Ease of Doing Business in


Italy Download Profile (1729KB, pdf)
Region OECD high income
Income Category High income
Population 60,802,085
GNI Per Capita (US$) 32,790
City covered Rome



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 50 44 down
72.25 71.97 down
Starting a Business 63 57 down
89.40 89.39 up
Dealing with Construction Permits 86 82 down
69.41 69.31 up
Getting Electricity 51 45 down
80.70 80.69 up
Registering Property 24 24
81.69 81.67 up
Getting Credit 101 97 down
45.00 45.00
Protecting Minority Investors 42 40 down
63.33 63.33
Paying Taxes 126 134 up
61.65 59.33 up
Trading across Borders 1 1
100.00 100.00
Enforcing Contracts 108 106 down
54.79 54.79
Resolving Insolvency 25 23 down
76.59 76.14 up

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank:


DB 2016 Rank:


Change in Rank:


DB 2017 DTF (% points):


DB 2016 DTF (% points):


Change in DTF (% points):


Estimated value of warehouse EUR 1,343,846
City Rome
Indicator Italy OECD high income
Procedures (number) info_outline 10 12.1
Time (days) info_outline 227.5 152.1
Cost (% of warehouse value) info_outline 3.5 1.6
Building quality control index (0-15) info_outline 11 11.3
  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

    Obtain nulla osta from the Regional Technical Office (Genio Civile)

    Agency: Regional Technical Office (Genio Civile)

    Under the Lazio Regional Regulation no. 2 of February 7, 2012, since January 1, 2013, the application to obtain the seismic authorization shall be done online by using the so-called SITAS system. The applications delivered by hand are not accepted.
    The Regional Office “Genio Civile” checks for the compliance of the project with the technical provisions set forth by the competent administration through an internal control committee and issues the seismic authorization. This authorization is mandatory for the building permit to be valid.

    Structural projects are randomly selected for control in the first ten days of the month following application. Projects that are not selected are automatically authorized. However, the applicant must wait until a formal letter of seismic approval is received. The letter arrives approximately within two weeks.

    For projects selected for control, the procedure lasts at least 60 days.

    30 days EUR 1,275

    Obtain building permit

    Agency: Municipal Agency

    The application for a building permit is filed with the Sportello Unico dell'Edilizia (one-stop shop). BuildCo must file proof of title of ownership to the property for which the building permit is requested, as well as the project design drawings signed by an engineer or an architect, including the drawings relating to electric utilities, air conditioning systems, and fire protection devices. The SUE will also request project clearance from the Fire Department and from the Public Health Agency. The minimum term required for the issue of the building permit is 90 days (where the applicant has submitted all the correct documents and the competent agency has not asked for integration of documents and/or small variations to the project). In practice, if there are requests for variation/integration, the Municipality Agency takes more days to issue the building permit.

    The fees for the issuance of the building permit are calculated based on the building value and on the urbanization costs sustained by the municipality. The fee based on building value must be paid no later than 60 days after the completion of the building; the fee based on urbanization costs must be paid upon issuance of the building permit.

    The Law Decree no. 70 of May 13, 2011 has introduced the "consent by silent" for issuing of building permits.
    Specifically, in case of silence by the Municipality Agency to reply within the deadline indicated by law, the entrepreneur is entitled to start construction activities (unless there are restrictions on the land/building for historical, landscape or cultural reasons). For complex projects, the Municipality Agency must reply within 150 days from the receipt of the application (such time does not consider any extension of time necessary for any request of integration or changes to the project by the competent office).

    135 days EUR 38,661

    Hire an independent engineer to test structure

    Agency: Authorized Independent Engineer

    The structure tests must be performed by an engineer or an architect who was not directly involved in the project. In addition to the final test on completed structures, the work site director must provide test results for the structural material used to build the structure. In the case of reinforced concrete, the testing must be done on three samples taken on each day that concrete is poured and on one sample for each steel per file used in the structure. The testing is based on per files traction and compression resistance and must be done by an authorized testing lab.

    1 day EUR 6,000

    File certified notification of starting activity (“SCIA”)

    Agency: Fire Department

    A certified notification of starting activity (“SCIA”) is a declaration produced by BuildCo that the building is in compliance with all fire safety regulations. For a warehouse containing books, the cost will be EUR 216.00 as per the D.P.R. 151/11 (Presidential Decree 151/11 of August 1, 2011. See activity No. 34.1.B for warehouses containing books).

    0.5 days EUR 216

    Receive on-site inspection by the Fire Department

    Agency: Fire Department

    1 day no charge

    Obtain occupancy certificate

    Agency: Municipal Agency

    Within 15 days of the building’s completion, the builder should file with the Municipal Agency an application for an occupancy certificate and:
    • The request for cadastral registration
    • The builder's statement attesting the compliance of the building with the project specifications and the favorable outcome of the Fire Department’s inspection
    • Statements of the independent experts involved in Procedure 3
    • The conformity certificate issued by the Regional Technical Office

    The Municipal Agency issues the occupancy certificate within 30 days after the application is filed.

    30 days EUR 468
    * 7

    Register the building

    Agency: Land Registry and Cadastral Office

    Within 15 days of the completion of the building, the builder shall file for the registration at the SUE. BuildCo has to submit a request for the registration together with the documentation necessary to obtain the occupancy certificate. The SUE shall send the request for registration and the supporting documents to the Cadastral Registry which will complete the registration.

    5 days EUR 159
    * 8

    Apply for water and sewerage connection

    Agency: Rome Water Company (ACEA SpA)

    BuildCo shall contact the water authority to obtain the water and sewage connection.

    1 day no charge

    Receive on-site inspection and estimation of water and sewerage installation costs

    Agency: Rome Water Company (ACEA SpA)

    1 day no charge

    Obtain water and sewerage connection

    Agency: Rome Water Company (ACEA SpA)

    29 days EUR 600

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Building quality control index (0-15) 11.0
    Quality of building regulations index (0-2) 2.0
    How accessible are building laws and regulations in your economy? (0-1) Available online; Free of charge; They must be purchased. 1.0
    Which requirements for obtaining a building permit are clearly specified in the building regulations or on any accessible website, brochure or pamphlet? (0-1) List of required documents; Fees to be paid; Required preapprovals. 1.0
    Quality control before construction index (0-1) 0.0
    Which third-party entities are required by law to verify that the building plans are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-1) Civil servant reviews plans. 0.0
    Quality control during construction index (0-3) 2.0
    What types of inspections (if any) are required by law to be carried out during construction? (0-2) Inspections by in-house engineer; Inspections by external engineer or firm; Inspections at various phases. 1.0
    Do legally mandated inspections occur in practice during construction? (0-1) Mandatory inspections are always done in practice. 1.0
    Quality control after construction index (0-3) 3.0
    Is there a final inspection required by law to verify that the building was built in accordance with the approved plans and regulations? (0-2) Yes, external engineer submits report for final inspection. 2.0
    Do legally mandated final inspections occur in practice? (0-1) Final inspection always occurs in practice. 1.0
    Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2) 2.0
    Which parties (if any) are held liable by law for structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability or Decennial Liability)? (0-1)  Architect or engineer; Professional in charge of the supervision; Construction company; Owner or investor. 1.0
    Which parties (if any) are required by law to obtain an insurance policy to cover possible structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability Insurance or Decennial Insurance)? (0-1) Architect or engineer; Professional in charge of the supervision; Construction company; Insurance is commonly taken in practice. 1.0
    Professional certifications index (0-4) 2.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional responsible for verifying that the architectural plans or drawings are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-2) There are no specific requirements. 0.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional who supervises the construction on the ground? (0-2) Minimum number of years of experience; University degree in engineering, construction or construction management; Being a registered architect or engineer. 2.0