This page summarizes Subnational Doing Business in Nigeria 2014 data for Kano (Kano). The first table shows its rank among 36 cities/regions in Nigeria. The rest of the tables summarize the key indicators for each topic and benchmark against regional and high-income economy (OECD) averages.
The steps of launching a business are shown below. Included are: the number of procedures entrepreneurs can expect to go through to start up and formally operate an industrial or commercial business, as well as the time and cost to complete these procedures and the paid-in minimum capital requirement as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) per capita.
The total number of procedures required for married men to register a firm. A procedure is defined as any interaction of the company founders with external parties (for example, government agencies, lawyers, auditors or notaries).
The total number of days required for married men to register a firm. The measure captures the median duration that incorporation lawyers indicate is necessary to complete a procedure with minimum follow-up with government agencies and no extra payments.
The amount that the entrepreneur needs to deposit in a bank or with a notary before registration and up to 3 months following incorporation and is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita.
Reserve a unique company name at the Corporate Affairs Commission
The Corporate Affairs Commission online system allows for online search of unique company names upon the purchase of an e-payment card for a flat fee of NGN 500 from an accredited bank. Until now the system is not fully operational either because of power fluctuation or network failures, applicants may have to go to the CAC office to complete this procedure. The time to conduct the availability of name search, receive confirmation and reserve the company name is usually 4 days. The company’s name reservation lasts 60 days but can be renewed for a similar period.
Prepare the requisite incorporation documents and pay the stamp duty
This procedure involves the following tasks:
a. Preparing and printing the memorandum and articles of association; b. Completing the requisite statutory forms, and; c. Having the memorandum and articles of association stamped by the Federal Inland Revenue Service.
There is a stamp duty office located in the state capital in Kano and housed in the same premises with the CAC.
NGN 18,181 (stamp duty at 0.75% of share capital + NGN 1,000 for stamping of two extra copies of memorandum and articles of association + NGN 500 for incorporation forms)
Sign the declaration of compliance (Form CAC 4) before a Commissioner for Oaths or notary public
A declaration that the requirements of the Companies and Allied Matters Act have been met must be sworn by (i) a barrister or solicitor engaged in the formation of the company or (ii) by a person named in the memorandum and articles of association as a director or secretary of the company. This procedure can be done before a notary public or filed at the state or federal High Court. The common practice is for this declaration to be sworn before a Commissioner for Oaths at the state High Court.
Obtain bank draft from a bank for payment of the registration fees
Payment is made to any of the receiving banks designated by the Corporate Affairs Commission.
NGN 29,000 (NGN 20,000 for registration fees [NGN 10,000 for company whose nominal share capital is NGN 1,000,000 or less + NGN 5,000 for all subsequent million] + NGN 3,000 for certified true copy of memorandum and articles of association + NGN 2,000 for certified true copy of particulars of directors + NGN 2,000 for certified true copy of particulars of shareholders + NGN 2,000 for certified true copy of particulars of the company secretary)
Register the company at the Corporate Affairs Commission
The applicant must file with the Corporate Affairs Commission the required incorporation documents and forms, which include:
a. Stamped memorandum and articles of association (2 copies); b. Form CAC 1: Availability check and reservation of name; c. Form CAC 2: Statement of share capital and return of allotment of shares; d. Form CAC 2.1: Particulars of the company secretary; e. Form CAC 3: Notice of registered address; f. Form CAC 4: Declaration of compliance; g. Form CAC 7: Particulars of directors; h. Photocopy of information page of international passport or national identity card for each director and subscriber.
The fee schedule for registration is the following: for the first NGN 1,000,000 of nominal capital: NGN 10,000; for every NGN 1,000,000 or less thereof of nominal capital after the first NGN 1,000,000: NGN 5,000. Fees for certified true copies of some forms are paid as follows: NGN 3,000 for C.T.C of memorandum and articles of association, NGN 2,000 for C.T.C of particulars of directors (CAC 7), NGN 2,000 for C.T.C of allotment of share capital (CAC 2) and NGN 2,000 for C.T.C of particulars of the company secretary.
Lawyers are usually hired to undertake the administrative incorporation procedures. On average, a lawyer will charge NGN 60,000 to handle the entire incorporation process in this state.
NGN 60,000 (legal fees)
Make a company seal
Section 74 of the Companies and Allied Matters Act (CAMA) requires every company to have a common seal. The company is thus mandated to have a company seal by the Companies and Allied Matters Act 1990 (2004) first schedule paragraph 15, which provides a standard memorandum of articles of companies and requires directors to provide a company seal. It is also the common practice, especially because companies will generally have to register a deed or other official documents.
Register for income tax and VAT at the Federal Inland Revenue Service
Entrepreneurs can register for both corporate income tax and VAT at the new Integrated Tax Office. For corporate income tax, the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) will require the applicant to complete tax registration forms. The new company registers at a federal tax office nearest to its place of business or registered office. A letter is written to the tax authority applying for a tax clearance certificate. A form obtained from the tax office is filled and the following documents submitted with it:
a. Taxpayer registration input form (TRIF/2006/001 COYS); b. Completed FIRS questionnaire; c. Copy of memorandum and articles of association; d. Names and addresses of directors; e. Copy of the certificate of incorporation; f. Name, address of tax adviser; g. Letter of appointment of tax adviser and a letter of acceptance; h. The date the company commenced business; i. Names, addresses and mobile numbers of major promoters and the chairman of the company, including their email addresses; j. Other sources of income of the chairman and the promoters of the company; k. Name and addresses of the principal officers of the company including the chairman, managing director, legal adviser and accountant.
The application forms must be in triplicate and the original certificate of incorporation must be presented for 'sighting' by the controller before registration can be completed. Upon receipt of the completed taxpayer registration input form and all documents, a tax reference number is allocated. An application must be filed for the tax clearance certificate. Its issuance is not automatic.
The fees for the tax clearance issuance are as follows: for newly registered companies within 6 months of incorporation: no fee; for companies that are yet to commence business and show up for registration after 6 months of incorporation, if they request for tax clearance certificate a pre-operation levy of NGN 25,000 is payable for the first time and NGN 20,000 is payable for subsequent years until it files a notice of commencement of business.
Companies required to register for VAT complete the VAT registration form (VAT Form 001, obtainable free of charge from all FIRS offices) and return it to the integrated tax office, which will issue a taxpayer identification number (TIN). Companies required to register for VAT must do so within 6 months from the date of company incorporation.
Since the registration for corporate income tax and VAT are done in the same place; one Tax Identification Number (TIN) is issued to companies for all federal taxes.
Register for personal income tax PAYE at the State Tax Office
The employers in the newly incorporated company are required to register with the relevant state tax authority for the purposes of deducting income tax from employees. Once an application is filed with a copy of the certificate of incorporation attached, a reference file is then opened for the company. There is no cost related to this registration.
Receive an inspection from the State Ministry of Commerce, Industry, Cooperatives and Tourism for business premises registration
After the submission of all application documents, an inspection of the business premises is carried out by an officer from the State Ministry of Commerce, Industry, Cooperatives and Tourism. The Ministry may conduct an inspection of the premises to confirm the location of the business and determine the type of business activity.
Pay registration fees for business premises into a government account at a designated bank
Fees for the business premises permit are paid into a government account at a designated bank. The fees depend on the type of activity, category of business (limited liability company, partnership or sole proprietorship), size of the business, and its location, and range from NGN 600 to NGN 100,000. For a medium manufacturing company located in Kano metropolis the business premises permit costs NGN 20,000. The annual renewal fee is the same as initial registration.
Obtain a business premises permit from the State Ministry of Commerce, Industry, Cooperatives and Tourism
Following payment of the assessed registration fees for business premises permit into a designated government account, the State Ministry of Commerce, Industry, Cooperatives and Tourism issues a business premises permit to the new business.
* Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.