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Dealing with Construction Permits in

Chad

Below is a detailed summary of the procedures, time and costs to build a warehouse in Chad. This includes obtaining necessary licenses and permits, completing required notifications and inspections and obtaining utility connections.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 190 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2016. Read the methodology.

Compare Chad to 189 other economies.

  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    Obtain a geotechnical study

    Agency: Laboratoire (LBTP or LABOGEC)

    This study must be done prior to the design of the structural plans, which will be based on the result of this study. The cost depends on the laboratory involved and the number of “points” (holes made to verify the type of soil). For this case study, 2 points are considered.

    5 days XAF 300,000
    2

    Submit technical file at Municipality to apply for building permit

    Agency: N'Djamena Municipality

    The permit request can be submitted directly to the Municipality or in one the various districts. The Municipality will then forward the request internally to the Service Technique where the request will be reviewed and forwarded to the various departments in the Ministry of Environment, Urbanism and Habitat.

    The following documents must be submitted:

    • Location map - scale 1/100 – 1/200
    • Plot plan
    • Plan des différents niveaux
    • Plan de Masse
    • Plan of the front facade (4 facades) (case study: 1 for 1st level and 1 for 2nd level)
    • Elevation plan (2)
    • Roofing plan
    • Electrical plans (case study: 1 for 1st level and 1 for 2nd level)
    • Structural plan (case study: 1 for 1st level and 1 for 2nd level)
    • Plumbing plan (case study: 1 for 1st level and 1 for 2nd level)
    • Carpentry plan (case study: 1 for 1st level and 1 for 2nd level)
    • Beams plan
    • Septic Tank plan
    • Description of all the works (stamp duty FCFA 1,000.00)
    • Property Title (Report from the Cadastre)
    • Estimated cost of construction
    • Summary of the soil study (stamp duty FCFA 1,000.00)

    1 day no charge
    3

    Pay stamps duty at the Service des Domaines et du Timbre

    Agency: Services des Domaines et du Timbre

    BuildCo must contact the Service Technique to find out how much should be paid for the stamps duty. The cost is FCFA 1,000.00 per page for the description and FCFA 2,000.00 for plans.

    1 day XAF 40,000
    4

    Pay fees and obtain the building permit

    Agency: N'Djamena Municipality

    The permit is signed by the Mayor of N’Djamena and BuildCo will pick it up at the Service Technique. This provisional permit will become final after 45 days if the Ministry of Environment, Urbanism and Habitat have not issued it yet.

    According to Ordonnance 70, from the time the first copy of the building permit is delivered to the Municipality, the Ministry has 45 days to issue the final building permit. Otherwise, the provisional permit is considered final.

    45 days XAF 66,991
    * 5

    Hire a private firm (bureau de controle) for inspections

    Agency: Private Firm

    BuildCo will request that the architect hires a private firm to review and monitor the implementation of the approved plans provided, as well as the structural calculation notes of reinforced concrete structures, infrastructures and superstructures, frames, covers and plumbing, sewage and electricity to the low voltage networks.

    Technical control bureaus are accredited by international bodies.

    1 day XAF 446,608
    6

    Request and receive set out inspection by the Cadastre

    Agency: Cadastre

    According to Art. 8 of Ordinance 17 and Art. 25 - Volume V of Decree Nº698 / PR / PM / MATUH / 2012 of 7 May 2012, the land registry department must verify the set out (implantation) of the building on the ground and issues a certificate of conformity of the set out.

    7 days no charge
    7

    Request and receive sanitation inspection

    Agency: Service d’Hygiène ou de Sante

    According to Art. 9 of Ordinance 17, the Health Service will conduct a verification of sanitary facilities and issue a certificate of conformity.

    7 days no charge
    8

    Request and receive final inspection for the certificate of conformity and proof of development certificate

    Agency: Services Technique de la Mairie ou du Ministère des Infrastructures

    The final inspection for the certificate of conformity must be requested in person at the Ministry of Environment, Urbanism and Habitat. There will be an on-site visit. This certificate is necessary for the decennial insurance.

    30 days no charge
    9

    Request and obtain an inspection for the reevaluation of the property

    Agency: Commission pour la mise en valeur - Municipality

    BuildCo must inform the Commission Pour la Mise-en-Valeur that construction has been completed. There will be an on-site visit to determine the new property value. The report of the on-site visit will be examined by the 7 members of the Commission, and then transmitted to the Mayor for final signature. This certificat de mise-en-valeur is then transmitted to the Service des Domaines et du Timbre.

    1 day no charge
    10

    Register the building at the Service des Domaines et du Timbres

    Agency: Services des Domaines et du Timbre

    The fee is calculated as 4% of re-evaluated cost of the property.

    30 days XAF 893,217
    * 11

    Request water connection

    Agency: STE (Société Tchadienne de l'Eau)

    The request can be made either by sending a letter or in person. STE prefers a letter from a company, as it is more formal.

    1 day no charge
    12

    Receive on-site visit by STE for a cost estimate for water connection

    Agency: STE (Société Tchadienne de l'Eau)

    The on-site visit is done by STE to ensure that the location is correct, to check the road number, the zone, and the door number to determine which water connection will be used for this client.

    1 day no charge
    13

    Obtain water connection

    Agency: STE (Société Tchadienne de l'Eau)

    The cost will depend on the type of connection. The water meter will be a 3-cubic meter connection. The client has two connection options. The first type is the “collier de prise en charge" which is more expensive and costs about FCFA 110,000.00. The second type is “Une prise en T (inverse T)." The connection for the Doing Business case study will be the latter and the cost is about FCFA 60,000.00.

    93 days XAF 60,000

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Building quality control index (0-15) 11.5
    Quality of building regulations index (0-2) 1.5
    How accessible are building laws and regulations in your economy? (0-1) Free of charge; In official gazette; Not easily accessible. 0.5
    Which requirements for obtaining a building permit are clearly specified in the building regulations or on any accessible website, brochure or pamphlet? (0-1) List of required documents; Fees to be paid; Required preapprovals. 1.0
    Quality control before construction index (0-1) 0.0
    Which third-party entities are required by law to verify that the building plans are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-1) Civil servant reviews plans. 0.0
    Quality control during construction index (0-3) 2.0
    What types of inspections (if any) are required by law to be carried out during construction? (0-2) Inspections by in-house engineer; Inspections by external engineer or firm; Inspections at various phases. 1.0
    Do legally mandated inspections occur in practice during construction? (0-1) Mandatory inspections are always done in practice. 1.0
    Quality control after construction index (0-3) 3.0
    Is there a final inspection required by law to verify that the building was built in accordance with the approved plans and regulations? (0-2) Yes, final inspection is done by government agency. 2.0
    Do legally mandated final inspections occur in practice? (0-1) Final inspection always occurs in practice. 1.0
    Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2) 2.0
    Which parties (if any) are held liable by law for structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability or Decennial Liability)? (0-1)  Architect or engineer; Construction company. 1.0
    Which parties (if any) are required by law to obtain an insurance policy to cover possible structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability Insurance or Decennial Insurance)? (0-1) Architect or engineer; Professional in charge of the supervision; Construction company. 1.0
    Professional certifications index (0-4) 3.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional responsible for verifying that the architectural plans or drawings are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-2) Minimum number of years of experience; University degree in architecture or engineering; Being a registered architect or engineer; Passing a certification exam. 2.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional who supervises the construction on the ground? (0-2) Minimum number of years of experience; University degree in engineering, construction or construction management. 1.0