Ease of Doing Business in

Congo, Dem Rep

Congo, Dem Rep Download Profile (1800KB, pdf)
Region Sub-Saharan Africa
Income Category Low income
Population 77,266,814
GNI Per Capita (US$) 410
City covered Kinshasa



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 184 184
37.57 37.53 down
Starting a Business 96 85 down
85.49 85.49
Dealing with Construction Permits 114 129 up
65.89 62.43 up
Getting Electricity 175 180 up
33.59 33.37 up
Registering Property 156 141 down
46.60 49.93 down
Getting Credit 139 134 down
30.00 30.00
Protecting Minority Investors 162 162
36.67 36.67
Paying Taxes 177 176 down
40.12 40.12
Trading across Borders 188 188
1.26 1.26
Enforcing Contracts 171 170 down
36.06 36.06
Resolving Insolvency 169 169
0.00 0.00

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank:


DB 2016 Rank:


Change in Rank:


DB 2017 DTF (% points):


DB 2016 DTF (% points):


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Estimated value of warehouse CDF 19,340,389
City Kinshasa
Indicator Congo, Dem Rep Sub-Saharan Africa OECD high income
Procedures (number) info_outline 12 14.5 12.1
Time (days) info_outline 122 155.6 152.1
Cost (% of warehouse value) info_outline 6.2 7.6 1.6
Building quality control index (0-15) info_outline 7.5 7.2 11.3
  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

    Obtain cadastral extract

    Agency: Urban Survey Department and Cadastre (Divisions Urbaines des Titres Immobiliers et du Cadastre)

    BuildCo must obtain the survey map abstract which accompanies the plot occupancy deed.

    15 days USD 5

    Receive inspection before commencement of construction works

    Agency: Gouverneur de la Ville de Kinshasa

    Ministerial Arrete # CAB/MIN.ATUH/SG/MP/GHK/0001/2016 of March 16th 2016 introduced municipal inspections before and during construction.

    During this inspection of the construction site will be organized to check the ownership and whether there are other constraints, or charges on this lot. The authenticity of the property title and / or any other documents attached to the request for requesting a building permit will be checked as well.

    1 day no charge

    Obtain building permit

    Agency: Gouverneur de la Ville

    The building permit authorizes the company to erect a structure in durable or semidurable material, according to the zoning laws, irrespective of the intended use. The building permit is valid for 3 years and is renewable. The new Arrêté du Ministre de l’Urbanisme et Habitat n° 027/CAB/MIN.URB.HAB/CJ/AP/CEH/2012 du 3 mars 2012 has delegated the signature on the permit to the local authority.

    The documents required for a construction permits are as follows:
    • Leasing contract
    • Cadastral extract
    • Request for construction permit
    • Plan de situation échelle 1/2000
    • Plan de masse échelle 1/500
    • Plan de situation et d’implantation (rues, voisins, hauteur construction)
    • Plan exécution échelle 1/50

    30 days CDF 1,071,998

    Receive inspection during construction

    Agency: Gouverneur de la Ville de Kinshasa

    This second inspection is to check whether the construction is in compliance with the plans; whether the right construction materials are being used and whether the builder is respecting the schedule.

    1 day no charge

    Request and receive final inspection

    Agency: Gouverneur de la Ville de Kinshasa

    According to Article 19 Of the Arrêté ministériel n° CAB/MIN-ATUHITPR/006/2014 portant réglementation de l’octroi du Permis de construire en République Démocratique du Congo of 4 April 2014, BuildCo must request a certificate of conformity in writing. A notice acknowledging that the certificate of conformity has been applied for is issued to BuildCo. The Ministry will proceed with a final inspection to check if the warehouse is in compliance with the approved plans and according to existing urban law.

    1 day no charge

    Obtain the certificate of conformity

    Agency: Gouverneur de la Ville de Kinshasa

    30 days no charge

    Request a new property title at the Property Registry

    Agency: Conservateur des Titres Foncier et Immobiliers

    The Conservateur will first issue a «Note de Frais» to the attention of BuildCo. This note de frais must be delivered to the DGERAD agent located in the Property Registry. A “Note de Perception” is issued and must be paid at a commercial bank. Once payment is made at the bank, proof of receipt is delivered to the accounting department and a copy is given to the Conservateur.

    7 days USD 21

    Receive inspection of the property and obtain PV de mise en valeur

    Agency: Cadastre

    An agent will visit the property to check the mise en valeur and will establish a new cadastral map in the name of BuildCo to reflect the construction.

    15 days no charge

    Obtain the new property title

    Agency: Conservateur des Titres Foncier et Immobiliers

    The PV de mise en valeur (the new cadastral map) is given to the Conservateur, who will then issue the Property title. This cadastral extract, along with all other documentation, are signed by the Director of the Cadastre Division.

    7 days no charge
    * 10

    Apply to the water corporation for connection to the water mains

    Agency: REGIDESO

    The time required to connect to the water main depends on how far the building or land is situated from the water source. The time varies between one day and one week. The minimum fee is USD 100.00.

    1 day USD 100

    Receive inspection by water corporation and receive cost estimate

    Agency: REGIDESO

    1 day no charge

    Obtain connection to water mains

    Agency: REGIDESO

    14 days no charge

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Building quality control index (0-15) 7.5
    Quality of building regulations index (0-2) 1.5
    How accessible are building laws and regulations in your economy? (0-1) Free of charge; In official gazette; Not easily accessible. 0.5
    Which requirements for obtaining a building permit are clearly specified in the building regulations or on any accessible website, brochure or pamphlet? (0-1) List of required documents; Fees to be paid; Required preapprovals. 1.0
    Quality control before construction index (0-1) 1.0
    Which third-party entities are required by law to verify that the building plans are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-1) Licensed architect. 1.0
    Quality control during construction index (0-3) 1.0
    What types of inspections (if any) are required by law to be carried out during construction? (0-2) Inspections at various phases. 1.0
    Do legally mandated inspections occur in practice during construction? (0-1) Mandatory inspections are not always done in practice during construction; Mandatory inspections are done most of the time during construction. 0.0
    Quality control after construction index (0-3) 2.0
    Is there a final inspection required by law to verify that the building was built in accordance with the approved plans and regulations? (0-2) Yes, final inspection is done by government agency. 2.0
    Do legally mandated final inspections occur in practice? (0-1) Final inspection does not always occur in practice. 0.0
    Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2) 1.0
    Which parties (if any) are held liable by law for structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability or Decennial Liability)? (0-1)  Owner or investor. 0.0
    Which parties (if any) are required by law to obtain an insurance policy to cover possible structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability Insurance or Decennial Insurance)? (0-1) Construction company. 1.0
    Professional certifications index (0-4) 1.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional responsible for verifying that the architectural plans or drawings are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-2) University degree in architecture or engineering; Being a registered architect or engineer. 1.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional who supervises the construction on the ground? (0-2) University degree in engineering, construction or construction management. 0.0