Trading Across Borders in


Below is a detailed summary of the time and cost associated with the logistical process of exporting and importing goods. Under the new methodology introduced this year, Doing Business measures the time and cost (excluding tariffs) associated with three sets of procedures—documentary compliance, border compliance and domestic transport—within the overall process of exporting or importing a shipment of goods. In addition, the list of documents needed to trade internationally is provided below.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 189 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2015.

Compare Ghana to 188 other economies.

Characteristics Export Import
Product HS 08: Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons HS 8708: Parts and accessories of motor vehicles
Trade partner India Belgium
Border Tema port Tema port
Distance (km) 36 36
Domestic transport time (hours) 3 4
Domestic transport cost (USD) 487 480
Domestic transport speed (km/hour) 10.8 8.1
Domestic transport cost per distance (USD/km) 13.5 13.3
Export documents
Bill of lading
Cargo release order
Commercial invoice
Export Declaration
Export License
Non-traditional export form
Packing list
Quality Control Certificate
Terminal handling receipt
Import documents
Bill of lading
Cargo Release Order
Commercial invoice
Delivery order
Final Classification and Valuation Report (FCVR)
Import declaration form (IDF)
Import License
Packing list
Technical Standard Certificate
Terminal Handling Receipts

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