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Ease of Doing Business in

Egypt, Arab Rep

Egypt, Arab Rep Download Profile (1788.8KB, pdf)
Region Middle East & North Africa
Income Category Lower middle income
Population 91,508,084
GNI Per Capita (US$) 3,340
City covered Cairo

190

1

DB 2017 Rank

1

100

DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 122 126 up
4
56.64 55.18 down
1.46
Starting a Business 39 70 up
31
92.43 87.48 up
4.95
Dealing with Construction Permits 64 63 down
1
72.46 72.25 up
0.21
Getting Electricity 88 129 up
41
70.33 57.74 up
12.59
Registering Property 109 105 down
4
58.30 58.19 up
0.11
Getting Credit 82 78 down
4
50.00 50.00
-
Protecting Minority Investors 114 129 up
15
48.33 43.33 up
5.00
Paying Taxes 162 162
-
51.96 51.42 up
0.54
Trading across Borders 168 157 down
11
42.23 51.01 down
8.78
Enforcing Contracts 162 162
-
40.90 40.90
-
Resolving Insolvency 109 105 down
4
39.51 39.49 up
0.02

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank:

109

DB 2016 Rank:

105

Change in Rank:

down4

DB 2017 DTF (% points):

58.30

DB 2016 DTF (% points):

58.19

Change in DTF (% points):

up0.11

STANDARD PROPERTY TRANSFER
Property value EGP 1,302,301
City Cairo
Indicator Egypt, Arab Rep Middle East & North Africa OECD high income
Procedures (number) info_outline 8 5.7 4.7
Time (days) info_outline 60 30.5 22.4
Cost (% of property value) info_outline 0.5 5.9 4.2
Quality of the land administration index (0-30) info_outline 7 12.5 22.7
  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    Obtain property tax statement from the Tax authority

    Agency: Propety Tax Authority

    Prior to transferring any property, it is required to obtain an official property tax statement from the Property Tax Authority office. This tax certificate is part of this application at the Land registry. This is a national requirement based on the Law 114 of 1946. The purpose of this document is to serve as a proof that the property has undergone a tax assessment and is registered at the property tax authority.

    1 day EGP 2.25 (fast track option)
    2

    Request for registration presented by the buyer to the Real Estate Registry

    Agency: Real Estate Registry

    Following negotiations and an agreement on all material terms of the contract, the buyer pays the seller the requested price, and the buyer subsequently goes to the Real Estate Registry to request registration. At this juncture, the buyer pays the 2.000 EGP registration fee for the property over 300 m2. The request is subsequently internally transferred to the Egyptian Surveying Authority to complete a survey of the land.

    1 day EGP 2000 (registration fee)
    3

    Site inspection by the Egyptian Surveying Authority

    Agency: Egyptian Surveying Authority ("ESA")

    The Egyptian Surveying Authority inspects the property, conducts a survey, and prepares a report "Kashf El Tahdid" of its findings. The report contains a description of the property, its boundaries and its surface area. The report is subsequently delivered to the Measurement Department.

    15 days Paid in Procedure 2
    4

    Obtain the Measurement Department’s approval of the inspection report and the Real Estate Registry’s acceptance of the request for registration

    Agency: Measurement Department/Real Estate Registry

    Following the Egyptian Surveying Authority’s inspection, the report produced (called Kashf Tahdeed) must be approved by the Measurement Department. The entire report is then internally transferred to the Real Estate Registry for acceptance of

    (1) the inspection report and

    (2) the request for registration. The Real Estate Registry also conducts an engineering and legal review of the request and grants approval by stamping the documents “approved to be authenticated” (maqbul " مقبول للشهر "). The approved documents are then released to the parties. At this stage, the parties also obtain a special, stamped form from the Real Estate Registry, on which they will subsequently print their contract.

    21 days no cost
    5

    The final contract is presented to the lawyer’s syndicate for verification/ratification

    Agency: Egyptian Bar Association

    The parties’ lawyer drafts contract (called Mashroaa Mohrar) on the special form obtained from the Real Estate Registry. The parties/their lawyer subsequently deliver(s) the contract to the lawyers syndicate for verification: the lawyer who drafts the contract ascribes his syndicate identification number to the form, and the lawyers’ syndicate must verify/certify that the involved lawyer is indeed registered with the syndicate.

    1 day
    0.5% property value (but no more than EGP 5000)
    6

    Obtaining the Real Estate Registry’s approval of the contract (Mashroaa Mohrar)

    Agency: Real Estate Registry

    After collecting the contract from the Lawyer’s Syndicate, the parties then deliver the contract (Mashroaa Mohrar) to the Real Estate Registry for review and if it accepted, the documents will be stamped by the Real Estate Registry as “approved to be registered.”

    10 days no cost
    7

    Authentication before the Notary Public

    Agency: Notary Public

    After receiving the contract (Mashroaa Mohrar) stamped “approved to be registered” by the Real Estate Registry, the parties proceed before the competent Notary Public to sign and authenticate the contract.

    1 day no cost
    8

    The buyer delivers the contract to the Real Estate Registry for “legalization of the contract” and the registration number is delivered

    Agency: Real Estate Registry

    The buyer delivers the contract to the Real Estate Registry for review of the notarized contract. The Real Estate Registry will make a final decision as to the “legalization of the contract,” because the Registry retains the authority to suspend the contract notwithstanding its notarization. Once the Registry has granted its approval, a registration number is issued and the registration process is complete.

    10 days no cost

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Quality of the land administration index (0-30) 7.0
    Reliability of infrastructure index (0-8) 0.0
    What is the institution in charge of immovable property registration? Administration of Real Estate Publicity & Notarization
    In what format are the majority of title or deed records kept in the largest business city—in a paper format or in a computerized format (scanned or fully digital)? Paper 0.0
    Is there an electronic database for checking for encumbrances (liens, mortgages, restrictions and the like)? No 0.0
    In what format are the majority of maps of land plots kept in the largest business city—in a paper format or in a computerized format (scanned or fully digital)? Paper 0.0
    Is there an electronic database for recording boundaries, checking plans and providing cadastral information (geographic information system)? No 0.0
    Is the information recorded by the immovable property registration agency and the cadastral or mapping agency kept in a single database, in different but linked databases or in separate databases? Separate databases 0.0
    Do the immovable property registration agency and cadastral or mapping agency use the same identification number for properties? No 0.0
    Transparency of information index (0–6) 3.0
    Who is able to obtain information on land ownership at the agency in charge of immovable property registration in the largest business city? Anyone who pays the official fee 1.0
    Is the list of documents that are required to complete any type of property transaction made publicly available–and if so, how? Yes, in person 0.0
    Link for online access:
    Is the applicable fee schedule for any property transaction at the agency in charge of immovable property registration in the largest business city made publicly available–and if so, how? Yes, on public boards 0.5
    Link for online access:
    Does the agency in charge of immovable property registration commit to delivering a legally binding document that proves property ownership within a specific time frame–and if so, how does it communicate the service standard? Yes, on public boards 0.5
    Link for online access:
    Is there a specific and separate mechanism for filing complaints about a problem that occurred at the agency in charge of immovable property registration? No 0.0
    Are there publicly available official statistics tracking the number of transactions at the immovable property registration agency? No 0.0
    Number of property transfers in the largest business city in 2015:
    Who is able to consult maps of land plots in the largest business city? Anyone who pays the official fee 0.5
    Is the applicable fee schedule for accessing maps of land plots made publicly available—and if so, how? Yes, on public boards 0.5
    Link for online access:
    Does the cadastral or mapping agency commit to delivering an updated map within a specific time frame—and if so, how does it communicate the service standard? No 0.0
    Link for online access:
    Is there a specific and separate mechanism for filing complaints about a problem that occurred at the cadastral or mapping agency? No 0.0
    Geographic coverage index (0–8) 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the economy formally registered at the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the largest business city formally registered at the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the economy mapped? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the largest business city mapped? No 0.0
    Land dispute resolution index (0–8) 4.0
    Does the law require that all property sale transactions be registered at the immovable property registry to make them opposable to third parties? Yes 1.5
    Is the system of immovable property registration subject to a state or private guarantee? Yes 0.5
    Is there a specific compensation mechanism to cover for losses incurred by parties who engaged in good faith in a property transaction based on erroneous information certified by the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Does the legal system require a control of legality of the documents necessary for a property transaction (e.g., checking the compliance of contracts with requirements of the law)? Yes 0.5
    If yes, who is responsible for checking the legality of the documents? Registrar; Notary.
    Does the legal system require verification of the identity of the parties to a property transaction? Yes 0.5
    If yes, who is responsible for verifying the identity of the parties? Registrar; Notary.
    Is there a national database to verify the accuracy of identity documents? No 0.0
    For a standard land dispute between two local businesses over tenure rights of a property worth 50 times gross national income (GNI) per capita and located in the largest business city, what court would be in charge of the case in the first instance? Cairo (North or South) First Instance Court
    How long does it take on average to obtain a decision from the first-instance court for such a case (without appeal)? Between 2 and 3 years 1.0
    Are there any statistics on the number of land disputes in the first instance? No 0.0
    Number of land disputes in the largest business city in 2015:
    Equal access to property rights index (-2–0) 0.0
    Do unmarried men and unmarried women have equal ownership rights to property? Yes 0.0
    Do married men and married women have equal ownership rights to property? Yes 0.0