Puerto Rico (U.S.)

Ease of Doing Business in

Puerto Rico (U.S.)

This page summarizes Doing Business 2014 data for Puerto Rico. The first table lists the overall "Ease of Doing Business" rank (out of 189 economies) and the rankings by each topic. It also lists the economy's distance to frontier (DTF)** measure. The rest of the tables summarize the key indicators for each topic and benchmark against regional and high-income economy (OECD) averages.

Economy Overview

Region Latin America & Caribbean
Income Category High income
Population 3,667,084
GNI Per Capita (US$) 18,000
City covered San Juan
Doing Business 2014 Rank Doing Business 2013 Rank*** Change in Rank
40 37 down -3

Doing Business 2014 DTF** (% points) Doing Business 2013 DTF** (% points) Change in DTF** (% points)
72.27 72.24 down 0.03

Starting a Business


The challenges of launching a business are shown below. Included are: the number of steps entrepreneurs can expect to go through to launch, the time it takes on average, and the cost and minimum capital required as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) per capita.

DB 2014 Rank 18 DB 2013 Rank*** 12 Change in Rank down-6
DB 2014 DTF** (% points) 89.76 DB 2013 DTF** (% points) 89.76 Change in DTF** (% points) 0.00

Information on new business density and number of newly created firms with limited liability can be found at Entrepreneurship Database.

Indicator Puerto Rico (U.S.) Latin America & Caribbean OECD

The total number of procedures required to register a firm. A procedure is defined as any interaction of the company founders with external parties (for example, government agencies, lawyers, auditors or notaries).

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Procedures (number)
6 9 5

The total number of days required to register a firm. The measure captures the median duration that incorporation lawyers indicate is necessary to complete a procedure with minimum follow-up with government agencies and no extra payments.

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Time (days)
6.0 36.1 11.1

Cost is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita. It includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law.

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Cost (% of income per capita)
0.9 33.1 3.6

The amount that the entrepreneur needs to deposit in a bank or with a notary before registration and up to 3 months following incorporation and is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita.

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Paid-in Min. Capital (% of income per capita)
0.0 3.6 10.4
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Check online the uniqueness of the company name and Register online at the PR Department of State to obtain a business certificate 1 day $150 + $10 for the issuance of the Certificate of Existence
2 Apply for an employer identification number (EIN) with the Internal Revenue Service of the United States and the PR Department of Treasury 1 day no charge
3 Apply for a municipal business license (patente municipal) 1 day no charge
4 Request unemployment and disability account numbers from the PR Department of Labor and Human Resources (Departamento del Trabajo y Recursos Humanos) 1 day no charge
5 Subscribe to a workmen’s insurance policy 1 day no charge
6 File an application with the Treasury Department to get the Merchant certificate 1 day no charge

** The distance to frontier (DTF) measure shows the distance of each economy to the "frontier," which represents the highest performance observed on each of the topics including Getting Electricity across all economies included in Doing Business. An economy’s distance to frontier is indicated on a scale from 0 to 100, where 0 represents the lowest performance and 100 the frontier. Read more...

***Last year's rankings are adjusted: they are based on 10 topics and reflect data corrections.

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