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Ease of Doing Business in

Jamaica

Jamaica Download Profile (1769.7KB, pdf)
Region Latin America & Caribbean
Income Category Upper middle income
Population 2,725,941
GNI Per Capita (US$) 5,010
City covered Kingston

190

1

DB 2017 Rank

1

100

DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 67 65 down
2
67.54 66.73 down
0.81
Starting a Business 12 6 down
6
95.61 97.28 down
1.67
Dealing with Construction Permits 75 71 down
4
71.15 71.10 up
0.05
Getting Electricity 101 81 down
20
68.00 71.09 down
3.09
Registering Property 123 120 down
3
53.70 53.67 up
0.03
Getting Credit 16 14 down
2
80.00 80.00
-
Protecting Minority Investors 63 62 down
1
58.33 58.33
-
Paying Taxes 116 155 up
39
65.18 53.52 up
11.66
Trading across Borders 131 133 up
2
60.70 59.61 up
1.09
Enforcing Contracts 117 114 down
3
53.60 53.60
-
Resolving Insolvency 38 36 down
2
69.15 69.08 up
0.07

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank:

75

DB 2016 Rank:

71

Change in Rank:

down4

DB 2017 DTF (% points):

71.15

DB 2016 DTF (% points):

71.10

Change in DTF (% points):

up0.05

STANDARDIZED WAREHOUSE
Estimated value of warehouse JMD 29,337,626
City Kingston
Indicator Jamaica Latin America & Caribbean OECD high income
Procedures (number) info_outline 17 14.4 12.1
Time (days) info_outline 129.5 181.3 152.1
Cost (% of warehouse value) info_outline 0.8 2.5 1.6
Building quality control index (0-15) info_outline 10 8.4 11.3
  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    Obtain a certified copy of the property title

    Agency: Jamaican Land Registry

    One of the requirements to obtain a building permit is to provide a proof of ownership. This document must be a certified copy of the property title.

    1 day JMD 1,000
    2

    Hold pre-application consultation/facilitation meeting with DAC

    Agency: Development Assistance Centre

    Development Assistance Centre (DAC) now assists in pre-Application evaluation and gives guidance on the technical requirements that will support the application. The DAC may also call meetings between all of the relevant government agencies to allow them to review and provide guidance and comments. The response will include an indication of any potential issues identified and a Technical Information Document (TID) which details the relevant guidelines that are to be followed to streamline and process the application. Once the pre-consultation has been done and the TID provided, the applicant is then advised to use the guidance to formalize the project, the DAC also offers to review the resultant application and submission for completeness prior to submission. Once satisfied the application is submitted in to the Development Application Review Process.

    14 days no charge
    * 3

    Obtain a property tax certificate

    Agency: Tax Administration Jamaica

    : It is now a mandatory requirement when applying for a building permit to also submit a property Tax certificate to show that the owner is up to date with all property taxes. The owner will go to the ax authority with all the property tax receipts and request a certificate showing that there are no outstanding property tax to be paid.

    1 day no charge
    * 4

    Obtain sewage permit to connect to public sewage

    Agency: National Water Commission

    Before a formal application for the building permit can be submitted, it is important to obtain a sewage permit. This will show that both water and sewage are available in this area. The architect/engineer must show how the connection to sewage will be done and this plan will be approved by NWC. When the certificate letter is obtained, there is a fee of JMD 5000 to be paid.

    7 days JMD 5,000
    * 5

    Obtain fire approval certificate

    Agency: Jamaica Fire Brigade

    Before a formal application for the building permit can be submitted, it is important to obtain a clearance certificate from the Fire Brigade.

    7 days JMD 4,000
    6

    Obtain approval of building plans by KSAC

    Agency: Municipal Authority (KSAC) Kingston & St. Andrew Corporation

    BuildCo must obtain approval of building plans from the Planning Authority, the Fire Department, the National Environment and Planning Agency (NEPA), and other authorities concerned. Several documents are required to obtain this approval, including a property title and proof of ownership. Approval is valid for 2 years and can be renewed.

    To obtain approval, BuildCo files the drawings with the municipality. Four meetings are held to review the drawings:
    • Fire
    • Health
    • Road
    • A general meeting after all others are completed and NEPA approval is received

    Each meeting has a set date, normally one per week sequentially. If there is a holiday, the meeting will be postponed. If BuildCo misses a meeting, the whole process will be prolonged.

    90 days JMD 181,078
    * 7

    Obtain approval from the National Environment and Planning Agency (NEPA)

    Agency: National Environmental Protection Agency

    Meanwhile, BuildCo files the same document with the National Environment and Planning Agency (NEPA) for approval of the plans. In simple cases, the approval takes 10 workings days. In complicated cases, an environmental impact assessment is required and approval might take much longer. BuildCo files NEPA's approval with the municipality.

    20 days JMD 2,000
    8

    Notify the Municipality of the commencement of work

    Agency: Municipal Authority (KSAC) Kingston & St. Andrew Corporation

    BuildCo must inform the Municipal Authority (KSAC) Kingston & St. Andrew Corporation when the construction work will start.

    1 day no charge
    9

    Request and receive excavation inspection from KSAC

    Agency: Municipal Authority (KSAC) Kingston & St. Andrew Corporation

    BuildCo sends a written notification enclosed with the project approval number to the building authority 3 days in advance of the excavation inspection. If the inspector comes on schedule, construction work does not have to stop.

    1 day no charge
    10

    Request and receive foundation steel inspection from KSAC

    Agency: Municipal Authority (KSAC) Kingston & St. Andrew Corporation

    1 day no charge
    11

    Request and receive beam and roof inspection

    Agency: Municipal Authority (KSAC) Kingston & St. Andrew Corporation

    1 day no charge
    12

    Request and receive inspection by the Fire Brigade

    Agency: Jamaica Fire Brigade

    The Jamaica Fire Brigade will conduct an inspection of the warehouse to ensure that reasonable steps are taken for the prevention of fire and for protection against the dangers of fire. This is a pre-condition to requesting the final inspection by the Building Control Department.

    1 day no charge
    13

    Request and receive inspection by the Ministry of Environmental Health

    Agency: Ministry of Environmental Health

    An inspection by the Ministry of Environmental Health stating that the building is in compliance with the environmental health standards is a prerequisite to requesting the final inspection by the Building Control Department.

    1 day no charge
    14

    Request and receive final inspection

    Agency: Building Control Department

    BuildCo must submit a completion form and send to the Building Control Department to receive the final inspection once the Jamaica Fire Brigade and the Ministry of Environmental Health have both inspected the building. It will be the responsibility of the architect and engineer to issue the certificate of compliance once the final inspection is over.

    1 day no charge
    15

    Apply for water and sewage connection

    Agency: National Water Commission

    Updated requirements for obtaining water and sewage connections were issued by the National Water Commission (NWC) in May 2011. It is necessary to make a deposit when applying for the connection - the amount depends on whether or not the layout of the pipes are conducted by a private contractor or by NWC.

    0.5 days no charge
    16

    Receive inspection from the National Water Commission to assess the cost of connection

    Agency: National Water Commission

    1 day no charge
    17

    Obtain water and sewage connection

    Agency: National Water Commission

    16 days JMD 55,000

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Building quality control index (0-15) 10.0
    Quality of building regulations index (0-2) 1.0
    How accessible are building laws and regulations in your economy? (0-1) Available online; Free of charge. 1.0
    Which requirements for obtaining a building permit are clearly specified in the building regulations or on any accessible website, brochure or pamphlet? (0-1) List of required documents; Required preapprovals. 0.0
    Quality control before construction index (0-1) 1.0
    Which third-party entities are required by law to verify that the building plans are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-1) Licensed architect; Licensed engineer. 1.0
    Quality control during construction index (0-3) 2.0
    What types of inspections (if any) are required by law to be carried out during construction? (0-2) Inspections at various phases; Risk-based inspections. 2.0
    Do legally mandated inspections occur in practice during construction? (0-1) Mandatory inspections are not always done in practice during construction; Mandatory inspections are done most of the time during construction. 0.0
    Quality control after construction index (0-3) 2.0
    Is there a final inspection required by law to verify that the building was built in accordance with the approved plans and regulations? (0-2) Yes, final inspection is done by government agency. 2.0
    Do legally mandated final inspections occur in practice? (0-1) Final inspection does not always occur in practice; Final inspection occurs most of the time. 0.0
    Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2) 1.0
    Which parties (if any) are held liable by law for structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability or Decennial Liability)? (0-1)  Architect or engineer; Professional in charge of the supervision; Construction company. 1.0
    Which parties (if any) are required by law to obtain an insurance policy to cover possible structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability Insurance or Decennial Insurance)? (0-1) No party is required by law to obtain insurance . 0.0
    Professional certifications index (0-4) 3.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional responsible for verifying that the architectural plans or drawings are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-2) University degree in architecture or engineering; Being a registered architect or engineer. 1.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional who supervises the construction on the ground? (0-2) Minimum number of years of experience; University degree in engineering, construction or construction management; Being a registered architect or engineer. 2.0