Economy Characteristics

Doing Business uses a number of variables to characterize a country. Among them:

Gross national income (GNI) per capita
Doing Business 2014 reports 2012 income per capita as published in the World Bank’s World Development Indicators 2013. Income is calculated using the Atlas method (current U.S. dollars). For cost indicators expressed as a percentage of income per capita, 2012 gross national income (GNI) in U.S. dollars is used as the denominator. GNI data were not available from the World Bank for Afghanistan, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Brunei Darussalam, Djibouti, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Kuwait, Libya, Myanmar, New Zealand, Oman, San Marino, the Syrian Arab Republic, West Bank and Gaza, and the Republic of Yemen. In these cases GDP or GNP per capita data and growth rates from other sources, such as the International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook database and the Economist Intelligence Unit, were used.

Region and income group
Doing Business uses the World Bank regional and income group classifications. The World Bank does not assign regional classifications to high-income economies. For the purpose of the Doing Business report, high-income OECD economies are assigned the “regional” classification OECD high income. Figures and tables presenting regional averages include economies from all income groups (low, lower middle, upper middle and high income).

Population
Doing Business 2014 reports midyear 2012 population statistics as published in World Development Indicators 2013.

Additional development data and statistics are available from the World Bank. For main Doing Business indicators by economy, click on the economy name.

Regions
NameRegionIncomeGNIPopulationCity
East Asia & Pacific----8858.3----
Europe & Central Asia----9447.5----
Latin America & Caribbean----8156.4----
Middle East & North Africa----15398.4----
OECD high income----41015.9----
South Asia----2005.3----
Sub-Saharan Africa----2244----

AfghanistanSouth AsiaLow income62229,824,536Kabul
AlbaniaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income4,0903,162,083Tirana
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income4,11038,481,705Algiers
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income4,58020,820,525Luanda
Antigua and BarbudaLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income12,64089,069St. John's
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income9,74041,086,927Buenos Aires (Ciudad autonoma de)
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income3,7202,969,081Yerevan
AustraliaOECD high incomeHigh income59,57022,683,600Sydney
AustriaOECD high incomeHigh income48,1608,462,446Vienna
AzerbaijanEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income6,0509,297,507Baku
Bahamas, TheLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income22,833371,960Nassau
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income23,4771,317,827Manama
BangladeshSouth AsiaLow income840154,695,368Dhaka
BarbadosLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income16,152283,221Bridgetown
BelarusEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income6,5309,464,000Minsk
BelgiumOECD high incomeHigh income44,99011,142,157Brussels
BelizeLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income4,180324,060Belize City
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaLow income75010,050,702Cotonou
BhutanSouth AsiaLower middle income2,420741,822Thimphu
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income2,22010,496,285La Paz
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income4,6503,833,916Sarajevo
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income7,7202,003,910Gaborone
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income11,630198,656,019São Paulo
Brunei DarussalamEast Asia & PacificHigh income41,703412,238Bandar Seri Begawan
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income6,8707,304,632Sofia
Burkina FasoSub-Saharan AfricaLow income67016,460,141Ouagadougou
BurundiSub-Saharan AfricaLow income2409,849,569Bujumbura
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income3,810494,401Praia
CambodiaEast Asia & PacificLow income88014,864,646Phnom Penh
CameroonSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,17021,699,631Douala
CanadaOECD high incomeHigh income50,97034,880,491Toronto
Central African RepublicSub-Saharan AfricaLow income4904,525,209Bangui
ChadSub-Saharan AfricaLow income74012,448,175N’Djamena
ChileOECD high incomeHigh income14,28017,464,814Santiago
ChinaEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income5,7401,350,695,000Shanghai
ColombiaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income6,99047,704,427Bogota
ComorosSub-Saharan AfricaLow income840717,503Moroni
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaLow income22065,705,093Kinshasa
Congo, Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income2,5504,337,051Brazzaville
Costa RicaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income8,7404,805,295San José
Côte d'IvoireSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,22019,839,750Abidjan
CroatiaEurope & Central AsiaHigh income13,2904,267,000Zagreb
CyprusEurope & Central AsiaHigh income26,0001,128,994Nicosia
Czech RepublicOECD high incomeHigh income18,13010,514,810Prague
DenmarkOECD high incomeHigh income59,7705,590,478Copenhagen
DjiboutiMiddle East & North AfricaLower middle income1,523859,652Djibouti Ville
DominicaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income6,46071,684Roseau
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income5,47010,276,621Santo Domingo
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income5,19015,492,264Quito
Egypt, Arab Rep.Middle East & North AfricaLower middle income3,00080,721,874Cairo
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income3,5806,297,394San Salvador
Equatorial GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaHigh income13,560736,296Malabo
EritreaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income4506,130,922Asmara
EstoniaOECD high incomeHigh income15,8301,339,396Tallinn
EthiopiaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income41091,728,849Addis Ababa
FijiEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income4,200874,742Suva
FinlandOECD high incomeHigh income46,9405,414,293Helsinki
FranceOECD high incomeHigh income41,75065,696,689Paris
GabonSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income10,0701,632,572Libreville
Gambia, TheSub-Saharan AfricaLow income5101,791,225Banjul
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income3,2804,511,800Tbilisi
GermanyOECD high incomeHigh income44,01081,889,839Berlin
GhanaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,55025,366,462Accra
GreeceOECD high incomeHigh income23,26011,280,167Athens
GrenadaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income7,110105,483St. George's
GuatemalaLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income3,12015,082,831Guatemala City
GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income46011,451,273Conakry
Guinea-BissauSub-Saharan AfricaLow income5501,663,558Bissau
GuyanaLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income3,410795,369Georgetown
HaitiLatin America & CaribbeanLow income76010,173,775Port au Prince
HondurasLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income2,0707,935,846Tegucigalpa
Hong Kong SAR, ChinaEast Asia & PacificHigh income36,5607,154,600Hong Kong
HungaryEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income12,3909,943,755Budapest
IcelandOECD high incomeHigh income38,710320,137Reykjavik
IndiaSouth AsiaLower middle income1,5301,236,686,732Mumbai
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificLower middle income3,420246,864,191Jakarta
Iran, Islamic Rep.Middle East & North AfricaUpper middle income7,21176,424,443Tehran
IraqMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income5,87032,578,209Baghdad
IrelandOECD high incomeHigh income38,9704,588,798Dublin
IsraelOECD high incomeHigh income28,9307,907,900Tel Aviv
ItalyOECD high incomeHigh income33,84060,917,978Rome
JamaicaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income5,1402,712,100Kingston
JapanOECD high incomeHigh income47,870127,561,489Tokyo
JordanMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income4,7206,318,000Amman
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income9,73016,797,459Almaty
KenyaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income84043,178,141Nairobi
KiribatiEast Asia & PacificLower middle income2,260100,786Tarawa
Korea, Rep.OECD high incomeHigh income22,67050,004,000Seoul
KosovoEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income3,6401,806,366Pristina
KuwaitMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income45,8243,250,496Kuwait City
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaLow income9905,582,100Bishkek
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificLower middle income1,2606,645,827Vientiane
LatviaEurope & Central AsiaHigh income14,1802,025,473Riga
LebanonMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income9,1904,424,888Beirut
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,3802,051,545Maseru
LiberiaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income3704,190,435Monrovia
LibyaMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income12,7786,154,623Tripoli
LithuaniaEurope & Central AsiaHigh income13,8502,985,509Vilnius
LuxembourgOECD high incomeHigh income76,960531,441Luxembourg
Macedonia, FYREurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income4,6902,105,575Skopje
MadagascarSub-Saharan AfricaLow income43022,293,914Antananarivo
MalawiSub-Saharan AfricaLow income32015,906,483Blantyre
MalaysiaEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income9,80029,239,927Kuala Lumpur
MaldivesSouth AsiaUpper middle income5,750338,442Malé
MaliSub-Saharan AfricaLow income66014,853,572Bamako
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income19,760418,366Valletta
Marshall IslandsEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income4,14052,555Majuro
MauritaniaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,1103,796,141Nouakchott
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income8,5701,291,456Port Louis
MexicoLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income9,740120,847,477Mexico City
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.East Asia & PacificLower middle income3,310103,395Island of Pohnpei (Palikir/Kolonia)
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income2,0703,559,541Chisinau
MongoliaEast Asia & PacificLower middle income3,1602,796,484Ulan Bator
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income6,940621,081Podgorica
MoroccoMiddle East & North AfricaLower middle income2,94032,521,143Casablanca
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaLow income51025,203,395Maputo
MyanmarEast Asia & PacificLow income83552,797,319Yangon
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income5,6702,259,393Windhoek
NepalSouth AsiaLow income70027,474,377Kathmandu
NetherlandsOECD high incomeHigh income48,25016,767,705Amsterdam
New ZealandOECD high incomeHigh income38,2224,433,100Auckland
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income1,6505,991,733Managua
NigerSub-Saharan AfricaLow income37017,157,042Niamey
NigeriaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,430168,833,776Lagos
NorwayOECD high incomeHigh income98,8605,018,869Oslo
OmanMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income24,7653,314,001Muscat
PakistanSouth AsiaLower middle income1,260179,160,111Karachi
PalauEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income9,86020,754Koror
PanamaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income9,9103,802,281Panama City
Papua New GuineaEast Asia & PacificLower middle income1,7907,167,010Port Moresby
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income3,2906,687,361Asuncion
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income5,88029,987,800Lima
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificLower middle income2,47096,706,764Quezon city
PolandOECD high incomeHigh income12,67038,542,737Warsaw
PortugalOECD high incomeHigh income20,58010,526,703Lisbon
Puerto Rico (U.S.)Latin America & CaribbeanHigh income18,0003,667,084San Juan
QatarMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income78,7202,050,514Doha
RomaniaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income8,42021,326,905Bucharest
Russian FederationEurope & Central AsiaHigh income12,700143,533,000Moscow
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income56011,457,801Kigali
SamoaEast Asia & PacificLower middle income3,220188,889Apia
San MarinoEurope & Central AsiaHigh income59,36631,247San Marino
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,320188,098São Tomé
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income18,03028,287,855Riyadh
SenegalSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,04013,726,021Dakar
SerbiaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income5,2807,223,887Belgrade
SeychellesSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income11,64087,785Victoria
Sierra LeoneSub-Saharan AfricaLow income5805,978,727Freetown
SingaporeEast Asia & PacificHigh income47,2105,312,400Singapore
Slovak RepublicOECD high incomeHigh income17,1705,410,267Bratislava
SloveniaOECD high incomeHigh income22,7102,058,152Ljubljana
Solomon IslandsEast Asia & PacificLower middle income1,130549,598Honiara
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income7,61051,189,306Johannesburg
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaLow income65010,837,527Juba
SpainOECD high incomeHigh income30,11046,217,961Madrid
Sri LankaSouth AsiaLower middle income2,92020,328,000Colombo
St. Kitts and NevisLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income13,33053,584Basseterre
St. LuciaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income6,530180,870Castries
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income6,380109,373Kingstown
SudanSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,45037,195,349Khartoum
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income8,480534,541Paramaribo
SwazilandSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income2,8601,230,985Mbabane
SwedenOECD high incomeHigh income56,2109,516,617Stockholm
SwitzerlandOECD high incomeHigh income82,7307,997,152Zurich
Syrian Arab RepublicMiddle East & North AfricaLower middle income2,80322,399,254Damascus
Taiwan, ChinaEast Asia & PacificHigh income20,91023,262,000Taipei
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaLow income8608,008,990Dushanbe
TanzaniaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income57047,783,107Dar es Salaam
ThailandEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income5,21066,785,001Bangkok
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificLower middle income3,6701,210,233Dili
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaLow income5006,642,928Lomé
TongaEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income4,240104,941Nukualofa
Trinidad and TobagoLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income14,4001,337,439Port of Spain
TunisiaMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income4,15010,777,500Tunis
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income10,83073,997,128Istanbul
UgandaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income44036,345,860Kampala
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income3,50045,593,300Kiev
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income36,0409,205,651Dubai
United KingdomOECD high incomeHigh income38,25063,227,526London
United StatesOECD high incomeHigh income50,120313,914,040New York City
UruguayLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income13,5103,395,253Montevideo
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income1,72029,776,850Tashkent
VanuatuEast Asia & PacificLower middle income3,080247,262Port Vila
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income12,47029,954,782Caracas
VietnamEast Asia & PacificLower middle income1,40088,775,500Ho Chi Minh City
West Bank and GazaMiddle East & North AfricaLower middle income1,6794,046,901Ramallah
Yemen, Rep.Middle East & North AfricaLower middle income1,37723,852,409Sanaa
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,35014,075,099Lusaka
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaLow income68013,724,317Harare