolution declaring the bankruptcy, and that, in addition, (s)he has not been a general manager or a member of a managing or controlling body of a company, that has been ascertained by an effective and enforceable penalty decree as not complying with such company's obligations for establishment and storage of the determined levels of reserves under the Bulgarian Law on Reserves of Oil and Oil Products;

(2) affidavit under Article 142 of the Commercial Act where the general manager declares that without the prior consent of the company (s)he will not (i) enter into commercial transactions either in his/her personal capacity or on behalf of third parties; (ii) participate in general partnerships, limited partnerships and limited liability companies; and (iii) occupy positions in the managing bodies of other partnerships or companies; and

(3) affidavit under Article 13 paragraph 4 of the Commercial Register Act to declare that the circumstances, as would be applied for registration in the Commercial Register and the adoption of the acts as would be applied for promulgation therein, are genuine and true.
1 day BGN 5

Deposit paid-up capital in a bank

Agency: Commercial Bank

The capital-accruing bank account must be opened either by the company manager or by a person authorized by a notary-certified power of attorney. Those persons delegated authority over the bank account must provide a signature specimen in person or a notary-certified specimen. The amount of capital stays blocked in the bank account until the registry issues a decision on the company registration. The Commercial Act requires the minimum capital prescribed by law, i.e. BGN 2, to be paid-in prior to incorporation. After opening the escrow account and depositing the funds therein the company under incorporation is issued a certificate evidencing the shareholders' deposit of the capital. The certificate must be presented at the registry.
1 day BGN 10 -30 BGN (depending on the bank)

Register with the Commercial Register at the Registry Agency

Agency: Registry Agency

The registration is done using a Standard Application (A4 Form – "Application for registration of circumstances
related to a limited liability company").

The following documents must be attached to the application:
(1) Agreement of Association,
(2) Resolution for appointment of manager(s),
(3) Notary certified consent and signature specimen of manager(s), and
(4) Bank certificate for deposited capital.

The state fees are BGN 110 if the documents are filed with the Registry Agency on paper or BGN 55 if the registration documents are filed with the Registry Agency electronically.

The following affidavits by each of the appointed general managers of the company must also be attached to application A4: Affidavit under Article 141 paragraph 8 of the Commercial Act; Affidavit under Article 142 of the Commercial Act; and Affidavit under Article 13 paragraph 4 of the Commercial Register Act.

As of January 1, 2016 the applications for initial registration of companies have to be reviewed by the Commercial Register officials by the end of the next business day following submission of the application.
2 days BGN 55 for electronic registration and BGN 110 for hard copy application

Register for VAT

Agency: National Revenue Agency

The Value Added Tax Act (promulgated on August 4, 2006 in State Gazette issue 63) became effective on January 1, 2007 (Bulgaria's EU accession date). Under this new law, the company may voluntarily register for VAT purposes at any time, because the current threshold requirement has been abolished. A voluntarily registered person shall remain VAT-registered for 24 months starting from the beginning of the year following the year of VAT registration. The company must register for VAT purposes in Bulgaria if its turnover for 12 consecutive months exceeds BGN 50,000.

Specific grounds for obligatory registration for VAT purposes apply when:
- A person from an EU member state who is not established in Bulgaria and provides taxable supplies of goods that are to be assembled or installed in Bulgaria by that person or at his or her expense (if the recipient is not registered for VAT in Bulgaria).
- A person from another EU member state supplies goods to Bulgaria exceeding total value of BGN 70,000 under the conditions of distance sales of goods within a given calendar year.
- A person (whether resident or not) performs taxable intra-community acquisitions in Bulgaria exceeding BGN 20,000 within a given calendar year.
- A person (whether resident or not) receives supplies of services under chargeable supplies having place of performance on Bulgarian territory with respect to which the VAT is due by the recipient.
- A Bulgarian resident performing supplies of services having place of supply the territory of another EU member state.
12 days no charge
* 5

Register fiscal device (cash register)

Agency: National Revenue Agency

Ordinance No. 18 of 2006 (amended SG49, June 29, 2010 for registration and sales register in the commercial objects through fiscal device) on the recording and reporting of sales mandates that companies conducting commercial activities register their cash register machine. The registration of the device with the NRA usually happens at the moment of purchase. The licensed provider of the fiscal device shall submit to the competent territorial office of the National Revenue Agency a notification requesting the establishment of a connection, along with data about the merchant and its premises and the certificate of registration of the fiscal device. In a 7 days’ time from receipt of the certificate, the local office of the NRA is obliged to certify or reject the certification. The local office of the NRA will send a certified copy of the Certificate or the rejection by registered mail. The company has no right to report sales via a cash register or fiscal printer introduced for work after the purchase or change of ownership, without a certified certificate of registration.

The price of the machines can vary from 50 BGN - 200 BGN
7 days BGN 50 - 200

Register Commercial Object of the company

Agency: Sofia Municipal Council

Companies need to register the commercial object with the Sofia Municipal Council in order to inform the municipality about the type of activity the company will perform. The following documents are needed to complete the registration process.

- Application form;
- Declaration, Registry Agency Certificate,
- Registration certificate of the fiscal device.
7 days no charge

* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.