Gabon

Dealing with Construction Permits in

Gabon

Below is a detailed summary of the procedures, time and costs to build a warehouse in Gabon. This includes obtaining necessary licenses and permits, completing required notifications and inspections and obtaining utility connections.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 189 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2014. Read the methodology.

The indicator set on dealing with construction permits will be expanded in Doing Business 2016 to include an index that will measure good practices in construction regulation and assess the quality control and safety mechanisms in place for an economy’s construction permitting system, as well as the quality of the building regulations. This new index will become a component indicator of the ranking on dealing with construction permits. The new data were collected for 170 economies in 2014 and is available under the “Methodology Expansion” tab, below. The data are preliminary and do not have any impact on the Ease of Doing Business 2015 rankings. This data may differ from what will be published in Doing Business 2016.

Compare Gabon to 188 other economies.

  • STANDARDIZED WAREHOUSE

  • Estimated cost of construction: XAF 255,559,573
  • City: Libreville
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Buy 2 municipal stamps from City Hall to attach to building permit application
Agency: City Hall (Mairie)

Once BuildCo is ready to submit its building permit application, it must go to City Hall (Mairie) to purchase 2 municipal stamps (timbres fiscaux). These stamps cost FCFA 1,000.00 each and will be used to legalize the building permit.
1 day XAF 2,000
2 Request and obtain building permit at the Direction Generale de l'Urbanisme
Agency: Directorate General of Urban Planning (Direction Générale de l’Urbanisme)

The following documents must be provided: 5 copies of the building plan, one copy of the title, and other documents depending on the usage, the complexity and location of the project (fire report, plans safety and fire, soil studies, studies of environmental impact review of civil aviation etc.).
The application must include either a land title or a provisional decree, a certificate from the Directorate of Taxes which certifies that the company is currently in the process of obtaining a land title, with single copies of cadaster enough that a final deed of sale. The Commission shall verify among other things, that the plans have been designed by an architect who is a member of the National Order of Architects of Gabon.

The committee shall systematically reconvene as soon as there are 3 applications.
15 days XAF 240,000
3 Receive random inspection by City Brigade
Agency: City Brigade

In addition to the checks done by the Direction General de l’Urbanisme, 2 city brigades (one located in the south and one in the north of the city) will randomly check companies to ensure they are building legally. A project such as the warehouse assessed by Doing Business will likely receive 2 such random inspections.
1 day no charge
4 Receive random inspection by City Brigade
Agency: City Brigade

In addition to the checks done by the Direction General de l’Urbanisme, 2 city brigades (one located in the south and one in the north of the city) will randomly check companies to ensure they are building legally. A project such as the warehouse assessed by Doing Business will likely receive 2 such random inspections.
1 day no charge
5 Receive inspection after construction is completed by the Direction Generale de l'Urbanisme
Agency: Directorate General of Urban Planning (Direction Générale de l’Urbanisme)

When the construction is completed, a representative from the Direction générale de l’Urbanisme will inspect the warehouse to verify that it was built according to the plans.
1 day no charge
6 Obtain certificate of conformity
Agency: Directorate General of Urban Planning (Direction Générale de l’Urbanisme)

Without the certificate of conformity, BuildCo cannot start using the building.
14 days no charge
7 Receive on-site visit by the Cadastre for the "constat de mise-en-valeur"
Agency: Cadastre

The Cadastre will inspect the property to check that there is a building on the land (Constat de mise en valeur de la propriété). After that, they will issue a certificate of "mise en valeur."
10 days no charge
8 Register the property with the Land Registry
Agency: Land Registry

With the final decree (Decret final du certificat de mise en valeur), the owner will register the building with the Land Registry (Service des Domaines) and a property title is issued to the owner. The following documents must be presented at the Land Registry:
• Decret definitif (final decree)
• Survey of the land (plan de bornage definitif)
• Proces verbal definitif
120 days XAF 1,553,357
* 9 Apply for water connection
Agency: Société d'Electricité et d’Eaux du Gabon

1 day XAF 500,000
10 Receive water inspection
Agency: Société d'Electricité et d’Eaux du Gabon

1 day no charge
11 Obtain water connection
Agency: Société d'Electricité et d’Eaux du Gabon

30 days no charge
  * Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.
Answer
Building code/regulations
Which requirements to obtain a building permit are clearly specified by the building regulations (including the building code), any regulations dealing with construction permits or any accessible website, brochure or pamphlet? List of required documents to submit; Fees to be paid
Where are the building regulations (including the building code) or any regulations dealing with construction permits accessible? Available free of charge at permit-issuing authority
Quality control before construction
Which entities are required to verify that the architectural plans/drawings for a private construction are in compliance with existing building regulations? National order of architects/engineers; Government agency
Who is part of the committee or team that reviews and approves building permit applications in the relevant permit-issuing agency? Licensed architect; Licensed engineer
Quality control during construction
What type of mandatory inspections (if any) are required by law to be carried out during construction? Unscheduled inspections
Do legally mandated inspections occur in practice during construction? Mandatory inspections are done most of the time.
Quality control after construction
Is there a final inspection required by law to verify that the building was built in accordance with the approved plans and existing building regulations or is a final report / sign-off required by a supervising engineer? Yes
Do legally mandated final inspections occur in practice? Final inspection is done most of the time.
Liability/insurance regimes
Which parties (if any) are held liable by law for structural flaws/problems in the building once it is in usage? Architect or engineer; Professional or Agency in charge of the supervision
Which parties (if any) are required to obtain an insurance policy to cover possible structural flaws/problems in the building once it is in usage? The architect or engineer; Professional or Agency in charge of the supervision; The construction company
Professional certification and controls
What are the qualification requirements for the architect or engineer in charge of verifying that the architectural plans/drawings are in compliance with existing building regulations? Minimum number of years of practical experience; University degree in architecture or engineering; Be a registered architect or engineer
What are the qualification requirements for the professional who supervises the construction on the ground? University degree in engineering, construction or construction management; Be a registered architect or engineer; Be a building services engineer

  Please send any comments and inputs on the data above to rru@worldbank.org

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