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Dealing with Construction Permits in

Cameroon

Below is a detailed summary of the procedures, time and costs to build a warehouse in Cameroon. This includes obtaining necessary licenses and permits, completing required notifications and inspections and obtaining utility connections.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 190 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2016. Read the methodology.

Compare Cameroon to 189 other economies.

  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    Obtain recent proof of land ownership

    Agency: Ministry of Urban Development

    A recent proof of land ownership or property certificate can now be obtained from the Ministry of Urban Planning Development (Ministere du Developpement Urbain). This was previously obtained from the Land Registrar (Service des domaines). Although the official fee is XAF 6,000.00, applicants often must pay an informal fee to obtain the property certificate.

    15 days XAF 6,000
    * 2

    Obtain a fire clearance certificate from the Fire Department

    Agency: Fire Department

    Since July 2014, it is a requirement to obtain a security instructions clearance issued by the Fire Brigade for buildings that are more than 400 sq. m, which would apply to the Doing Business case study warehouse.

    7 days XAF 300,000
    * 3

    Obtain a certificate of urban planning (certificat d'urbanisme)

    Agency: Communauté Urbaine

    The Planning Certificate shows whether this is a building land, provides information on the density of permitted construction, and notifies of the existence of easements. It also provides information on whether utilities are available on this land or planned in the future (water, electricity) and finally it provides information on the rules for construction.

    10 days XAF 16,200
    * 4

    Obtain the approval of the overall plan and the site plan by the Cadastre

    Agency: Cadastre

    The overall plan and the site plan must both be approved by the Registry before the request for a building permit can be submitted.

    10 days XAF 100,000
    * 5

    Obtain geo-technical assessment

    Agency: Certified companies, such as LABOGENIE, GEOFOR, APAVE

    For the geotechnical assessment, the services of a professional certified company are requested. Upon completing a soil analysis, the company will produce and sign a report, a copy of which will be included in the building permit application. The permit fee is negotiable.

    7 days XAF 1,200,000
    * 6

    Hire an authorized supervision agency

    Agency: Private Firm

    For buildings with a surface area of more than 400 sq. m., contractors must hire a private company “Bureau d’Etude” to supervise the construction phase. According to Decree Nº 201/1005 PM/ of May 21, 2014, the Communauté Urbaine de Doula now requires that a contract with a Bureau d’Etude be submitted when requesting a building permit.

    1 day XAF 2,726,152
    7

    Receive on-site inspection by the Douala Urban Council

    Agency: Douala Urban Council

    This inspection takes place before the building permit approval.

    1 day XAF 15,000
    8

    Obtain building permit

    Agency: Douala Urban Council

    To obtain a building permit, BuildCo must submit four copies of each of the following documents:

    • Application (stamped, with forms provided by the Douala Urban Council). The fiscal stamp and two communal stamps (timbre fiscal et deux timbre communaux) are required.
    • Certificates of ownership
    • Certificates of urban planning (Certificat d’urbanisme)
    • Block and location plans (plan de situation et plan de masse)
    • Site, foundation, roofing, view or elevation, and septic tank plans
    • Descriptive estimates

    All plans must be signed by an architect accredited by the National Order of Architects (l’Ordre National des Architectes du Cameroun, ONAC).

    The company hires a structural engineer, accredited by the National Order of Structural Engineers, to develop a structural design that then serves as the execution plan. Because the engineer signs this document, it is not modifiable without his express consent. Although an FCFA 1,000.00 application fee is payable upon submission, the building permit fee is paid upon permit approval. The official time limit for permit approval is 90 days. Afterwards, the silent-is-consent rule applies.

    30 days XAF 364,487
    9

    Receive inspection to verify the location (implantation)

    Agency: Service Technique

    The Technical Committee must then inspect the site and issue a report (Proces Verbal).

    1 day no charge
    10

    Apply for the certificate of conformity

    Agency: City Hall of Douala

    Under the Decree Nº2013/0042/PM of January 2013, the owner of the newly constructed warehouse must apply for a certificate of confirmity with the City Hall (La Mairie de Douala).

    1 day no charge
    11

    Receive joint inspection from the Commite Consultatif

    Agency: Comité Consultatif

    Once the application for the certificate of conformity has been submitted, the Comité Consultatif must then inspect the site and issue a report (Proces Verbal).

    15 days no charge
    12

    Obtain certificate of conformity

    Agency: Comité Consultatif

    Once the final inspection is completed, a report is made by the Advisory Committee and the certificate of conformity will be signed by the Mayor, once the record is transmitted.

    21 days no charge
    * 13

    Request water connection

    Agency: Camerounaise des Eaux

    1 day no charge
    14

    Receive inspection by customer service for a cost estimate

    Agency: Camerounaise des Eaux

    Two days after the application has been received and process, customer service will visit the site to do a cost estimate. The client will be informed of the cost estimate and must pay the entire amount.

    1 day no charge
    15

    Obtain water connection after payment

    Agency: Camerounaise des Eaux

    Installation of the meter is done in 15 business days. If there are more than 50 meters of pipe, then there will be an extension of the network and this will take longer and cost more. The official fee is published in every agency and it is FCFA100 000 for a regular installation, of 50 meters. In the case of an extension of the network, such the Doing Business case study, then the cost can go up to FCFA 400,000

    50 days XAF 400,000

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Building quality control index (0-15) 13.0
    Quality of building regulations index (0-2) 2.0
    How accessible are building laws and regulations in your economy? (0-1) Available online; Free of charge. 1.0
    Which requirements for obtaining a building permit are clearly specified in the building regulations or on any accessible website, brochure or pamphlet? (0-1) List of required documents; Fees to be paid; Required preapprovals. 1.0
    Quality control before construction index (0-1) 1.0
    Which third-party entities are required by law to verify that the building plans are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-1) Licensed architect; Licensed engineer; Private firm. 1.0
    Quality control during construction index (0-3) 2.0
    What types of inspections (if any) are required by law to be carried out during construction? (0-2) Inspections by external engineer or firm; Inspections at various phases; No inspections are legally required during construction. 1.0
    Do legally mandated inspections occur in practice during construction? (0-1) Mandatory inspections are always done in practice; Inspections are not mandated by law but commonly occur in practice during construction. 1.0
    Quality control after construction index (0-3) 2.0
    Is there a final inspection required by law to verify that the building was built in accordance with the approved plans and regulations? (0-2) Yes, final inspection is done by government agency. 2.0
    Do legally mandated final inspections occur in practice? (0-1) Final inspection does not always occur in practice; Final inspection occurs most of the time. 0.0
    Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2) 2.0
    Which parties (if any) are held liable by law for structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability or Decennial Liability)? (0-1)  Architect or engineer; Professional in charge of the supervision; Construction company. 1.0
    Which parties (if any) are required by law to obtain an insurance policy to cover possible structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability Insurance or Decennial Insurance)? (0-1) Architect or engineer; Professional in charge of the supervision; Construction company; Insurance is commonly taken in practice. 1.0
    Professional certifications index (0-4) 4.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional responsible for verifying that the architectural plans or drawings are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-2) Minimum number of years of experience; University degree in architecture or engineering; Being a registered architect or engineer. 2.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional who supervises the construction on the ground? (0-2) Minimum number of years of experience; University degree in engineering, construction or construction management; Being a registered architect or engineer. 2.0