Mauritius

Starting a Business in

Mauritius

Below is a detailed summary of the bureaucratic and legal hurdles faced by entrepreneurs wishing to incorporate and register a new firm in Mauritius. It examines the procedures, time and cost involved in launching a commercial or industrial firm with up to 50 employees and start-up capital of 10 times the economy's per-capita gross national income.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 189 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2013.

Compare Mauritius to 188 other economies.

  • Standardized Company

  • Legal Form: Private Limited Liability Company
  • Paid in Minimum Capital Requirement: None
  • City: Port Louis
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Register at the Registrar of Companies and Reserve a unique company name

Entrepreneurs can form a company without having to go through notary services. The registration fee for private companies is MUR 3000 + MUR 200 for the certificate of incorporation. Subsequently, if the company is a small private company with a turnover of less than MUR 50,000,000, the annual registration fee is MUR 2500. Searching for a unique company name can be conducted at the Office of the Registrar for a fee of MUR 100, or online for free online.

To register, the entrepreneur completes an application form including the relevant business details, and submits it either online or to the Registrar of Companies. The application form can be downloaded from the Registry's website: http://companies.gov.mu. The entrepreneur then obtains the Business Registration Card which includes the unique identifier (business registration number) and the Certificate of Incorporation.
Upon incorporation, the Registrar of Companies updates the online Central Business Registration Database with the details of the registered companies. The Mauritius Revenue Authority, Local Authority (Municipality) & the Ministry of Social Security are connected to the Central Business Registration Database system, which is located at the Registrar of Companies. Therefore, once a company is incorporated, it is automatically registered for taxes and does not need to file a separate application at the Tax Office. The information of the employer is electronically shared with the Ministry of Social Security (MSS).
2 days MUR 3,000 as registration fees + MUR 200 for the certificate of incorporation
2 Receive inspection by the local authorities

Once the company is registered, the Registrar of Companies provides relevant agencies with an electronic notice about the newly registered business and the expected start date of its business activities. These agencies include: the Sanitary Authority, the Police Department, the Fire Services Department, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Environment, and so forth. Subsequently, local authorities communicate fees, relevant guidelines, and other provisions with businesses that intend to trade within their jurisdiction.

The relevant local authority will carry out ex-post control during company operations to ensure compliance with set guidelines. Business license application forms and guidelines can be retrieved from the municipality’s website: http://mpl.intnet.mu/application_forms.htm.
about 4 days no charge
* 3 Pay the license fees

The license fee published by the local authority (municipality) for the current financial year must be paid within 15 days of the start of business operations, and thereafter in respect of every subsequent financial year in 2 equal installments: the first one on or before January 31, and the second one on or before July 31. The authority will levy a 50% surcharge on any unpaid amount within the prescribed period.

The first payment of the license fee must be accompanied by the following documents:
1. Declaration of trades form (which can be downloaded from the website of the municipality and must be submitted in duplicate)
2. Business registration card (2 copies)
3. ID Card (of the applicant)
4. Certificate of Incorporation
5. Site & location plan
6. Building & Land Use Permit
7. Written consent from the landlord (owner of premises) or Lease Agreement and Proof of ownership of premises
8. ID Card of the landlord (owner of premises)
1 day, (simultaneous with procedure 2) MUR 6,000
* 4 Register with the Social Security Office

The entrepreneur must submit a completed Social Security Registration application form on the Central Business Registration Database, along with the following documents:
1. Employer registration
2. Certificate of incorporation (2 copies)
3. Copy of the Business Registration Card
4. List of the company's Directors

Data is downloaded from the Central Business Registration Database system located at the Registrar of Companies. Potential employers are contacted by the Social Security Office. Employers should submit a monthly return of contributions either electronically or by filling in forms provided by the Ministry of Social Security (MSS). As of January 2013, legal amendments have been made to Section 46 of the National Pension Act to allow employers with 25 or more employees to electronically submit the monthly return of contributions to the Ministry of Social Security (MSS).
1 day, (simultaneous with procedure 2) no charge
* 5 Make a company seal


1 day, (simultaneous with procedure 2) USD 12
* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.

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