Ease of Doing Business in


This page summarizes Doing Business 2015 data for Ghana. The first section presents the Ease of Doing Business rank (out of 189 economies) and the distance to frontier (DTF)** measure, overall and by topic. The second section summarizes the key indicators for each topic benchmarked against regional averages.

Economy Overview

Region Sub-Saharan Africa
Income Category Lower middle income
Population 25,904,598
GNI Per Capita (US$) 1,760
City covered Accra
Doing Business 2015 Rank Doing Business 2014 Rank*** Change in Rank
70 69 down -1

Doing Business 2015 DTF** (% points) Doing Business 2014 DTF** (% points) Change in DTF** (% points)
65.24 64.41 down 0.83
Positive=Doing Business reform making it easier to do business. Negative=Change making it more difficult to do business.

Starting a Business


The challenges of launching a business are shown below. Included are: the number of steps entrepreneurs can expect to go through to launch, the time it takes on average, and the cost and minimum capital required as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) per capita.

DB 2015 Rank 96 DB 2014 Rank*** 93 Change in Rank down-3
DB 2015 DTF** (% points) 83.73 DB 2014 DTF** (% points) 83.17 Change in DTF** (% points) up0.56

Information on new business density and number of newly created firms with limited liability can be found at Entrepreneurship Database.

Indicator Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa OECD

The total number of procedures required to register a firm. A procedure is defined as any interaction of the company founders with external parties (for example, government agencies, lawyers, auditors or notaries).

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Procedures (number)
8.0 7.8 4.8

The total number of days required to register a firm. The measure captures the median duration that incorporation lawyers indicate is necessary to complete a procedure with minimum follow-up with government agencies and no extra payments.

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Time (days)
14.0 27.9 9.2

Cost is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita. It includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law.

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Cost (% of income per capita)
19.2 56.2 3.4

The amount that the entrepreneur needs to deposit in a bank or with a notary before registration and up to 3 months following incorporation and is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita.

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Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita)
2.8 95.6 8.8
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Acquire a Tax Identification Number 2 days on average no charge
2 Check for availability of company name and submit company documents to obtain the certificate of incorporation 1 day see procedure details
* 3 A Commissioner of Oaths authenticates forms required for the certificate to commence business 1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) GHC 2-5
* 4 Obtain from the Registrar-General Department the certificate to commence business 2 days (simultaneous with previous procedure) 0.5% of the stated capital as commencement tax + GHC 10 (registration fee with Ghana Revenue Authority)
5 Deposit paid-in capital in an account 1 day no charge
6 Apply for business licenses at the Metropolitan Authority 7 days please see comments
* 7 Inspection of work premises by the Metropolitan Authority 1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge
8 Apply for social security 1 day no charge
  * Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.

**The distance to frontier score shows how far on average an economy is at a point in time from the best performance achieved by any economy on each Doing Business indicator since 2005 or the third year in which data for the indicator were collected. The measure is normalized to range between 0 and 100, with 100 representing the frontier. Read more...

***Last year's rankings are adjusted. They are based on 10 topics and reflect data corrections.

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