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Dealing with Construction Permits in

Gabon

Below is a detailed summary of the procedures, time and costs to build a warehouse in Gabon. This includes obtaining necessary licenses and permits, completing required notifications and inspections and obtaining utility connections.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 190 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2016. Read the methodology.

Compare Gabon to 189 other economies.

  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    Buy 2 municipal stamps from City Hall to attach to building permit application

    Agency: City Hall (Mairie)

    Once BuildCo is ready to submit its building permit application, it must go to City Hall (Mairie) to purchase 2 municipal stamps (timbres fiscaux). These stamps cost FCFA 1,000.00 each and will be used to legalize the building permit.
    1 day XAF 2,000
    2

    Request the building permit at the Agence Nationale de l'Urbanisme

    Agency: Agence Nationale de l’Urbanisme, des Travaux Topographiques et du Cadastre (ANUTTC)

    BuildCo must request the building permit at the Agence Nationale de l’Urbanisme. First the application form must be bought. When applying, the following documents must be provided: 5 copies of the building plan, one copy of the title, and other documents depending on the usage, the complexity and location of the project (fire report, plans safety and fire, soil studies, studies of environmental impact review of civil aviation etc.).

    The application must include either a land title or a provisional decree, a certificate from the Directorate of Taxes which certifies that the company is currently in the process of obtaining a land title, with single copies of cadaster enough that a final deed of sale.

    The examination of the file is FCFA 50,000. Once the request has been approved, the file is transmitted to the City Hall for further examination.
    There is a site visit by the City Hall and the final approval is given. The cost is FCFA 50 000
    135 days XAF 205,000
    3

    Obtain the building permit from City Hall

    Agency: Municipality of Libreville

    The building permit application is reviewed by a committee of the building which includes 14 representatives and is chaired by the mayor. The Commission meets every Wednesday and usually works on 10 files each time. On average, the Commission received 15 applications a week. So if BuildCo submits an application on a Monday and among the first 10 applicants, the application will be considered during that week. Otherwise, the application will be discussed the following week. BuildCo can therefore provide between 3 and 10 days to see its application approved by the Commission. The Commission will verify, among other things, that the plans have been designed by an architect who is either a member of the Order of Architects of Gabon and is a graduate of one of the leading universities in the region. If the request is approved, the Head of Department will send a "be transmitted" to the cadastre asking him to conduct an inspection (implantation). The topographer will visit the proposed site for the construction and mark the location of the building on the lot to ensure that the plans conform to the plan of the lot (boundary plan) that was submitted. If the service manager sends the "be sent" a Thursday, it usually happens on Friday. The Cadastre will then send a bill for the establishment to the applicant. Zoning is one of the stages of the Commission's evaluation process that takes more time. There is no separate zoning process, but applicants must indicate in their application the usage of the building: residential, commercial or industrial purposes, and must verify that this is consistent with the zoning map Planning the city.
    15 days XAF 50,000
    4

    Receive random inspection by City Brigade - I

    Agency: City Brigade

    In addition to the checks done by the Direction General de l’Urbanisme, 2 city brigades (one located in the south and one in the north of the city) will randomly check companies to ensure they are building legally. A project such as the warehouse assessed by Doing Business will likely receive 2 such random inspections.
    1 day no charge
    5

    Receive random inspection by City Brigade - II

    Agency: City Brigade

    In addition to the checks done by the Direction General de l’Urbanisme, 2 city brigades (one located in the south and one in the north of the city) will randomly check companies to ensure they are building legally. A project such as the warehouse assessed by Doing Business will likely receive 2 such random inspections.
    1 day no charge
    6

    Receive inspection after construction is completed by the Direction Generale de l'Urbanisme

    Agency: Agence Nationale de l’Urbanisme, des Travaux Topographiques et du Cadastre (ANUTTC)

    When the construction is completed, a representative from the Direction générale de l’Urbanisme will inspect the warehouse to verify that it was built according to the plans.
    1 day no charge
    7

    Obtain certificate of conformity

    Agency: Agence Nationale de l’Urbanisme, des Travaux Topographiques et du Cadastre (ANUTTC)

    Without the certificate of conformity, BuildCo cannot start using the building.
    14 days no charge
    8

    Receive on-site visit by the Cadastre for the "constat de mise-en-valeur"

    Agency: Cadastre

    The Cadastre will inspect the property to check that there is a building on the land (Constat de mise en valeur de la propriété). After that, they will issue a certificate of "mise en valeur."
    10 days no charge
    9

    Register the property with the Land Registry

    Agency: Land Registry

    With the final decree (Decret final du certificat de mise en valeur), the owner will register the building with the Land Registry (Service des Domaines) and a property title is issued to the owner. The following documents must be presented at the Land Registry:
    • Decret definitif (final decree)
    • Survey of the land (plan de bornage definitif)
    • Proces verbal definitif
    120 days XAF 1,406,098
    * 10

    Apply for water connection

    Agency: Société d'Electricité et d’Eaux du Gabon

    1 day XAF 500,000
    11

    Receive water inspection

    Agency: Société d'Electricité et d’Eaux du Gabon

    1 day no charge
    12

    Obtain water connection

    Agency: Société d'Electricité et d’Eaux du Gabon

    30 days no charge

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Building quality control index (0-15) 5.0
    Quality of building regulations index (0-2) 0.0
    How accessible are building laws and regulations in your economy? (0-1) They must be purchased; Not easily accessible. 0.0
    Which requirements for obtaining a building permit are clearly specified in the building regulations or on any accessible website, brochure or pamphlet? (0-1) List of required documents; Fees to be paid. 0.0
    Quality control before construction index (0-1) 1.0
    Which third-party entities are required by law to verify that the building plans are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-1) Licensed architect; Licensed engineer. 1.0
    Quality control during construction index (0-3) 0.0
    What types of inspections (if any) are required by law to be carried out during construction? (0-2) Unscheduled inspections; No inspections are legally required during construction. 0.0
    Do legally mandated inspections occur in practice during construction? (0-1) Mandatory inspections are not always done in practice during construction. 0.0
    Quality control after construction index (0-3) 2.0
    Is there a final inspection required by law to verify that the building was built in accordance with the approved plans and regulations? (0-2) Yes, final inspection is done by government agency. 2.0
    Do legally mandated final inspections occur in practice? (0-1) Final inspection does not always occur in practice. 0.0
    Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2) 0.0
    Which parties (if any) are held liable by law for structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability or Decennial Liability)? (0-1)  No party is held liable under the law. 0.0
    Which parties (if any) are required by law to obtain an insurance policy to cover possible structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability Insurance or Decennial Insurance)? (0-1) No party is required by law to obtain insurance . 0.0
    Professional certifications index (0-4) 2.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional responsible for verifying that the architectural plans or drawings are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-2) Minimum number of years of experience; University degree in architecture or engineering; Being a registered architect or engineer. 2.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional who supervises the construction on the ground? (0-2) There are no specific requirements. 0.0