India

Starting a Business in

New Delhi - India

Below is a detailed summary of the bureaucratic and legal hurdles an entrepreneur must overcome in order to incorporate and register a new firm, along with their associated time and set-up costs. It examines the procedures, time and cost involved in launching a commercial or industrial firm with up to 50 employees and start-up capital of 10 times the economy's per-capita gross national income.

The information appearing on this page was collected as part of the Doing Business subnational project in India. Download this Doing Business report or explore other cities and topics.

  • Legal form: Limited Liability Company (LLC)
  • Paid in minimum capital requirement: none
  • City: New Delhi
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Obtain director identification number (DIN) online from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs portal (National)


The applicant is required to fill out and submit Form DIN-1 to obtain the provisional DIN. This form is available online on the Ministry of Corporate Affairs 21st Century (MCA 21) portal (www.mca.gov.in). The provisional DIN is immediately issued. The applicant is also required to pay an application fee of INR 100, which can be done online. The printed application form must then be signed and sent for approval to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs by courier, along with proof of payment (Service Request Number [SRN] of the fee paid online), proof of identity, and proof of residence within 60 days of the date of generation of the provisional DIN. On receipt of the DIN application form and attached supporting documents, the concerned authority verifies all the documents and, upon approval, issues a permanent DIN. The status of the DIN approval process can be checked online on the MCA portal. The provisional DIN itself is approved as the permanent DIN.
1 day INR 100
2 Obtain digital signature certificate online from private agency authorized by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (National)


To use the new electronic filing system under MCA 21, the applicant must obtain a Class-II Digital Signature Certificate (DSC). The DSC can be obtained from six private agencies authorized by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA 21). Each certifying agency has its own fee structure, ranging from INR 400 to INR 2,600, depending upon various factors such as validity period, delivery time, and cost structure. Company directors submit the prescribed application form along with proof of identity and address. After the DSC is obtained, it must be registered on the MCA portal before it can be affixed on any e-form. Once the Director has obtained the provisional DIN online, DSC may be obtained while the provisional DIN is being registered.
3 days INR 1,500
3 Reserve the company name online with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) (National)


: Company name approval must be done electronically. Under e-filing for name approval, the applicant can check the availability of the desired company name on the MCA 21 website. A maximum of 6 suggested names can be submitted; they are then checked by ROC staff for any similarities with all other names in India. After being cleared by the junior officer, the name requests are sent to the senior officer for approval. Once approved, the Registrar of Companies electronically informs the applicant. In practice, it takes 2 days to obtain a clearance of the name if the proposed name is available and conforms to the naming standards established by the Company Act (1 day for submission of the name and 1 day for it to appear on the MCA website). As a result of reforms introduced by the MCA, payment of the ROC fee can be made online.
2 days INR 500
4 Stamp the company documents at the State Treasury (State)


The request for stamping the incorporation documents should be accompanied by unsigned copies of the memorandum (MOA), articles of association (AOA), and the payment receipt. The Superintendent at the State Treasury returns the copies, one of which is duly stamped, signed, and embossed, showing payment of the requisite stamp duty. Once the memorandum and articles of association have been stamped, they must be signed and dated by the company promoters, including the company name and the description of its activities and purpose, father-"s name, address, occupation, and the number of shares subscribed. This information must be in the applicant-"s handwriting and duly witnessed. The time involved in engrossing the documents may vary from 1 to 4 days, depending upon the mode of payment of the stamp duty charges: if the stamp duty is paid in cash (most common form of payment for small amounts such as these duty charges), engrossing can be done in 1-2 days; if stamp duty is paid through demand draft, then engrossing may take 3-4 days. E-stamping system, for paying stamp duty electronically, has already been implemented in Delhi.
1 day INR 767 (INR 200 for MOA + INR 556.5 for AOA or 0.15% of authorised share capital + INR 10 for stamp paper for declaration in Form1)
5 Get the Certificate of Incorporation from the Registrar of Companies, Ministry of Corporate Affairs (National)


The following forms are required to be electronically filed on the website of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs using digital signatures: (a) e-form 1; (b) e-form 18; and (c) e-form 32. Along with these forms, signed and scanned copies of the Memorandum and Articles of Association (MOA and AOA) and duly executed Power of Attorney (POA) must be attached to Form 1. The fees for registering a company can be paid online by credit card or in cash at certain authorized banks. Paying online reduces the time by 2–3 days compared with paying by bank draft. One copy of the Memorandum of Association, Articles of Association, Form 1, Form 32, Form 18, and the original name-approval letter, consent of directors, and stamped power of attorney must be physically submitted to the Registrar of Companies (ROC). ROC scrutinizes all documents and forms and issues the Certificate of Incorporation, which is available online on the Ministry of Corporate Affairs website (as an e-certificate) after 2–3 days. The physical copy of the certificate is sent to the company office by registered or rush mail. The process takes from 3 to 7 working days.
5 days INR 13,300 (filing fee on MOA: INR 12,400 + filing fee on AOA: INR 200 + filing fee on Form 1: INR 200 + filing fee on Form 32: INR 200 + filing fee on Form 18: INR 200 + POA from 5 subscribers: INR 100)
6 Make a seal (Private)


Although making a company seal is not a legal requirement for the company to be incorporated, companies require a seal to issue share certificates and other documents. The cost depends on the number of words to be engraved, the number of seals required and the time period for delivery. The cost can range from INR 300 to INR 500.
1 day INR 350 (costs starts at INR 350 for seal, depending on number of words to be engraved)
* 7 Obtain a Permanent Account Number (PAN) from an authorized franchise or agent appointed by the National Securities Depository Ltd. (NSDL) or the Unit Trust of India (UTI) Investors Services Ltd., as outsourced by the Income Tax Department (National)


Under the Income Tax Act (1961), each person must quote the Permanent Account Number (PAN) for tax payment purposes. The PAN is a 10-digit alphanumeric number issued on a laminated card by an assessing officer of the Income Tax Department. In order to improve PAN-related services, the Income Tax Department (effective July 2003) outsourced allotment of PAN to UTI Investor Services Ltd., which was authorized to set up and manage IT PAN Service Centers. The National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) has also launched PAN operations effective June 2004, setting up TIN Facilitation Centers. The PAN application is made through the abovementioned service centers using Form 49A, with a certified copy of the Certificate of Registration, issued by the Registrar of Companies, along with proof of company address and personal identity. A fee of INR 60 (plus applicable taxes) applies for processing the PAN application. IT PAN Service Centers or TIN Facilitation Centers will supply the PAN application form (Form 49A), assist the applicant in filling out the form, collect the filled-out form, and issue an acknowledgment slip. After obtaining the PAN from the Income Tax Department, UTI or NSDL, as the case may be, will print the PAN card and deliver it to the applicant. The application for PAN can also be made online or using the rush process called TATKAL: (1) TATKAL is used only in emergency cases. Under TATKAL, the PAN is allotted on a priority basis, at an extra cost, in approximately 4 days; (2) ONLINE: although the online application would speed up the process to obtain the PAN, applicants are not using the online system mostly because the documents must still be physically dropped off for verification with the authorized agent. For more details, see www.incometaxindia.gov.in, www.utiisl.co.in, and www.tin.nsdl.co.in.
12 days INR 67 (INR 60 application fee + 12.36% service tax + INR 5 for application form, if not downloaded)
* 8 Obtain a Tax Account Number (TAN) for income taxes deducted at the source from an authorized franchise or agent appointed by the National Securities Depository Ltd. (NSDL), as outsourced by the Income Tax Department (National)


The Tax Account Number (TAN) is a 10-digit alphanumeric number required of anyone responsible for deducting or collecting tax. The provisions of Section 203A of the Income Tax Act require that all persons who deduct or collect tax at the source must apply for a TAN. The application for allotment of a TAN must be filed using Form 49B and submitted at any TIN Facilitation Center authorized to receive e-TDS returns. Form 49B is freely downloadable from the NSDL-TIN website. It is also available at TIN-Facilitation Centers. Locations of TIN Facilitation Centers can be found at www.incometaxindia.gov.in and www.tin-nsdl.com. After verification of the application, the same is sent to the Income Tax Department for validation. The department will issue the TAN and communicate it to NSDL online. On the basis of this, NSDL will issue the TAN letter to the applicant. Since outsourcing in 2003, any authorized franchise or agent appointed by the National Securities Depository Services Limited (NSDL) can accept and process the TAN application. The national government levies the income tax. The application for a TAN can also be made online. An application (Form 49B) can be submitted through TAN online at the NSDL-TIN website. Once the application is submitted online, a unique 14-digit acknowledgment number is generated. This acknowledgment number should be printed and sent to NSDL at the address mentioned on the NSDL-TIN website along with the processing fee. Payment can be made by check or credit card. Tracking the status of the e-registration at is available at https://tin.tin.nsdl.com/tan/StatusTrack.html. Applying online shortens the time to obtain the TAN by 2–3 days. However, the majority of applicants are not using the online system mainly because the online application has to be followed with an offline submission: the hard copy of the application is required to be physically filed with NSDL. A TATKAL facility has also been introduced to make this registration faster. TATKAL is being used only in emergency cases. Under TATKAL, the TAN is allotted on a priority basis, at an extra cost, in approximately 5 days.
12 days INR 57 (INR 50 application fee + 12.36% service tax)
* 9 Register for Value-Added Tax (VAT) at the Commercial Tax Office (State)


For obtaining registration under the Delhi Value Added Tax Act,-(2004), an application must be made to the Commercial Tax Office of the ward in which the principal place of business is located, accompanied by the following documents: a. Latest rent receipt (if the business premises are leased) or ownership documents, as the case may be; b. Proof of legal and physical possession of the business premises; c. Four photographs of the authorized signatory and a proof of identification; d. List of company directors; e. Bank statement of the company from the date of incorporation to the application date; f. Copy of first sale and purchase document; g. List of products for which registration is required; h. Copy of the Certificate of Incorporation, Memorandum of Association and the Articles of Association; i. Certified copy of the Board Resolution; j. Self-attested copy of the Permanent Account Number of the company; (k). Bank guarantee for a sum of INR 100,000. However, subject to compliance of certain additional requirements (such as proof of ownership of the business premises), a bank guarantee of INR 50,000 may also be accepted by the department. Alternatively, in lieu of furnishing a bank guarantee, a surety may also be given by an already registered dealer if the said dealer is registered for a period of at least 12 months. Most firms that are seeking registration choose another registered firm to stand as a guarantor. After examining the aforesaid documents, the department issues the Registration certificate within 7 to 15 working days. Generally an inspector pays a visit within 2 to 3 days of the issuance of the Certificate of Registration and a report about the functioning of the company is submitted by the inspector to the department. The VAT registration can be effective from the date of application only if a bank guarantee is given. In that case, the registration will be immediate. But, as mentioned earlier, most firms opt for another registered firm to stand as a guarantor.
9 days INR 525
* 10 Register with Employees' Provident Fund Organization (National)


The Employees Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) is a statutory organization under the Ministry of Labor and Employment. The Provident Fund registration focuses on delinquent reporting, underreporting, or nonreporting of workforce size. If a company has more than 20 employees, then it is mandatory to register with the EPFO and a code number will be allotted to the company. Once the employer is registered with the EPFO, it will register his employees with the office and open Provident Fund accounts in the name of each employee. More information is available at www.epfindia.gov.in. As per an internal circular, the code number is to be allotted within 3 days of the date of submission, if the application is complete in all respects. However, in many cases applicants have received the intimation letter with the code number later: in 12 to 15 days.
13 days No cost
* 11 Register for medical insurance at the regional office of the Employees State Insurance Corporation (National)


Registration is the process by which every employer and every paid employee is identified for health-insurance purposes. The Employees’ State Insurance (ESI) Act (1948) provides for a fund administered by the ESI corporation in which contributions is made both by the employer and the employee at the rates prescribed by the National Government. The Employer should register within 15 days after the Act becomes applicable. For this purpose, the employer should submit Form 01 to the ESI regional office. Upon receipt of the registration form, the office shall allot an employer’s code number and shall inform the employer of that number through an “intimation letter” sent by post. An employee’s individual insurance involves a separate process, one which is initiated after employer’s registration. The employer should fill out declaration forms for all coverable employees and submit the same, along with Form 3, to the appropriate regional office within 10 days of the employee’s appointment date. The employees’ temporary cards (ESI Cards) are issued on the spot. It takes about 4 to 5 weeks to get a permanent ESI card. More information is available at http://www.esic.nic.in.
15 days No cost
* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.

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