Ease of Doing Business in

Cebu City - Philippines

This page summarizes Subnational Doing Business in Philippines 2011 data for Cebu City. The first table shows its rank among 25 cities/regions in Philippines. The rest of the tables summarize the key indicators for each topic and benchmark against regional and high-income economy (OECD) averages.

Economy Overview

Region East Asia & Pacific
Income Category Lower middle income
Population 98,393,574
GNI Per Capita (US$) 3,270.00
Ease of Doing Business Rank among 25 cities in Philippines Top city in Philippines
n.a. n.a.
Topic Rankings Rank among 25 cities in Philippines Top city in Philippines
Starting a Business 7 General Santos
Dealing with Construction Permits 14 Davao City
Registering Property 4 Valenzuela

Subnational Data

Starting a Business


The challenges of launching a business are shown below. Included are: the number of steps entrepreneurs can expect to go through to launch, the time it takes on average, and the cost and minimum capital required as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) per capita.

Indicator Cebu City East Asia & Pacific OECD

The total number of procedures required to register a firm. A procedure is defined as any interaction of the company founders with external parties (for example, government agencies, lawyers, auditors or notaries).

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Procedures (number)
15.0 7.3 4.8

The total number of days required to register a firm. The measure captures the median duration that incorporation lawyers indicate is necessary to complete a procedure with minimum follow-up with government agencies and no extra payments.

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Time (days)
31.0 34.4 9.2

Cost is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita. It includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law.

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Cost (% of income per capita)
24.7 27.7 3.4

The amount that the entrepreneur needs to deposit in a bank or with a notary before registration and up to 3 months following incorporation and is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita.

View methodology
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita)
6.0 256.4 8.8
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Verify and reserve the company name with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) 1 day PHP 40
2 Deposit paid-up capital in the Authorized Agent Bank (AAB) and obtain bank certificate of deposit 1 day No cost
3 Notarize articles of incorporation and treasurer's affidavit at the notary 1 day PHP 500
4 Register the company with the SEC 5 days PHP 2,695 (PHP 1,667.99 filing fee equivalent to 1/5 of 1% of the authorized capital stock or the subscription price of the subscribed capital stock, whichever is higher but not less than PHP 1,000 + PHP 16.68 legal research fee (LRF) equivalent to 1% of filing fee but not less than PHP 10 + PHP 500 By-laws + PHP 150 for registration of stock and transfer book (STB) required for new corporations + PHP 320 STB + PHP 10 registration for SEC bulletin + PHP 30 handling fee)
5 Obtain the business permit application form and community tax certificate (CTC) from the Cebu City Hall representative at DTI National Economic Research and Business Action Center (NERBAC) 1 day PHP 500 (cost of community tax certificate)
6 Notarize the business permit application form at the notary 1 day PHP 20
7 Obtain the Business Tax Payment Certificate (BTPC) from the Cebu City Hall representative at DTI NERBAC 3 days PHP 9,195 (PHP 417 business tax (1/20 of 1% of capitalization) + PHP 1667.98 mayor’s permit fee (1/5 of 1% of capitalization) + PHP 500 zoning fee + PHP 5,000 garbage fee + PHP 50 health certificate + PHP 480 building fees + PHP 100 signboard fee + PHP 779.80 FSIC (10% of all regulatory fees) + PHP 200 barangay clearance)
8 Buy special books of account at bookstore 1 day PHP 400
9 Apply for Certificate of Registration (COR) and Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) at the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) 2 days PHP 115 (PHP 100 certification fee + PHP 15 documentary stamp tax)
10 Pay the registration fee and documentary stamp taxes (DST) at the AAB 1 day PHP 4,670 (PHP 500 registration fee + PHP 4,169.97 DST on original issuance of shares of stock. DST on the lease contract is not included in the computation of the cost)
11 Obtain the authority to print receipts and invoices from the BIR 1 day No cost (fees included in procedure 10)
12 Print receipts and invoices at the print shops 7 days PHP 2,500 (between PHP 2,500 – PHP 3,000)
13 Have books of accounts and Printer’s Certificate of Delivery (PCD) stamped by the BIR 1 day No cost
14 Register with the Social Security System (SSS) 4 days No cost
15 Register with the Philippine Health Insurance Company (PhilHealth) 1 day No cost

Subnational Data