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Registering Property in

Georgia

Below is a detailed summary of the steps, time and cost involved in registering property in Georgia. It assumes a standardized case of an entrepreneur who wants to purchase land and a building that is already registered and free of title dispute.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 190 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2016.

Compare Georgia to 189 other economies.

  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    Register the purchaser’s title with the district Public Registry

    Agency: National Agency of Public Registry

    The sale purchase agreement is not required to be notarized, as of the amended Civil Code of March 2007, clause 183. The extract can be obtained by following ways:

    a) online,

    b) visit to the Registry and get it there,

    c) in case of registering property via authorized entities (banks, notaries or real estate companies) extract can be received on the spot.


    The new online registry of property was launched in 2007-2008. Online business registry was launched in 2010. Above-mentioned registers are unified under the Georgian National Agency of Public Registry - NAPR (www.napr.gov.ge), which is widely used. Registration fees may be paid at any commercial bank in Georgia. If registration is completed at the NAPR, the payment can be done with the bank representative, who is always presented at every NAPR office. Registration can be also conducted by an authorized users (all banks), notaries, real estate companies). In this registration fee is applied on the spot. Online payment of registration fee is also possible.


    All properties in Tbilisi have been systematically transferred into the electronic database. All the system operations are fully computerized, including Old Bureau of Technical Inventory files that have been scanned.


    The NAPR may conduct registration process and issue an Ownership Certificate (exctract) at the same day of submission documents, in 1 business day and in 4 days (ordinary registration procedure).


    The documentation shall include:

    (1) Sale and Purchase agreement

    (2) Copy of ID document of seller and buyer

    (3) Receipt confirming payment of Public Registry registration fee.


    It is also possible to submit the transaction at one of the 500 authorized users. These can be banks, notaries or real estate companies. These entities can verify the transaction and submit the purchase and sale agreement to the National Public Registry. The employees dealing with these transactions receive a training provided by the National Public Registry and a memorandum is signed between the National Public Registry and the entity. The most commonly used authorized users are banks.


    The authorized entity receiving the application will verify the identity of the buyer and seller, as well as the ownership of the property. Once the information is submitted though a specific software, the National public registry employee will verify again the ownership and the existence of the individuals (in the Civil registry database that they can access electronically) and process the transfer. Another software is used at this stage.


    Georgian legislation provides for the possibility of accelerated proceedings, therefore if the buyer wishes to register property transfer on the same day of submission of all necessary documents, the fee is respectively GEL 200. If registration is carried out on the day following the day of submission, the fee totals to GEL 150. GEL 50 is a fee paid for ordinary registration procedures, which take 4 business days following the submission of all required documents to the Public Registry. The payment is done at any commercial bank.


    There is also an option available to apply for an extract electronically via the Georgian National Agency of Public Registry (NAPR) website with fees being as follows: 1 working day - 10 GEL and at the day of application - 40 GEL.


    The 2% immovable property transfer tax has been abolished. A new Tax Code specifies “Income Tax” for physical persons and “Profit Tax” for legal entities in case of property sale, only if sale of property takes place within 2 years after its purchase and equals to 20% (for physical persons) and 15% (for legal entities) of the difference between purchase and sale price. These are capital gains taxes. If the sale of property takes place after 2 years since its purchase, physical persons are exempted from paying "Income Tax".

    Same day procedure - 1 calendar day

    1 business day (1-2 calendar days)

    Regular procedure (4 business days)
    Expedited procedure: Super fast procedure (1 calendar day) - GEL 200;

    1 business day (1-2 calendar days)- 150 GEL (including VAT (18%);

    Regular procedure (4 business days) is 50 GEL (including VAT (18%).


    There is also an option available to apply for an extract electronically via the Georgian National Agency of Public Registry (NAPR) website with fees being as follows: 1 working day - 10 GEL (including VAT (18%) and at the day of application - 40 GEL (including VAT (18%).

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Quality of the land administration index (0-30) 21.5
    Reliability of infrastructure index (0-8) 8.0
    What is the institution in charge of immovable property registration? National Agency of Public Registry under Ministry of Justice of Georgia
    In what format are the majority of title or deed records kept in the largest business city—in a paper format or in a computerized format (scanned or fully digital)? Computer/Fully digital 2.0
    Is there an electronic database for checking for encumbrances (liens, mortgages, restrictions and the like)? Yes 1.0
    In what format are the majority of maps of land plots kept in the largest business city—in a paper format or in a computerized format (scanned or fully digital)? Computer/Fully digital 2.0
    Is there an electronic database for recording boundaries, checking plans and providing cadastral information (geographic information system)? Yes 1.0
    Is the information recorded by the immovable property registration agency and the cadastral or mapping agency kept in a single database, in different but linked databases or in separate databases? Single database 1.0
    Do the immovable property registration agency and cadastral or mapping agency use the same identification number for properties? Yes 1.0
    Transparency of information index (0–6) 4.5
    Who is able to obtain information on land ownership at the agency in charge of immovable property registration in the largest business city? Anyone who pays the official fee 1.0
    Is the list of documents that are required to complete any type of property transaction made publicly available–and if so, how? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://napr.gov.ge/c/30
    Is the applicable fee schedule for any property transaction at the agency in charge of immovable property registration in the largest business city made publicly available–and if so, how? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://napr.gov.ge/p/455
    Does the agency in charge of immovable property registration commit to delivering a legally binding document that proves property ownership within a specific time frame–and if so, how does it communicate the service standard? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://napr.gov.ge/c/30
    Is there a specific and separate mechanism for filing complaints about a problem that occurred at the agency in charge of immovable property registration? No 0.0
    Are there publicly available official statistics tracking the number of transactions at the immovable property registration agency? Yes 0.5
    Number of property transfers in the largest business city in 2015: 186 957
    Who is able to consult maps of land plots in the largest business city? Freely accessible by anyone 0.5
    Is the applicable fee schedule for accessing maps of land plots made publicly available—and if so, how? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://napr.gov.ge/p/455
    Does the cadastral or mapping agency commit to delivering an updated map within a specific time frame—and if so, how does it communicate the service standard? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://napr.gov.ge/c/30
    Is there a specific and separate mechanism for filing complaints about a problem that occurred at the cadastral or mapping agency? No 0.0
    Geographic coverage index (0–8) 2.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the economy formally registered at the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the largest business city formally registered at the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the economy mapped? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the largest business city mapped? Yes 2.0
    Land dispute resolution index (0–8) 7.0
    Does the law require that all property sale transactions be registered at the immovable property registry to make them opposable to third parties? Yes 1.5
    Is the system of immovable property registration subject to a state or private guarantee? Yes 0.5
    Is there a specific compensation mechanism to cover for losses incurred by parties who engaged in good faith in a property transaction based on erroneous information certified by the immovable property registry? Yes 0.5
    Does the legal system require a control of legality of the documents necessary for a property transaction (e.g., checking the compliance of contracts with requirements of the law)? Yes 0.5
    If yes, who is responsible for checking the legality of the documents? Registrar; Notary.
    Does the legal system require verification of the identity of the parties to a property transaction? Yes 0.5
    If yes, who is responsible for verifying the identity of the parties? Registrar; Notary.
    Is there a national database to verify the accuracy of identity documents? Yes 1.0
    For a standard land dispute between two local businesses over tenure rights of a property worth 50 times gross national income (GNI) per capita and located in the largest business city, what court would be in charge of the case in the first instance? Tbilisi City Court
    How long does it take on average to obtain a decision from the first-instance court for such a case (without appeal)? Between 1 and 2 years 2.0
    Are there any statistics on the number of land disputes in the first instance? Yes 0.5
    Number of land disputes in the largest business city in 2015:
    Equal access to property rights index (-2–0) 0.0
    Do unmarried men and unmarried women have equal ownership rights to property? Yes 0.0
    Do married men and married women have equal ownership rights to property? Yes 0.0