Trading across Borders in


Below is a detailed summary of the time and cost associated with the logistical process of exporting and importing goods. Under the new methodology introduced this year, Doing Business measures the time and cost (excluding tariffs) associated with three sets of procedures—documentary compliance, border compliance and domestic transport—within the overall process of exporting or importing a shipment of goods. In addition, the list of documents needed to trade internationally is provided below.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 190 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2016.

Compare Ethiopia to 189 other economies.

Characteristics Export Import
Product HS 09 : Coffee, tea, matï and spices HS 8708: Parts and accessories of motor vehicles
Trade partner Germany Japan
Border Galafi-Awshaf border crossing Galafi-Awshaf border crossing
Distance (km) 698 698
Domestic transport time (hours) 48 48
Domestic transport cost (USD) 550 529
Export documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Packing list
Export License
Export Bank permit
Fumigation certificate
Phytosanitary certificate
Customs Transit Declaration
Customs Export Declaration
Certificate of Origin
Import documents
Commercial invoice
Packing list
Certificate of origin
Bill of lading
Insurance certificate
Import license
Import declaration
Transit document
Bank permit
Tax Identification (TIN) Certificate
Agency Agreement
VAT Certificate