Ease of Doing Business in


This page summarizes Doing Business 2015 data for India. The first section presents the Ease of Doing Business rank (out of 189 economies) and the distance to frontier (DTF)** measure, overall and by topic. The second section summarizes the key indicators for each topic benchmarked against regional averages.

Economy Overview

Region South Asia
Income Category Lower middle income
Population 1,252,139,596
GNI Per Capita (US$) 1,570
City covered Mumbai, Delhi
Doing Business 2015 Rank Doing Business 2014 Rank*** Change in Rank
142 140 down -2

Doing Business 2015 DTF** (% points) Doing Business 2014 DTF** (% points) Change in DTF** (% points)
53.97 52.78 down 1.19
Positive=Doing Business reform making it easier to do business. Negative=Change making it more difficult to do business.

Subnational Data

Starting a Business


The challenges of launching a business are shown below. Included are: the number of steps entrepreneurs can expect to go through to launch, the time it takes on average, and the cost and minimum capital required as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) per capita.

DB 2015 DTF** (% points) 65.95 DB 2014 DTF** (% points) 64.72 Change in DTF** (% points) up1.23

Information on new business density and number of newly created firms with limited liability can be found at Entrepreneurship Database.

Indicator Mumbai South Asia OECD

The total number of procedures required to register a firm. A procedure is defined as any interaction of the company founders with external parties (for example, government agencies, lawyers, auditors or notaries).

View methodology
Procedures (number)
13.0 7.9 4.8

The total number of days required to register a firm. The measure captures the median duration that incorporation lawyers indicate is necessary to complete a procedure with minimum follow-up with government agencies and no extra payments.

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Time (days)
30.0 16.0 9.2

Cost is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita. It includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law.

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Cost (% of income per capita)
16.3 14.6 3.4

The amount that the entrepreneur needs to deposit in a bank or with a notary before registration and up to 3 months following incorporation and is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita.

View methodology
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita)
111.2 14.2 8.8
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Obtain director identification number (DIN) online 1 day INR 100
2 Obtain a digital signature certificate 1 day INR 400 to INR 2,650
3 Reserve the company name with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) online 2 days INR 1,000
4 Pay stamp duties online, file all incorporation forms and documents online and obtain the certificate of incorporation 5 days on average see comments
5 Request and obtain Certificate to Commence Operation 5 days INR 400 for a company with capital between INR 500,000-2,499,999
* 6 Make a seal 1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) INR 350-500
7 Obtain a Permanent Account Number (PAN) from an authorized franchise or agent appointed by National Securities Depository Services Limited (NSDL) or Unit Trust of India (UTI) 7 days INR 93
* 8 Register with Employees' Provident Fund Organization 12 days, simultaneous with previous procedure no charge
* 9 Register for VAT online 10 days, simultaneous with previous procedure INR 500 (Registration Fee) + INR 25 (Stamp Duty) for compulsory VAT registration
* 10 Register for medical insurance (ESIC) 9 days, simultaneous with previous procedure no charge
* 11 Obtain a tax account number for income taxes deducted at source from the Assessing Office in the Mumbai Income Tax Department 7 days, simultaneous with previous procedure INR 55 application fee
12 Register with Office of Inspector, Mumbai Shops and Establishment Act 2 days INR 1,200 (registration fee) + 3 times registration fee for Trade Refuse Charges (INR 3,600)
* 13 Register for profession tax 2 days, simultaneous with previous procedure no charge
  * Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.

**The distance to frontier score shows how far on average an economy is at a point in time from the best performance achieved by any economy on each Doing Business indicator since 2005 or the third year in which data for the indicator were collected. The measure is normalized to range between 0 and 100, with 100 representing the frontier. Read more...

***Last year's rankings are adjusted. They are based on 10 topics and reflect data corrections.

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