Ease of Doing Business in


Haiti Download Profile (1719.3KB, pdf)
Region Latin America & Caribbean
Income Category Low income
Population 10,711,067
GNI Per Capita (US$) 820
City covered Port au Prince



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

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Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 181 180 down
38.66 38.51 down
Starting a Business 188 189 up
33.61 33.53 up
Dealing with Construction Permits 166 166
53.76 52.86 up
Getting Electricity 139 139
54.82 55.04 down
Registering Property 180 180
32.10 32.00 up
Getting Credit 175 174 down
10.00 10.00
Protecting Minority Investors 188 188
20.00 20.00
Paying Taxes 159 158 down
53.10 53.10
Trading across Borders 76 77 up
76.69 76.08 up
Enforcing Contracts 123 123
52.49 52.49
Resolving Insolvency 169 169
0.00 0.00

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank:


DB 2016 Rank:


Change in Rank:


DB 2017 DTF (% points):


DB 2016 DTF (% points):


Change in DTF (% points):


Legal form Société Anonyme
Paid-in minimum capital requirement HTG 6,250
City Port au Prince
Indicator Haiti Latin America & Caribbean OECD high income
Procedure – Men (number) info_outline 12 8.3 4.8
Time – Men (days) info_outline 97 31.6 8.3
Cost – Men (% of income per capita) info_outline 219.3 31.5 3.1
Procedure – Women (number) info_outline 12 8.3 4.8
Time – Women (days) info_outline 97 31.6 8.3
Cost – Women (% of income per capita) info_outline 219.3 31.5 3.1
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita) info_outline 15.5 2.3 9.2
  • No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

    Prepare the company statutes ( Articles and Memorandum of Association)

    Agency: Lawyer

    The lawyer charges approximately HTG 30,000 for the drafting of the company statutes in the case of a Société Anonyme. Prices can vary depending on the lawyer.

    10 days HTG 30,000

    Notarize the company deeds and articles of association

    Agency: Notary

    The notary public must hand-write and notarize the documents at a fee of between HTG 15,000 and HTG 25,000 depending on the complexity of the service.

    7 days HTG 15,000 - HTG 25,000

    Deposit the legally required initial capital in the National Bank and obtain deposit evidence

    Agency: National Bank

    The lawyer deposits the legally required initial capital in the National Bank (Banque Nationale de Credit) and obtains proof of deposit. A certified check need to be used to pay in the National Bank, where proof of payment is provided.

    1 day no charge

    Register the statutes with the Direction Générale des Impôts (DGI)

    Agency: Direction Générale des Impôts (DGI)

    The notary pays the registration fees at the Tax Office (DGI) and proof of payment is obtained.

    1 day included in the notary fees

    Registration with the Commercial Registry at the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and obtain the authorization of operations (Droit de fonctionnement)

    Agency: Ministry of Commerce and Industry and Le Moniteur (Journal Officiel)

    Lawyer submits the dossier for registration at the Ministry of Commerce and a request for the ‘avis de fonctionnement’.
    When the Ministry of Commerce has processed the application and registered the company, it forwards the file to the Moniteur for publication.
    Firms can begin operations before the publication, as soon as they receive authorization from the Ministry of Commerce.
    Since May 2009, the company’s articles of incorporation do not need to be approved by the Prime Minister’s office and the Presidency before they can be published in the Official Journal. This process takes about 60 days.
    The cost depends on the number of pages of the act of constitution:
    2 to 9 pages: HTG 5,000
    10 to 25 pages: HTG 20,000
    26 to x pages: HTG 35,000.

    78 days on average HTG 1,500 for registration + HTG 250 (frais de dossier) + HTG 25 (vignette bleue) + HTG 20,000 for publication in Le Moniteur (10-25 pages)
    * 6

    Obtain the Tax ID number (numero d’identification fiscale -NIF) from the Tax authorities (DGI), pay fees, and obtain certificate of patente

    Agency: DGI

    The company must file a form at the Tax Bureau (DGI) and provide an opening balance sheet on which corporate taxes will be based. A 2% tax is levied on a corporation’s initial capital, payable annually. A company must pay the “tax on share” (taxe sur action) of 0.3% per share, which will be assessed each year, and a "right of operating" tax (droit de fonctionnement) of HTG 1500 payable annually, and HTG 1500 5 to obtain the professional identity card ("carte d’identite professionelle").

    15 days (simultaneous with previous procedure) HTG 50 (tax ID card) + 2% of initial capital + 0.3% per share + HTG 102 (droit de fonctionnement) + HTG 5 (taxe carte d’identite professionelle)
    * 7

    Obtain the “Carte d’Identite Professionelle” from the Ministry of Commerce

    Agency: Ministry of Commerce

    According to Article 2 of the “Décret du 26 septembre 1960 réglementant l’exercice de la profession de commercant”, all commercial entities are required to hold a “carte d’identité professionnelle”. After the payment of fees at the DGI and obtaining the business permit ("certificat de patente"), the entrepreneur will obtain the “carte d’identité professionnelle” at the Ministry of Commerce.

    17 days on average (simultaneous with previous procedure) cost included in procedure 5
    * 8

    Obtain special commercial books

    Agency: Commercial Registry

    The special commercial books are purchased and prepared by an accountant.

    2 days (simultaneous with previous procedure) HTG 5,000
    * 9

    Notification to the Labor Ministry about hiring

    Agency: Labor Ministry

    Companies must submit a declaration on the hiring of personnel to the Labor Direction within 8 days of opening.

    1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge
    * 10

    Legalize the commercial books

    Agency: Court

    Books are legalized by the Dean of the first instance court (Doyen du Tribunal). Each page must be sealed by the Dean of the civil court and the books must be sealed at the DGI (Direction Generale des Impots).

    7 days (simultaneous with previous procedure) HTG 1,000
    * 11

    Register for social security (OFATMA)

    Agency: Insurance Office

    The company must register with the Insurance Office for Occupational Injury, Sickness, and Maternity (OFATMA) within 15 days of opening and provide the names of all its employees (up to 6% of monthly salary is contributed by the employer to social security).

    1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge
    * 12

    Register for Retirement Insurance Office (ONA)

    Agency: Retirement Office

    The company must register with the Retirement Insurance Office (ONA) within 15 days of opening and provide the name of all its employees.

    1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.