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Resolving Insolvency in

Gambia, The

Below is a description of the time, cost and outcome of the most common insolvency proceeding in each economy under the case study assumptions, as well as the strengths and weaknesses in existing insolvency regulations in four areas: commencement of proceedings, management of debtor’s assets, reorganization proceedings and creditor participation.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 190 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2016.

Compare Gambia, The to 189 other economies.

  • Indicator Explanation Answer
    Recovery rate (cents on the dollar) 26.6
    Proceeding The most likely procedure applicable to our case study would be a foreclosure, as this is the fasted way for the bank to get paid. foreclosure
    Outcome No, the hotel will stop operating and Mirage assets will be sold piecemeal at a public auction upon the completion of foreclosure proceedings. piecemeal sale
    Time (in years) Foreclosure procedure under the Mortgages Act will take 2 years. Although it will not take very long to obtain a judgment for judicial sale of the mortgaged assets (3-6 months), it will take a long time to sell the assets (sometimes it takes longer than 2 years). 2.0
    Cost (% of estate) The costs associated with the case would amount to approximately 15% of the value of the debtor's estate. The main components of this total cost would be the attorney's fees, which would amount to 10% of the value of the estate, and fees of maintaining and selling the assets, which would amount to 5%. 14.5
    Answer Score
    Strength of insolvency framework index (0-16) 7.5
    Commencement of proceedings index (0-3) 3.0
    What procedures are available to a DEBTOR when commencing insolvency proceedings? (a) Debtor may file for both liquidation and reorganization 1.0
    Does the insolvency framework allow a CREDITOR to file for insolvency of the debtor? (a) Yes, a creditor may file for both liquidation and reorganization 1.0
    What basis for commencement of the insolvency proceedings is allowed under the insolvency framework? (c) Both (a) and (b) options are available, but only one of them needs to be complied with 1.0
    Management of debtor's assets index (0-6) 3.0
    Does the insolvency framework allow the continuation of contracts supplying essential goods and services to the debtor? No 0.0
    Does the insolvency framework allow the rejection by the debtor of overly burdensome contracts? Yes 1.0
    Does the insolvency framework allow avoidance of preferential transactions? Yes 1.0
    Does the insolvency framework allow avoidance of undervalued transactions? Yes 1.0
    Does the insolvency framework provide for the possibility of the debtor obtaining credit after commencement of insolvency proceedings? No 0.0
    Does the insolvency framework assign priority to post-commencement credit? (c) No priority is assigned to post-commencement creditors 0.0
    Reorganization proceedings index (0-3) 0.5
    Which creditors vote on the proposed reorganization plan? (a) All creditors 0.5
    Does the insolvency framework require that dissenting creditors in reorganization receive at least as much as what they would obtain in a liquidation? No 0.0
    Are the creditors devided into classes for the purposes of voting on the reorganization plan, does each class vote separately and are creditors in the same class treated equally? No 0.0
    Creditor participation index (0-4) 1.0
    Does the insolvency framework require approval by the creditors for selection or appointment of the insolvency representative? Yes 1.0
    Does the insolvency framework require approval by the creditors for sale of substantial assets of the debtor? No 0.0
    Does the insolvency framework provide that a creditor has the right to request information from the insolvency representative? No 0.0
    Does the insolvency framework provide that a creditor has the right to object to decisions accepting or rejecting creditors' claims? No 0.0