Ease of Doing Business in


Estonia Download Profile (1713.6KB, pdf)
Region OECD high income
Income Category High income
Population 1,311,998
GNI Per Capita (US$) 18,480
City covered Tallinn



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

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Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 12 11 down
81.05 81.01 down
Starting a Business 14 11 down
95.13 95.06 up
Dealing with Construction Permits 9 10 up
82.57 82.55 up
Getting Electricity 38 33 down
83.20 83.25 down
Registering Property 6 4 down
91.02 91.01 up
Getting Credit 32 29 down
70.00 70.00
Protecting Minority Investors 53 51 down
60.00 60.00
Paying Taxes 21 19 down
88.04 87.89 up
Trading across Borders 17 17
99.92 99.92
Enforcing Contracts 11 11
75.16 75.16
Resolving Insolvency 42 41 down
65.46 65.28 up

DB 2017 Rank:


DB 2016 Rank:


Change in Rank:


DB 2017 DTF (% points):


DB 2016 DTF (% points):


Change in DTF (% points):


Legal form Private Limited Company (osaühing or OÜ)
Paid-in minimum capital requirement EUR 2,500
City Tallinn
Indicator Estonia OECD high income
Procedure – Men (number) info_outline 3 4.8
Time – Men (days) info_outline 3.5 8.3
Cost – Men (% of income per capita) info_outline 1.2 3.1
Procedure – Women (number) info_outline 3 4.8
Time – Women (days) info_outline 3.5 8.3
Cost – Women (% of income per capita) info_outline 1.2 3.1
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita) info_outline 16.4 9.2
  • No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

    Check company name, submit the registration application to the Commercial Register and deposit initial capital

    Agency: Commercial Registry

    The entrepreneur can check proposed names online at www.rik.ee. The law provides that the company business name shall be clearly distinguishable.

    The costs of registration into the Commercial Register are EUR 145 for regular registration or EUR 190 for expedited registration.
    A separate registration with the National Social Insurance Board, which gets its information from the Estonian Tax and Customs Board, is not required. Health insurance in Estonia is through a compulsory scheme under which employers are obliged by law to pay social tax (the source revenue for health insurance) for their employees. The rate of social tax is 33% of the taxable amount. This tax must be paid by the tenth day of the month following the taxable period, and the corresponding tax return must be submitted to the local Tax and Customs Board office of the residence or seat of the payers of social tax by the same date.

    If the share capital is higher than EUR 25,000 the entrepreneur needs to deposit it in a bank. However, if the decided share capital is not over EUR 25,000, it can be established at the memorandum of association that the shareholders are not obliged to make pre-payments for the shares.

    In that case a shareholder does not make a payment for the share, it will be personally liable to the company in the amount of his/her unpaid share contribution. In the last year, 67% of the companies were founded without making pre-payments.

    In order to be able to use a start-up bank account (opened for paying in the initial share capital) for the company's day-to-day activities the management board member(s) of the company (after the incorporation process has been completed) has/have to personally apply (at the commercial bank) for transformation of the start-up bank account of the company into a regular current account.

    Less than one day (online procedure) EUR 145 regular registration or 190 expedited registration

    Register for VAT at the Estonian National Tax Board

    Agency: Estonian National Tax and Customs Board

    The company must register itself as VAT payer if the taxable turnover of the company, excluding imports of goods, exceeds EUR 16,000, as calculated from the beginning of the calendar year.

    The company’s management board must file an application for company registration, making the company liable for VAT with the Tax and Customs Board, within 3 days as of the date on which the taxable turnover of the company. Registration shall be completed by the Tax and Customs Board within 3 days of filing the application. Registration may be (and in the practice, often is) affected immediately after establishment.

    Starting January 1, 2009 the application for registration of the company as a taxable person can also be submitted electronically via the electronic system of the Commercial Register.

    3 days no charge
    * 3

    Register employees with the Employment Register

    Agency: Estonian Tax and Customs Board  

    On 1 July 2014 the amended Taxation Act establishing the employment register, where all the natural and legal persons that work are required to register the persons employed by them with the Estonian Tax and Customs Board, entered into force. Since that moment the employers are not required to submit the data on the employed persons to the Estonian Health Insurance Fund.

    Less than one day (online procedure, simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.