Ease of Doing Business in


This page summarizes Doing Business 2014 data for Peru. The first table lists the overall "Ease of Doing Business" rank (out of 189 economies) and the rankings by each topic. It also lists the economy's distance to frontier (DTF)** measure. The rest of the tables summarize the key indicators for each topic and benchmark against regional and high-income economy (OECD) averages.

Economy Overview

Region Latin America & Caribbean
Income Category Upper middle income
Population 29,987,800
GNI Per Capita (US$) 5,880
City covered Lima
Doing Business 2014 Rank Doing Business 2013 Rank*** Change in Rank
42 39 down -3

Doing Business 2014 DTF** (% points) Doing Business 2013 DTF** (% points) Change in DTF** (% points)
70.74 70.81 down -0.07

Starting a Business


The challenges of launching a business are shown below. Included are: the number of steps entrepreneurs can expect to go through to launch, the time it takes on average, and the cost and minimum capital required as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) per capita.

DB 2014 Rank 63 DB 2013 Rank*** 60 Change in Rank down-3
DB 2014 DTF** (% points) 86.29 DB 2013 DTF** (% points) 86.24 Change in DTF** (% points) up0.05

Information on new business density and number of newly created firms with limited liability can be found at Entrepreneurship Database.

Indicator Peru Latin America & Caribbean OECD

The total number of procedures required to register a firm. A procedure is defined as any interaction of the company founders with external parties (for example, government agencies, lawyers, auditors or notaries).

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Procedures (number)
5 9 5

The total number of days required to register a firm. The measure captures the median duration that incorporation lawyers indicate is necessary to complete a procedure with minimum follow-up with government agencies and no extra payments.

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Time (days)
25.0 36.1 11.1

Cost is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita. It includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law.

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Cost (% of income per capita)
10.1 33.1 3.6

The amount that the entrepreneur needs to deposit in a bank or with a notary before registration and up to 3 months following incorporation and is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita.

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Paid-in Min. Capital (% of income per capita)
0.0 3.6 10.4
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Check the uniqueness of the proposed company name and reserve it online Less than one day (online procedure) PEN 4 for search + PEN 18 for reservation
2 Prepare the deed of incorporation online with a notary Less than one day (online procedure) no charge
3 Sign the deed of incorporation before a notary public; file online the deed of incorporation with the Public Register of Commerce; obtain Certificate of Registration and obtain taxpayer identification number 8 days see procedure details
4 Stamp accounting book and minute book 1 day USD 7 per book of no more than 100 pages. Most companies have between 5 and 9 of these books. Thus, the cost will range between USD 35 and USD 63.
5 Obtain municipal license from the City Council 15 days Fees vary depending on the District Council where the company’s office is located. In San Isidro between PEN 391 and PEN 489.

** The distance to frontier (DTF) measure shows the distance of each economy to the "frontier," which represents the highest performance observed on each of the topics including Getting Electricity across all economies included in Doing Business. An economy’s distance to frontier is indicated on a scale from 0 to 100, where 0 represents the lowest performance and 100 the frontier. Read more...

***Last year's rankings are adjusted: they are based on 10 topics and reflect data corrections.

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