Ease of Doing Business in


Nicaragua Download Profile (1889.5KB, pdf)
Region Latin America & Caribbean
Income Category Lower middle income
Population 6,082,032
GNI Per Capita (US$) 1,940
City covered Managua



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

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Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 127 124 down
55.75 55.65 down
Starting a Business 128 120 down
81.00 80.49 up
Dealing with Construction Permits 168 167 down
52.97 52.69 up
Getting Electricity 99 94 down
68.19 68.02 up
Registering Property 146 147 up
48.86 48.85 up
Getting Credit 101 97 down
45.00 45.00
Protecting Minority Investors 145 145
40.00 40.00
Paying Taxes 176 175 down
43.29 42.97 up
Trading across Borders 73 65 down
78.99 80.55 down
Enforcing Contracts 83 89 up
58.58 57.79 up
Resolving Insolvency 103 103
40.66 40.13 up

Positive=Doing Business reform making it easier to do business. Negative=Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank: 128

DB 2016 Rank: 120

Change in Rank: down8

DB 2017 DTF (% points): 81.00

DB 2016 DTF (% points): 80.49

Change in DTF (% points): up0.51

Indicator Nicaragua Latin America & Caribbean OECD high income
Procedure – Men (number) info_outline 6.0 8.3 4.8
Time – Men (days) info_outline 13.0 31.6 8.3
Cost – Men (% of income per capita) info_outline 68.0 31.5 3.1
Procedure – Women (number) info_outline 6.0 8.3 4.8
Time – Women (days) info_outline 13.0 31.6 8.3
Cost – Women (% of income per capita) info_outline 68.0 31.5 3.1
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita) info_outline 0.0 2.3 9.2
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

Sign the incorporation papers before a notary public

Agency: Public Notary

The documents of incorporation and the company bylaws must be drafted by a notary public. It is customary to include the company bylaws in the document of incorporation. Most notaries will also perform the remaining steps (explained in the following steps) in the incorporation process, for a fee of USD 200 (on average). The notary cost is in between USD 750–1,000.
3 days USD 875

Buy company accounting books and corporate books

Agency: Bookstore

According to Article 28 of the Commercial Code, all companies must keep four corporate books: two accounting books (diary and ledger) and two corporate books (minute book and share book). The cost of the books may vary from one bookstore to another.
1 day NIO 800

File incorporation statutes (acta constitutiva), register accounting books (sellado de libros) and register as a trader (inscripcion como comerciante)

Agency: Representation of the Commercial Registrar at the one-stop shop (Ventanilla Unica de Inversiones, VUI)

In February of 2014, the Public Registry of Nicaragua approved a resolution in allowing entrepreneurs to file the incorporation statutes, to register the accounting books and the inscription as a trader at the same time at the one-stop shop.

The cost for commercial registration is 1% of capital (with a minimum of NIO 1,000, maximum of NIO 30,000) and the following fees apply:
- Inscription of constitution of internal books: NIO 100.
- Registration fee for books (diario, mayor, actas y acciones) NIO 350.00.
- Registration as a trader (inscripcion como comerciante): NIO 300.
- Form for municipal license (matricula): NIO 5.
- Municipal license: for social capital lower than NIO 50,000 is NIO 500; higher than NIO 50,000 is 1% of capital.
- Municipal license document (constancia de matricula): 1% of license fee.

The payment must be made in Banpro or Banco de Finanzas, and the payment receipt must be presented at the one-stop shop. Regardless whether the company has income, it must declare before the Nicaraguan Tax Authority (Dirección General de Impuestos) each month. If the company has no sales, it will not pay any taxes. However, it will have to pay the fees for the services performed by their representative in Nicaragua before the DGI.
1 week NIO 350 (registration of accounting books) + NIO 300 (application as a trader)
* 4

Pay the inscription fees

Agency: Commercial Bank

Fees must be paid into any bank and the receipt presented to the one-stop shop (see Procedure 5). There is a commercial bank within the Commercial Registry where the payment can be made.
1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) 1% of capital (Commercial Registration) within a minimum of NIO 1,000 and a maximum of NIO 30,000 + NIO 100 (inscription of internal books)

Obtain the DUR (Documento Unico de Registro), a single document that allows registering at the same time for sales of taxes (RUC), social security (INSS), and the pre-municipal license (pre-matrícula) at the one-stop shop or at the DGI (Dirección General de Ingresos).

Agency: Representation of DUR (Documento Unico de Registro) at the one-stop shop (VUI) or at the DGI

On June 1st, 2012, the municipality of Managua, created the DUR (Documento Único de Registro), a single document that allows to register at the same time for sales of taxes (RUC), social security (INSS), and the pre-municipal license (pre-matrícula) at the one-stop shop or at the DGI (Dirección General de Ingresos). In addition, the payment of the pre-municipal license is now made at the one-stop shop with DUR.
1 day 1% of capital (municipal license fee) + 1% of municipal license fee (municipal license document)+ NIO 5 (form for municipal license)

Obtain a municipal license (matrícula)

Agency: Representation of the Municipality of Managua (Alcaldia de Managua) at the one-stop shop (VUI)

The request and payment of the pre-municipal license is made with the application of DUR and not with the delegation of Municipality (Alcaldía) at the one-stop shop. However, entrepreneurs must go to the delegation of the Municipality (Alcaldía) at the one-stop shop to obtain the official license (matrícula).
1 day no charge

* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.