Ease of Doing Business in

Congo, Rep

Congo, Rep Download Profile (1898.8KB, pdf)
Region Sub-Saharan Africa
Income Category Lower middle income
Population 4,620,330
GNI Per Capita (US$) 2,540
City covered Brazzaville



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

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Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 177 176 down
40.58 41.07 down
Starting a Business 178 177 down
59.44 61.39 down
Dealing with Construction Permits 124 116 down
64.16 64.74 down
Getting Electricity 178 174 down
32.90 35.35 down
Registering Property 171 167 down
40.52 41.06 down
Getting Credit 118 109 down
40.00 40.00
Protecting Minority Investors 145 145
40.00 40.00
Paying Taxes 183 183
27.39 26.69 up
Trading across Borders 182 182
19.68 19.68
Enforcing Contracts 155 154 down
43.99 43.99
Resolving Insolvency 117 117
37.75 37.75

Positive=Doing Business reform making it easier to do business. Negative=Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank: 178

DB 2016 Rank: 177

Change in Rank: down1

DB 2017 DTF (% points): 59.44

DB 2016 DTF (% points): 61.39

Change in DTF (% points): up1.95

Indicator Congo, Rep Sub-Saharan Africa OECD high income
Procedure – Men (number) info_outline 11.0 7.8 4.8
Time – Men (days) info_outline 50.0 27.3 8.3
Cost – Men (% of income per capita) info_outline 61.2 54.0 3.1
Procedure – Women (number) info_outline 11.0 7.9 4.8
Time – Women (days) info_outline 50.0 27.5 8.3
Cost – Women (% of income per capita) info_outline 61.2 54.1 3.1
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita) info_outline 92.2 33.1 9.2
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

Deposit the legally required capital in a bank and obtain the deposit evidence.

Agency: Notary

The bank account deposit is only formalized after presentation of the RCCM and the NIU (Numéro d'Identification Unique). So in practice the minimum capital requirement is deposited with the notary.
1 day no charge

Draft and notarize the articles of association with the public notary

Agency: Notary

The notary prepares and legalizes the articles of association. The notary also issues the authenticated declaration of subscription and payment, which confirms that the entire initial capital has been deposited at the bank. Companies may choose to have the notary draft the articles of association. In this case, the articles would be drafted before the initial capital is deposited. The entrepreneur would then return to the notary to obtain the declaration of subscription (Déclaration notariée de souscription et de versement).
3 days XAF 300,000 notary fees + XAF 12,000 for stamps

Register articles of association with tax authorities

Agency: Fiscal authorities

The Minister of Finance of the Republic of Congo, through the adoption and implementation of the Fiscal Law 2012, abolished the cost for registering the articles of associations of a new enterprise with the tax authorities.
2 days no charge

Obtain extracts of criminal record of the company manager

Agency: Tribunal de première instance

This formality is done with the Court of First Instance.
1 day XAF 2,000

Register articles of association with the commercial registrar at the Clerk’s Office of the Court

Agency: Greffe du Tribunal de Commerce

To register the articles of association with the Commercial Registrar, the following documents are required:
• Identification of managers.
• Criminal record of the managers.
• Lease (copy).
• Notarized articles of association.
1 day included in procedure 6

Register with the Centre des Formalités des Entreprises

Agency: Centre des Formalités des Entreprises (CFE)

The Centre des Formalités des Entreprises (CFE) is a one-stop shop that centralizes several registration procedures. By registering with the CFE, the firm is also registered with the Chamber of Commerce and the Centre National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (CNSEE). Although the CFE also organizes commercial registration at the court, in practice, it is faster for companies to register directly with the court.
The Minister of Finance of the Republic of Congo, through the adoption and implementation of the Fiscal Law 2013, eliminated the requirement to obtain a merchant card to start operations.
14 days XAF 300,000

Register with the tax authorities

Agency: Centre d'Identification Unique

The LLC is registered with the CIU to obtain the NIU. Once this number is obtained, then the payment of the patente can be done. Time to obtain this NIU is very long and can take up to a month.
14 days included in procedure 6

Publish the notice of company formation in a legal journal

Agency: Journal officiel et La Semaine Africaine

Notice of company formation can be published, either in (a) the Official Gazette, with a 1-month turnaround; or (b) any legal journal, with a 1-week turnaround. The notice includes the company name, capital, and taxpayer identification number (TIN).
4 days (simultaneous with procedures 9, 10 and 11) XAF 50,000
* 9

Notify the Ministry of Labor (ONEMO) of the start of operations

Agency: ONEMO

Employee contracts must be certified by the labor authorities.
2 days (simultaneous with procedures 8, 10 and 11) no charge
* 10

Register with the Regional Direction of Labor

Agency: Regional Direction of Labor

All new businesses must register with the Regional Direction of Labor.
1 day (simultaneous with procedures 8, 9 and 11) no charge
* 11

Register with the Social Security Authorities

Agency: CNSS

To register with the Social Security Authorities, the following documents are required:
• Manager’s identification
• Employees' contracts, certified by the Ministry of Labor.
• Manager's commerce card.
• Copy of the lease.
• Notarized articles of association.

Social security contributions are paid one trimester in advance at the rate of 2.8% of the employee's salary and 3.2% of the employer's earnings.
14 days (simultaneous with procedures 8, 9 and 10) no charge

* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.