Economy Characteristics

Doing Business uses a number of variables to characterize a country. Among them:

Gross national income (GNI) per capita
Doing Business 2015 reports 2013 income per capita as published in the World Bank’s World Development Indicators 2014. Income is calculated using the Atlas method (current U.S. dollars). For cost indicators expressed as a percentage of income per capita, 2013 gross national income (GNI) in U.S. dollars is used as the denominator. GNI data were not available from the World Bank for Argentina, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Brunei Darussalam, Djibouti, Kuwait, Libya, Myanmar, New Zealand, Oman, San Marino, the Syrian Arab Republic, and West Bank and Gaza. In these cases GDP or GNP per capita data and growth rates from other sources, such as the International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook database and the Economist Intelligence Unit, were used.

Region and income group
Doing Business uses the World Bank regional and income group classifications. While the World Bank does not assign regional classifications to high-income economies, regional averages presented in figures and tables in the Doing Business report include economies from all income groups (low, lower middle, upper middle and high income). For the purpose of the report, high-income OECD economies are assigned the “regional” classification OECD high income.

Population
Doing Business 2015 reports midyear 2013 population statistics as published in World Development Indicators 2014.

Additional development data and statistics are available from the World Bank. For main Doing Business indicators by economy, click on the economy name.

Regions
NameRegionIncomeGNIPopulationCity
East Asia & Pacific----9435.2----
Europe & Central Asia----9759.7----
Latin America & Caribbean----8608.4----
Middle East & North Africa----16665.1----
OECD high income----42216.2----
South Asia----2063.8----
Sub-Saharan Africa----2389.6----

AfghanistanSouth AsiaLow income70030,551,674Kabul
AlbaniaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income4,7002,773,620Tirana
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income5,29039,208,194Algiers
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income5,01021,471,618Luanda
Antigua and BarbudaLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income12,91089,985St. John's
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income11,376.2541,446,246Buenos Aires (Ciudad autonoma de)
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income3,7902,976,566Yerevan
AustraliaOECD high incomeHigh income65,52023,130,900Sydney
AustriaOECD high incomeHigh income48,5908,473,786Vienna
AzerbaijanEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income7,3509,416,598Baku
Bahamas, TheLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income23,488.68377,374Nassau
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income27,435.151,332,171Manama
BangladeshSouth AsiaLow income900156,594,962Dhaka, Chittagong
BarbadosLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income15,373.07284,644Bridgetown
BelarusEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income6,7209,466,000Minsk
BelgiumOECD high incomeHigh income45,21011,195,138Brussels
BelizeLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income4,660331,900Belize City
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaLow income79010,323,474Cotonou
BhutanSouth AsiaLower middle income2,460753,947Thimphu
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income2,55010,671,200La Paz
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income4,7403,829,307Sarajevo
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income7,7302,021,144Gaborone
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income11,690200,361,925São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro
Brunei DarussalamEast Asia & PacificHigh income39,942.52417,784Bandar Seri Begawan
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income7,0307,265,115Sofia
Burkina FasoSub-Saharan AfricaLow income67016,934,839Ouagadougou
BurundiSub-Saharan AfricaLow income28010,162,532Bujumbura
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income3,630498,897Praia
CambodiaEast Asia & PacificLow income95015,135,169Phnom Penh
CameroonSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,27022,253,959Douala
CanadaOECD high incomeHigh income52,20035,158,304Toronto
Central African RepublicSub-Saharan AfricaLow income3204,616,417Bangui
ChadSub-Saharan AfricaLow income1,02012,825,314N’Djamena
ChileOECD high incomeHigh income15,23017,619,708Santiago
ChinaEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income6,5601,357,380,000Shanghai, Beijing
ColombiaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income7,56048,321,405Bogota
ComorosSub-Saharan AfricaLow income880734,917Moroni
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaLow income40067,513,677Kinshasa
Congo, Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income2,6604,447,632Brazzaville
Costa RicaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income9,5504,872,166San Jose
Côte d'IvoireSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,38020,316,086Abidjan
CroatiaEurope & Central AsiaHigh income13,3304,252,700Zagreb
CyprusEurope & Central AsiaHigh income25,1901,141,166Nicosia
Czech RepublicOECD high incomeHigh income18,06010,521,468Prague
DenmarkOECD high incomeHigh income61,1105,613,706Copenhagen
DjiboutiMiddle East & North AfricaLower middle income1,594.79872,932Djibouti Ville
DominicaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income6,76072,003Roseau
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income5,62010,403,761Santo Domingo
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income5,51015,737,878Quito
Egypt, Arab Rep.Middle East & North AfricaLower middle income3,16082,056,378Cairo
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income3,7206,340,454San Salvador
Equatorial GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaHigh income14,320757,014Malabo
EritreaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income4906,333,135Asmara
EstoniaOECD high incomeHigh income17,3701,324,612Tallinn
EthiopiaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income47094,100,756Addis Ababa
FijiEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income4,430881,065Suva
FinlandOECD high incomeHigh income47,1105,439,407Helsinki
FranceOECD high incomeHigh income42,25066,028,467Paris
GabonSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income10,6501,671,711Libreville
Gambia, TheSub-Saharan AfricaLow income5101,849,285Banjul
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income3,5704,476,900Tbilisi
GermanyOECD high incomeHigh income46,10080,621,788Berlin
GhanaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,76025,904,598Accra
GreeceOECD high incomeHigh income22,53011,032,328Athens
GrenadaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income7,460105,897St. George's
GuatemalaLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income3,34015,468,203Guatemala City
GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income46011,745,189Conakry
Guinea-BissauSub-Saharan AfricaLow income5201,704,255Bissau
GuyanaLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income3,750799,613Georgetown
HaitiLatin America & CaribbeanLow income81010,317,461Port au Prince
HondurasLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income2,1808,097,688Tegucigalpa
Hong Kong SAR, ChinaEast Asia & PacificHigh income38,4207,187,500Hong Kong
HungaryEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income12,4109,897,247Budapest
IcelandOECD high incomeHigh income43,930323,002Reykjavik
IndiaSouth AsiaLower middle income1,5701,252,139,596Mumbai, Delhi
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificLower middle income3,580249,865,631Jakarta, Surabaya
Iran, Islamic Rep.Middle East & North AfricaUpper middle income5,78077,447,168Tehran
IraqMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income6,71033,417,476Baghdad
IrelandOECD high incomeHigh income39,1104,595,281Dublin
IsraelOECD high incomeHigh income34,1208,059,400Tel Aviv
ItalyOECD high incomeHigh income34,40059,831,093Rome
JamaicaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income5,2202,715,000Kingston
JapanOECD high incomeHigh income46,140127,338,621Tokyo, Osaka
JordanMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income4,9506,459,000Amman
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income11,38017,037,508Almaty
KenyaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income93044,353,691Nairobi
KiribatiEast Asia & PacificLower middle income2,620102,351Tarawa
Korea, Rep.OECD high incomeHigh income25,92050,219,669Seoul
KosovoEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income3,8901,824,000Pristina
KuwaitMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income47,639.043,368,572Kuwait City
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income1,2005,719,500Bishkek
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificLower middle income1,4606,769,727Vientiane
LatviaEurope & Central AsiaHigh income15,2802,013,385Riga
LebanonMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income9,8704,467,390Beirut
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,5502,074,465Maseru
LiberiaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income4104,294,077Monrovia
LibyaMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income11,046.376,201,521Tripoli
LithuaniaEurope & Central AsiaHigh income14,9002,956,121Vilnius
LuxembourgOECD high incomeHigh income71,810543,202Luxembourg
Macedonia, FYREurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income4,8002,107,158Skopje
MadagascarSub-Saharan AfricaLow income44022,924,851Antananarivo
MalawiSub-Saharan AfricaLow income27016,362,567Blantyre
MalaysiaEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income10,40029,716,965Kuala Lumpur
MaldivesSouth AsiaUpper middle income5,600345,023Malé
MaliSub-Saharan AfricaLow income67015,301,650Bamako
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income20,980423,282Valletta
Marshall IslandsEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income4,20052,634Majuro
MauritaniaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,0603,889,880Nouakchott
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income9,3001,296,303Port Louis
MexicoLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income9,940122,332,399Mexico City, Monterrey
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.East Asia & PacificLower middle income3,430103,549Island of Pohnpei (Palikir/Kolonia)
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income2,4603,559,000Chisinau
MongoliaEast Asia & PacificLower middle income3,7702,839,073Ulan Bator
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income7,260621,383Podgorica
MoroccoMiddle East & North AfricaLower middle income3,03033,008,150Casablanca
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaLow income59025,833,752Maputo
MyanmarEast Asia & PacificLow income868.7253,259,018Yangon
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income5,8402,303,315Windhoek
NepalSouth AsiaLow income73027,797,457Kathmandu
NetherlandsOECD high incomeHigh income47,44016,804,224Amsterdam
New ZealandOECD high incomeHigh income40,481.374,470,800Auckland
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income1,7806,080,478Managua
NigerSub-Saharan AfricaLow income41017,831,270Niamey
NigeriaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income2,760173,615,345Lagos, Kano
NorwayOECD high incomeHigh income102,6105,084,190Oslo
OmanMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income25,288.713,632,444Muscat
PakistanSouth AsiaLower middle income1,380182,142,594Karachi, Lahore
PalauEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income10,97020,918Koror
PanamaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income10,7003,864,170Panama City
Papua New GuineaEast Asia & PacificLower middle income2,0107,321,262Port Moresby
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanLower middle income4,0406,802,295Asuncion
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income6,39030,375,603Lima
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificLower middle income3,27098,393,574Quezon City
PolandOECD high incomeHigh income12,96038,530,725Warsaw
PortugalOECD high incomeHigh income20,67010,459,806Lisbon
Puerto Rico (U.S.)Latin America & CaribbeanHigh income19,2103,615,086San Juan
QatarMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income85,5502,168,673Doha
RomaniaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income9,06019,963,581Bucharest
Russian FederationEurope & Central AsiaHigh income13,860143,499,861Moscow, Saint Petersburg
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income62011,776,522Kigali
SamoaEast Asia & PacificLower middle income3,430190,372Apia
San MarinoEurope & Central AsiaHigh income57,300.9431,448San Marino
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,470192,993São Tomé
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income26,20028,828,870Riyadh
SenegalSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,07014,133,280Dakar
SerbiaEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income5,7307,163,976Belgrade
SeychellesSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income12,53089,173Victoria
Sierra LeoneSub-Saharan AfricaLow income6806,092,075Freetown
SingaporeEast Asia & PacificHigh income54,0405,399,200Singapore
Slovak RepublicOECD high incomeHigh income17,3905,414,095Bratislava
SloveniaOECD high incomeHigh income22,7502,060,484Ljubljana
Solomon IslandsEast Asia & PacificLower middle income1,610561,231Honiara
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaUpper middle income7,19052,981,991Johannesburg
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,12011,296,173Juba
SpainOECD high incomeHigh income29,18046,647,421Madrid
Sri LankaSouth AsiaLower middle income3,17020,483,000Colombo
St. Kitts and NevisLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income13,46054,191Basseterre
St. LuciaLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income7,090182,273Castries
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income6,580109,373Kingstown
SudanSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,13037,964,306Khartoum
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income9,260539,276Paramaribo
SwazilandSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income3,0801,249,514Mbabane
SwedenOECD high incomeHigh income59,1309,592,552Stockholm
SwitzerlandOECD high incomeHigh income86,6008,081,482Zurich
Syrian Arab RepublicMiddle East & North AfricaLower middle income2,80322,845,550Damascus
Taiwan, ChinaEast Asia & PacificHigh income21,62022,845,550Taipei
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaLow income9908,207,834Dushanbe
TanzaniaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income63049,253,126Dar es Salaam
ThailandEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income5,37067,010,502Bangkok
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificLower middle income3,5801,178,252Dili
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaLow income5306,816,982Lomé
TongaEast Asia & PacificUpper middle income4,490105,323Nukualofa
Trinidad and TobagoLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income15,7601,341,151Port of Spain
TunisiaMiddle East & North AfricaUpper middle income4,36010,886,500Tunis
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaUpper middle income10,95074,932,641Istanbul
UgandaSub-Saharan AfricaLow income51037,578,876Kampala
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income3,96045,489,600Kiev
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaHigh income38,6209,346,129Dubai
United KingdomOECD high incomeHigh income39,11064,097,085London
United StatesOECD high incomeHigh income53,670316,128,839New York City, Los Angeles
UruguayLatin America & CaribbeanHigh income15,1803,407,062Montevideo
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaLower middle income1,90030,241,100Tashkent
VanuatuEast Asia & PacificLower middle income3,130252,763Port Vila
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanUpper middle income12,55030,405,207Caracas
VietnamEast Asia & PacificLower middle income1,73089,708,900Ho Chi Minh City
West Bank and GazaMiddle East & North AfricaLower middle income1,664.84,169,506Ramallah
Yemen, Rep.Middle East & North AfricaLower middle income1,33024,407,381Sanaa
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaLower middle income1,48014,538,640Lusaka
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaLow income82014,149,648Harare