Ghana

Dealing with Construction Permits in

Ghana

Below is a detailed summary of the procedures, time and costs to build a warehouse in Ghana. This includes obtaining necessary licenses and permits, completing required notifications and inspections and obtaining utility connections.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 189 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2013. Read the methodology.

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  • Standardized Company

  • Estimated Warehouse Value: GHS 633,597
  • City: Accra
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Obtain Preliminary design approval in principle (PDAP).

Town and planning commission will be checking whether the zoning is correct, the height of the warehouse, the tracing of the layout of the warehouse, total occupied surface by the building, the set-back with regards to the main road, the fence line and the building line.
A receipt and a letter will be provided to the architect to enable a search at the Land Commission to prove the ownership.
Agency: Town and planning commission
45 days GHS 40
2 Conduct title search at the land Commission

Before the approval process commences at the Town and Country Planning Department (TCPD), the department must confirm that the land where the warehouse is to be located belongs to the applicant. To do so, the TCPD will provide the applicant with a letter to be submitted to the Land Title Registry/Land Commission along with the applicant’s site plan. The TCPD requires stamps from the Land Commission on its documents to prevent applicants from bringing in forged or outdated documents.
Agency: Land Commission
45 days GHS 55
* 3 Obtain fire protection report

The fire safety drawings are presented to the Fire Service Authority. The cost of the permit depends on the drawing and the project.
Agency: Fire department
14 days GHS 100
* 4 Obtain an Environmental Impact approval certificate

Environmental Protection Agency
Depending how complex the building is, an Environmental Impact Assessment Report, Hydro Report, Traffic Management Report may be required as well.
The following reports are requested. (i) An Environmental Impact Assessment report and the traffic management report are required


Agency: Environmental Protection Agency
7 days GHS 700
5 Apply for building permit with the Town and Country Planning Department

Once the Preliminary approval has been obtained, the architect will submit all drawing and all reports to the Town and Country Planning Commission:
- 4 sets of drawings, including the septic tank drawings
- Fire permit
- Soil report – not applicable for Doing Business case study
- Structural Assessment for 3 storeys or more building - not applicable for Doing Business case study
- Copy of the title certificate and the form from the Land commission showing correct ownership.
- EPA clearance certificate – for all development
- Traffic management report – when applicable (mostly for big development in downtown Accra).
- Obtain approval of architectural and engineering design

The TCPD has been decentralized, so the local level in Accra is part of the Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA). So, to start the approval process for the building permit, a technical committee is set up by the TCPD, including other officials within the AMA. After the technical examination, a recommendation is made to the Statutory Planning Committee (SPC). The SPC is an intergovernmental committee made up of officials from the TCPD, works department, land commission survey department, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Survey Department, the Fire Service, and utility companies who meet periodically to approve building permits. They are required by law to have reviewed the application within 3 months after it is submitted and to inform the applicant of their decision.
The Town planning will send the request for the construction permit to the Works department.

The amount of the processing fees will be given to the applicant and the time limit of 3 months starts at soon as the processing fees has been paid both for the development permit and the construction permit.

There will be a joint inspection by TCPD and the Works department, and each department will issue their own recommendations.

Note: this is a joint process by the TCPD and the Engineering Department

The fee schedule for the building permit is as follows: 0.625% of construction cost + processing fee of GH$ 50 for the development permit + GHS 84 + 30% of GHS 66 per gross floor area of 5000 square ft for the construction permit


Agency: Town and Country Planning Department/ Works Department
90 days GHS 4,149
6 Receive inspection after foundation has been laid

Inspections are to be carried out by the building inspectors at the end of each phase of the building: foundation, floor level, lintel, roofing, and finishing. Special coupons are provided when the building permit is granted, and the builder is supposed to send the appropriate coupon to the authorities informing them of the completion of that phase so that an inspection can be conducted. In practice this is rarely done. However, building inspectors are regularly sent to inspect buildings under construction.
Agency: Building Inspectorate
1 day no charge
7 Receive inspection after floor level has been finished

Inspections are to be carried out by the building inspectors at the end of each phase of the building: foundation, floor level, lintel, roofing, and finishing. Special coupons are provided when the building permit is granted, and the builder is supposed to send the appropriate coupon to the authorities informing them of the completion of that phase so that an inspection can be conducted. In practice this is rarely done. However, building inspectors are regularly sent to inspect buildings under construction.
Agency: Building Inspectorate
1 day no charge
8 Receive inspection after lintel has been finished

Inspections are to be carried out by the building inspectors at the end of each phase of the building: foundation, floor level, lintel, roofing, and finishing. Special coupons are provided when the building permit is granted, and the builder is supposed to send the appropriate coupon to the authorities informing them of the completion of that phase so that an inspection can be conducted. In practice this is rarely done. However, building inspectors are regularly sent to inspect buildings under construction.
Agency: Building Inspectorate
1 day no charge
9 Receive inspection after roofing has been finished

Inspections are to be carried out by the building inspectors at the end of each phase of the building: foundation, floor level, lintel, roofing, and finishing. Special coupons are provided when the building permit is granted, and the builder is supposed to send the appropriate coupon to the authorities informing them of the completion of that phase so that an inspection can be conducted. In practice this is rarely done. However, building inspectors are regularly sent to inspect buildings under construction
Agency: Building Inspectorate
1 day no charge
10 Obtain Certificate of habitation/Occupancy

This request is not mandatory and it happens that owner do not request this inspection. The builder will inform the Building inspectorate about the end of the construction and a joint committee will inspect the building to determine if it was constructed according to the approved plans. If this is not the case, then the architect will have to file again the plans of the building as it has been constructed.
Agency: Building Inspectorate
30 days GHS 1,037
11 Request water connection

Request water connection from Ghana Water Company depending on the location of the warehouse.


Agency: Ghana Water Company Ltd.
1 day no charge
* 12 Request phone connection

Submit an online application for the telephone. However, Vodafone only sells package for fixed line and broadband internet access. There is a 3 months payment upfront and monthly fees are GHS 350 for businesses.
Agency: Vodafone
0.5 days no charge
* 13 Obtain inspection from Ghana water company

An inspection of the construction site to determine the cost is conducted and an estimate is providing to the applicant. Water will be connected only after payment has been done.
Agency: Ghana Water Company Ltd.
1 day no charge
* 14 Obtain water connection


Agency: Ghana Water Company Ltd.
30 days GHS 1,000
* 15 Obtain telephone connection


Agency: Vodafone
15 days no charge
* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.

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