Ease of Doing Business in

Congo, Dem Rep

Congo, Dem Rep Download Profile (1800KB, pdf)
Region Sub-Saharan Africa
Income Category Low income
Population 77,266,814
GNI Per Capita (US$) 410
City covered Kinshasa



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 184 184
37.57 37.53 down
Starting a Business 96 85 down
85.49 85.49
Dealing with Construction Permits 114 129 up
65.89 62.43 up
Getting Electricity 175 180 up
33.59 33.37 up
Registering Property 156 141 down
46.60 49.93 down
Getting Credit 139 134 down
30.00 30.00
Protecting Minority Investors 162 162
36.67 36.67
Paying Taxes 177 176 down
40.12 40.12
Trading across Borders 188 188
1.26 1.26
Enforcing Contracts 171 170 down
36.06 36.06
Resolving Insolvency 169 169
0.00 0.00

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank:


DB 2016 Rank:


Change in Rank:


DB 2017 DTF (% points):


DB 2016 DTF (% points):


Change in DTF (% points):


Price of electricity (US cents per kWh) 11.5
Name of utility Société Nationale d'Electricité (SNEL)
City Kinshasa
Indicator Congo, Dem Rep Sub-Saharan Africa OECD high income
Procedures (number) info_outline 6 5.3 4.8
Time (days) info_outline 54 120.4 76.2
Cost (% of income per capita) info_outline 15,264 3,872.5 62.5
Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index (0-8) info_outline 0 0.6 7.5
  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

    Hire electrical contractor to submit connection application, including the plans for the private substation, and await an estimate

    Agency: Société Nationale d'Electricité (SNEL)

    The application for electricity connection can be submitted online. The following documents have to be provided: Letter of intention, photocopy of identity card of the customer, photocopies of the cadastre documents, and the approval of the electricity connection of the warehouse. The documents do not need to be notarized. After submitting the documents, the customer has to wait for the external inspection and the estimate. For a medium voltage connection, the SNEL does not require the plans of the internal wiring.

    10 calendar days USD 59
    * 2

    Receive external site inspection by SNEL and receive estimate

    Agency: Société Nationale d'Electricité (SNEL)

    There is an external inspection of the warehouse by SNEL engineers in order to authorize and produce the quote for the new connection. Once the quote is received, the client pays it.

    4 calendar days USD 21,000

    Have electrical contractor build private substation

    Agency: Electrical Contractor

    A load of 140 kVA cannot be accommodated in this area by a simple hook-up and cannot be connected to the low-voltage network. The limit is 59.5 KW, or 112 Ampere. Therefore, the customer has to build a private substation to connect medium-voltage to low-voltage according to the regulation of SNEL. The customer has to buy all the material. He can buy it at any store of his choice. The works to build a substation cannot be done by a licensed electrician, but has to be done by a licensed electrical company. This company has to be licensed by the Ministry of Energy and by SNEL.

    30 calendar days USD 35,000
    * 4

    Obtain excavation permit from road authority

    Agency: OVD (Office de Voirie et Drainage)

    14 calendar days USD 2,500

    Receive external inspection of private substation by SNEL

    Agency: Société Nationale d'Electricité (SNEL)

    After the substation has been built, the customer - or the contractor - notifies the SNEL so that an inspection can be conducted. The purpose of this inspection by SNEL technicians is to check if the substation has been constructed according to security and environmental protection norms. The customer or the electrical contractor has to purchase the material for the connection and have it controlled by SNEL. A person representing the customer has to be present at the control.

    4 calendar days USD 0

    Receive external works and meter installation by SNEL and sign supply contract

    Agency: Société Nationale d'Electricité (SNEL)

    After the substation is approved by the SNEL, the SNEL comes to the site to do the external connection works and connect the substation to the network. The electricity has to be shut down during the connection works for the medium-voltage connection. The installation of the meter and connection works are done at the same time by the same department by SNEL. If meters are not available, the meter can be installed after the actual connection has been done. The electricity will start flowing after the supply contract is signed. The SNEL will also request from the client a security deposit which depends on the power demand of the client.

    10 calendar days USD 4,023.48

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index (0-8)
    Total duration and frequency of outages per customer a year (0-3)
    System average interruption duration index (SAIDI) 54.6
    System average interruption frequency index (SAIFI) 41.8
    Mechanisms for monitoring outages (0-1)
    Does the distribution utility use automated tools to monitor outages? No
    Mechanisms for restoring service (0-1)
    Does the distribution utility use automated tools to restore service? No
    Regulatory monitoring (0-1)
    Does a regulator—that is, an entity separate from the utility—monitor the utility’s performance on reliability of supply? No
    Financial deterrents aimed at limiting outages (0-1)
    Does the utility either pay compensation to customers or face fines by the regulator (or both) if outages exceed a certain cap? No
    Communication of tariffs and tariff changes (0-1)
    Are effective tariffs available online? No
    Link to the website, if available online n.a
    Are customers notified of a change in tariff ahead of the billing cycle? Yes
    Price of electricity (US cents per kWh) 11.5


    If the duration and frequency of outages is 100 or less, the economy is eligible to score on the Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index.

    If the duration and frequency of outages is not available, or is over 100, the economy is not eligible to score on the index.