Gabon

Dealing with Construction Permits in

Gabon

Below is a detailed summary of the procedures, time and costs to build a warehouse in Gabon. This includes obtaining necessary licenses and permits, completing required notifications and inspections and obtaining utility connections.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 189 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2013. Read the methodology.

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  • Standardized Company

  • Estimated Warehouse Value: FCFA 422,695,000
  • City: Libreville
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Buy 2 municipal stamps from City Hall to attach to building permit application

Once BuildCo is ready to submit its building permit application, it must go to City Hall (Mairie) to purchase 2 municipal stamps (timbres fiscaux). These stamps cost FCFA 1,000.00 each and will be used to legalize the building permit.
Agency: City Hall (Mairie)
1 day XAF 2,000
2 Submit building permit to the Direction Generale de l'Urbanisme

The dossier has to contain:
• 5 copies of the building plan
• 1 copy of the title deed, and other supporting documents

The application has to include either a property title (titre foncier), a decret provisoire (issued for two years during which the applicant has to build something otherwise it never gets translated into a titre foncier).

The application also has to contain a number of technical documents such as a construction plan, location plan. The building permit application is reviewed by a Building Commission consisting of 14 representatives, including the Fire Department and is chaired by the Mayor. The Commission meets every Wednesday and usually considers 10 dossiers at a time.
Amongst other things, the Commission will check that the plans have been conceived by an architect who is either part of the Order of Architects of Gabon (l’ordre des architects) or has graduated from one of the reputable universities in the region.

If the application has been approved, the Chef de Service will forward the approved application directly to the cadastre to ask them to carry out the plan d’implantation. One thing that takes more and more time during the evaluation process of the Commission is zoning. There is no separate zoning process, but applicants have to indicate in their application whether the building is going to be for residential, commercial or industrial use and they will check against the master plan of the city.

Agency: Directorate General of Urban Planning (Direction Générale de l’Urbanisme)
30 days XAF 240,000
3 Receive random inspection by city brigade

In addition to the checks done by the Direction General de l’urbanisme, 2 city brigades (one located in the south and one in the north of the city) who check randomly companies are building legally. A project like this will likely receive 2 such random inspections.
Agency: City Brigade
1 day no charge
4 Receive random inspection by city brigade

In addition to the checks done by the Direction General de l’urbanisme, 2 city brigades (one located in the south and one in the north of the city) who check randomly companies are building legally. A project like this will likely receive 2 such random inspections.
Agency: City Brigade
1 day no charge
5 Receive inspection after construction is completed by the Direction Generale de l'Urbanisme


Agency: Directorate General of Urban Planning (Direction Générale de l’Urbanisme)
1 day no charge
6 Obtain certificate of conformity from the Ministry of Urbanism

Without the certificate of conformity, BuildCo cannot start using the building. It is issued by the cadastre.
Agency: Directorate General of Urban Planning (Direction Générale de l’Urbanisme)
14 days no charge
7 Cadastre visits the property for the "Constat de mise-en-valeur"

The Cadastre will inspect the property to check that there is a building on the land (Constat de mise en valeur de la propriété). After that, there is a Certificate of Mise en valeur.
Agency: Cadastre
10 days no charge
8 Register the property with the Land Registry

With the Final decree (Decret final du Certificat de Mise en Valeur), the owner will register the building with the Land Registry (Service des Domaines) and a property title is delivered to the owner. The following documents must be presented at the Land Registry:
• Decret definitf (Final Decree)
• Survey of the land (Plan de bornage definitif)
• Proces Verbal definitif

Agency: Land Registry
120 days XAF 2,556,170
* 9 Apply for water connection


Agency: Société d'Electricité et d’Eaux du Gabon (SEEG)
1 day XAF 500,000
* 10 Receive water inspection


Agency: Société d'Electricité et d’Eaux du Gabon (SEEG)
1 day no charge
* 11 Obtain fixed telephone line


Agency: Gabon Telecom
100 days XAF 250,000
* 12 Obtain water connection


Agency: Société d'Electricité et d’Eaux du Gabon (SEEG)
30 days no charge
* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.

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