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Ease of Doing Business in

Mauritius

Mauritius Download Profile (1801.6KB, pdf)
Region Sub-Saharan Africa
Income Category Upper middle income
Population 1,262,605
GNI Per Capita (US$) 9,610
City covered Port Louis

190

1

DB 2017 Rank

1

100

DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 49 42 down
7
72.27 72.18 down
0.09
Starting a Business 48 43 down
5
91.65 91.63 up
0.02
Dealing with Construction Permits 33 32 down
1
76.55 76.51 up
0.04
Getting Electricity 110 107 down
3
63.22 63.18 up
0.04
Registering Property 98 98
-
61.99 61.14 up
0.85
Getting Credit 44 42 down
2
65.00 65.00
-
Protecting Minority Investors 32 30 down
2
65.00 65.00
-
Paying Taxes 45 43 down
2
82.96 82.96
-
Trading across Borders 74 74
-
78.67 78.67
-
Enforcing Contracts 34 33 down
1
68.65 68.65
-
Resolving Insolvency 39 37 down
2
69.06 69.06
-

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank:

98

DB 2016 Rank:

98

Change in Rank:

0

DB 2017 DTF (% points):

61.99

DB 2016 DTF (% points):

61.14

Change in DTF (% points):

up0.85

STANDARD PROPERTY TRANSFER
Property value MUR 15,832,649
City Port Louis
Indicator Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa OECD high income
Procedures (number) info_outline 4 6.2 4.7
Time (days) info_outline 14 59.7 22.4
Cost (% of property value) info_outline 10.6 8.0 4.2
Quality of the land administration index (0-30) info_outline 15 8.4 22.7
  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    A land surveyor prepares a new survey plan and a situation plan

    Agency: Land Surveyor

    The seller must obtain a situation plan done by a Land Surveyor and apply for the PIN (Parcel Allocation Number).

    4-8 days to prepare a new survey plan(simultaneous with Procedure 2) MUR 4000 to MUR 6000
    * 2

    Notary checks for encumbrances at the Registrar General

    Agency: Registrar General

    The notary public consults the register of transcriptions and the list of deeds which are waiting for transcription in order to ascertain the title of the seller, the status of encumbrances, charges, liens, etc. The notary pays an annual subscription to the Registrar General, which enables him to check the registers free of charge. He may however pass the cost to the client as part of the fees charged for the whole transaction. (Note: The annual fee paid by the notary to the Registrar General is Rs24,000 since last budget).

    2 days (simultaneous with Procedure 1) no cost
    3

    A notary prepares and notarizes the deed of sale

    Agency: Notary

    The notary prepares the sale deed. The seller is responsible for giving all the required documentation to the notary. The deed is signed by the parties and the notary.

    According to the law (Registration Duty act and Notaries Act), the notary has up to 7 days from date of deed to submit the deed at the Land Registry.

    4 days Notary’s fees according to the following cumulative schedule:

    Notary Fees

    Up to MUR 250,000: 2% (minimum MUR 100)

    From 250,000 to 750,000: 1.5%

    From 750,000 to 1,750,000: 1%

    Excess over MUR 1,750,000: 0.5%
    4

    The notary deposits the signed deed for registration and transcription

    Agency: Registrar General

    The notary will deliver the signed deed + one copy of the deed to the Registrar-General for registration.
    The notary will pay the registration fee, the stamp duty and the transfer tax on behalf of the seller when applying for registration at the Registrar General’s office.

    It is now also possible to submit documents, pay fees and receive the registered deed online through the eRegistry system which was launched on 30 June, 2015.

    As from January 2012 the transfer tax is as follows : 5% of the property
    The stamp duty amounts to MUR 1,000
    The registration fee is equal to 5% of the property value.

    Once payment is made, the Conservator of Mortgages will enter the transaction in the book and will give a Transcription Number (TN) to the notary. Once this TN number is available at the Registrar General, the property is opposable to third parties. The notary will then issue the "Copie authentique" to the buyer. There is a statutory time of 48 hours for the Registrar General to complete the transcription and give the Transcription Number (TN) to the notary.

    After the TN has been issued, the Land registry will verify and re-assess the transaction through internal processes. The Notary will subsequently pick up the registered deed and will keep the document for 40 years and then transmit it to the Chief Archivist, National Archives Department for safe keeping. If this time limit is not respected, there is a penalty of 50% to be paid.

    2-5 days 5% of property value (transfer tax) + 5% of property value (registration fee) + MUR 1,000 (stamp duty)

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Quality of the land administration index (0-30) 15.0
    Reliability of infrastructure index (0-8) 6.0
    What is the institution in charge of immovable property registration? Registrar General Department (RGD)
    In what format are the majority of title or deed records kept in the largest business city—in a paper format or in a computerized format (scanned or fully digital)? Computer/Fully digital 2.0
    Is there an electronic database for checking for encumbrances (liens, mortgages, restrictions and the like)? Yes 1.0
    In what format are the majority of maps of land plots kept in the largest business city—in a paper format or in a computerized format (scanned or fully digital)? Computer/Scanned 1.0
    Is there an electronic database for recording boundaries, checking plans and providing cadastral information (geographic information system)? No 0.0
    Is the information recorded by the immovable property registration agency and the cadastral or mapping agency kept in a single database, in different but linked databases or in separate databases? Different databases but linked 1.0
    Do the immovable property registration agency and cadastral or mapping agency use the same identification number for properties? Yes 1.0
    Transparency of information index (0–6) 3.0
    Who is able to obtain information on land ownership at the agency in charge of immovable property registration in the largest business city? Anyone who pays the official fee 1.0
    Is the list of documents that are required to complete any type of property transaction made publicly available–and if so, how? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://registrar.mof.govmu.org/English/legislations/Pages/default.aspx
    Is the applicable fee schedule for any property transaction at the agency in charge of immovable property registration in the largest business city made publicly available–and if so, how? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://registrar.mof.govmu.org/English/legislations/Pages/default.aspx
    Does the agency in charge of immovable property registration commit to delivering a legally binding document that proves property ownership within a specific time frame–and if so, how does it communicate the service standard? No 0.0
    Link for online access:
    Is there a specific and separate mechanism for filing complaints about a problem that occurred at the agency in charge of immovable property registration? No 0.0
    Are there publicly available official statistics tracking the number of transactions at the immovable property registration agency? No 0.0
    Number of property transfers in the largest business city in 2015:
    Who is able to consult maps of land plots in the largest business city? Anyone who pays the official fee 0.5
    Is the applicable fee schedule for accessing maps of land plots made publicly available—and if so, how? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://housing.govmu.org/English/DeptOrg/Documents/Cadastre/schpin1.pdf
    Does the cadastral or mapping agency commit to delivering an updated map within a specific time frame—and if so, how does it communicate the service standard? No 0.0
    Link for online access:
    Is there a specific and separate mechanism for filing complaints about a problem that occurred at the cadastral or mapping agency? No 0.0
    Geographic coverage index (0–8) 2.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the economy formally registered at the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the largest business city formally registered at the immovable property registry? Yes 2.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the economy mapped? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the largest business city mapped? No 0.0
    Land dispute resolution index (0–8) 4.0
    Does the law require that all property sale transactions be registered at the immovable property registry to make them opposable to third parties? Yes 1.5
    Is the system of immovable property registration subject to a state or private guarantee? Yes 0.5
    Is there a specific compensation mechanism to cover for losses incurred by parties who engaged in good faith in a property transaction based on erroneous information certified by the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Does the legal system require a control of legality of the documents necessary for a property transaction (e.g., checking the compliance of contracts with requirements of the law)? Yes 0.5
    If yes, who is responsible for checking the legality of the documents? Notary.
    Does the legal system require verification of the identity of the parties to a property transaction? Yes 0.5
    If yes, who is responsible for verifying the identity of the parties? Notary.
    Is there a national database to verify the accuracy of identity documents? No 0.0
    For a standard land dispute between two local businesses over tenure rights of a property worth 50 times gross national income (GNI) per capita and located in the largest business city, what court would be in charge of the case in the first instance? The Court of First Instance in Civil Matters
    How long does it take on average to obtain a decision from the first-instance court for such a case (without appeal)? Between 2 and 3 years 1.0
    Are there any statistics on the number of land disputes in the first instance? No 0.0
    Number of land disputes in the largest business city in 2015:
    Equal access to property rights index (-2–0) 0.0
    Do unmarried men and unmarried women have equal ownership rights to property? Yes 0.0
    Do married men and married women have equal ownership rights to property? Yes 0.0