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Ease of Doing Business in

Qatar

Qatar Download Profile (1793.4KB, pdf)
Region Middle East & North Africa
Income Category High income
Population 2,235,355
GNI Per Capita (US$) 85,430
City covered Doha

190

1

DB 2017 Rank

1

100

DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 83 74 down
9
63.66 64.68 down
1.02
Starting a Business 91 112 up
21
86.06 82.35 up
3.71
Dealing with Construction Permits 21 19 down
2
79.16 79.17 down
0.01
Getting Electricity 44 42 down
2
81.72 81.73 down
0.01
Registering Property 26 27 up
1
81.06 80.23 up
0.83
Getting Credit 139 134 down
5
30.00 30.00
-
Protecting Minority Investors 183 136 down
47
26.67 41.67 down
15.00
Paying Taxes 1 1
-
99.44 99.44
-
Trading across Borders 128 124 down
4
61.41 61.41
-
Enforcing Contracts 120 120
-
52.79 52.79
-
Resolving Insolvency 116 115 down
1
38.23 38.01 up
0.22

Positive=Doing Business reform making it easier to do business. Negative=Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank: 91

DB 2016 Rank: 112

Change in Rank: up21

DB 2017 DTF (% points): 86.06

DB 2016 DTF (% points): 82.35

Change in DTF (% points): up3.71

Standardized Company
Legal form: Limited Liability Company (LLC)
Paid-in minimum capital requirement: QAR 0
City: Doha
Indicator Qatar Middle East & North Africa OECD high income
Procedure – Men (number) info_outline 8.0 7.8 4.8
Time – Men (days) info_outline 8.5 20.1 8.3
Cost – Men (% of income per capita) info_outline 6.2 26.3 3.1
Procedure – Women (number) info_outline 9.0 8.6 4.8
Time – Women (days) info_outline 9.5 20.9 8.3
Cost – Women (% of income per capita) info_outline 6.2 26.3 3.1
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita) info_outline 0.0 11.2 9.2
  • No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    Obtain husband's permission to leave the house to register a company

    Agency: Domicile

    According to Family Law, No. 22 of 2007, Art. 69(2) and (4) married women cannot leave the matrimonial home without the permission of their husbands.
    1 day no charge
    2

    Reserve a unique company name at the Ministry of Economy and Commerce

    Agency: Ministry of Economy and Commerce

    The entrepreneur submits the application for "New Company Registration" and company name reservation to the Commercial Registry and Trademark Department of the Ministry of Economy and Commerce. As of May 2011, company name availability check, reservation and payment can be completed online. The payable fees are QAR 1,000 for an Arabic name and QAR 1,500 for a non-Arabic name.
    Less than one day (online procedure) QAR 1,000
    3

    Open bank account and deposit the capital

    Agency: Bank

    According to Commercial Companies Law No 11 of 2015, the shareholders determine the capital of the company. This paid- in minimum capital must be deposited in a Bank in order to register the company. Once the startup capital is deposited, the entrepreneur receives a confirmation letter from the bank which is then taken to the Companies Registry and submitted with the application. This amount cannot be withdrawn until the company is incorporated.

    Alternatively, the company can decide to open the bank account and deposit the paid- in minimum capital after the registration process. In this scenario the entrepreneur would need to deposit the capital of the new company within a period of 15 days after the issuing of the Commercial Registry certificate of the new company. In order to guarantee that the capital of the new company will be deposited at the bank after the issuance of the Commercial Registry certificate, the MEC requires to be remitted the documents needed for the incorporation of the new company, an undertaking letter signed by any of the managers of the new company, which provides that he undertakes to deliver to the MEC, within 15 days as of the issuing of the Commercial Registry of the new company, a certificate from the bank showing that the capital of the new company was deposited at the bank.
    In the event the capital is not deposited within the period mentioned above and no certificate is submitted to the MEC proving such deposit, the Commercial Registry will then block the Commercial Registry certificate of the new company until such submission is made.
    1 day no charge
    4

    Obtain the approval of the Commercial Companies Control Department on the articles of association

    Agency: Ministry of Economy and Commerce

    Once the name is approved, the Article of Association (AoA) should be printed out on the letterhead of the Authentication Department at the Ministry of Justice in Arabic or in Arabic and English languages. The unsigned AoA should be then submitted to the officer in charge at the Companies Department at the Ministry of Economy and Commerce who will provide his approval and stamp the AoA with the Companies Department stamp in the event he does not have any comment on the provisions of the AoA.
    1 day QAR 1,500
    5

    Authenticate the Articles of Association at the Ministry of Justice (one-stop-shop counter at the Ministry of Economy and Commerce)

    Agency: Authentication Department of the Ministry of Justice

    The company's articles of association must be prepared in Arabic in the standard format of the Ministry of Justice. The Commercial Companies Control Department stamps this official form before the parties can proceed to sign it at the Authentication Department. All authorized signatories must be present before the notary of the Ministry of Justice at the designated one-stop-shop counter for the authentication process.

    The articles of association must include the following information:
    • Company name, annexed with "with limited liability"
    • Company location/head office address
    • Objectives of the company
    • The fixed term of duration
    • The startup capital and the manner in which it has been subscribed
    • The restrictions on the transfer of shares
    • Names of all shareholders
    • The manner in which profits or losses will be distributed between the shareholders
    • Names of persons entrusted with the company's management
    • The capital structure

    If any shareholder is an entity rather than a natural person, the entity will need to provide the following documents to the Ministry of Justice before signing the Articles of Association:
    • Duly legalized and authenticated Board/Shareholders Resolution approving the incorporation of the company and appointing a representative to sign the Articles of Association
    • Duly legalized and authenticated Certificate of Incorporation or equivalent document
    • Duly legalized and authenticated Articles of Association of the entity
    • A passport copy of the representative authorized to sign the Articles of Association on behalf of the company
    1 day QAR 24 for first 2 shareholders + QAR 9 for each additional shareholder
    * 6

    Register with the Commercial Registry and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry at the one-stop-shop of the Ministry of Economy and Commerce

    Agency: Ministry of Economy and Commerce

    The entrepreneur proceeds to a now single counter at the one-stop-shop of the Ministry of Economy and Commerce in order to register with the Commercial Registry and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Prior to May 2011, the entrepreneur had to go to 2 different counters to register with each of the Commercial Registry and the Chamber of Commerce.

    The following documents must be submitted for registration with the Chamber of Commerce & Industry:
    • Duly completed application form signed by the appointed managers and company representatives
    • The Chamber of Commerce authorized signatories form
    • The original authenticated articles of association, along with the approved draft
    • Copies of authorized signatories’ ID cards

    The following documents must be submitted for registration with the Commercial Registry:
    • Duly completed application form
    • Copy of the memorandum and articles of association
    • Copy of the receipt confirming the payment of the administrative fees due for the review of the memorandum and articles of association
    • Copy of the certificate of deposit of the startup capital at an approved bank in Qatar
    • Copies of the partners' ID cards

    The fee for registering the company at the Commercial Registry depends on the company's scope of activity. The fee to register with the Chamber of Commerce & Industry depends on the capital of the company.

    It is to be noted that there are no certificates to be issued from the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, however it will be mentioned on the Commercial Registry certificate itself of the company that the latter was also registered at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
    1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) QAR 2,200 (Chamber of Commerce) + QAR 500-5,000 (Commercial Registration)
    * 7

    Obtain the trade and signage licenses from the Municipality of Doha (one-stop-shop counter at the Ministry of Economy and Commerce)

    Agency: Municipality of Doha

    The following documents should be submitted to office in charge at the competent Municipality to issue the trade license:

    - The original signed lease agreement of the offices where the company's head office will be located. The said agreement should be in Arabic or dual language English/Arabic.
    - An indoor and outdoor photo of the building where the offices will be located.
    - A copy of the certificate of ownership of the leased property.
    - A copy of the certificate of building completion.
    - A copy of the Commercial Registry of the company.
    - The ID copy of the person who will sign the application forms.
    - A copy of the civil defense certificate: there should be one certificate for the property and another one for the leased office.
    - In case the owner of the leased offices is a company, the following documents are required:
    o A copy of the Commercial Registry certificate of the owner of the leased offices; and
    o ID copy of the authorized signatory on behalf of the owner of the leased offices.
    - The Trade License application forms

    The following documents should be submitted to issue the signage license:

    - The sketch for the signboard where the name of the company should be written in Arabic and English; and
    - The signage application form

    The fee for obtaining a new trade license is QAR 10,020. The signage fee is QAR 50-150 per square meter. The municipality usually sends inspectors to the contemplated premises of the company prior to granting the Trade License.
    1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) QAR 10,020 (Trade license) + QAR 50 per square meter (signage license)
    8

    Register for taxes and obtain a Tax Identification Number (TIN)

    Agency: Public Revenues and Tax department at the Minsitry of Finance

    To register for taxes at the Tax Department of the Ministry of Finance, the following documents must be submitted:
    1. Articles of Association
    2. Copies of the ID cards of the company founders and partners
    3. The Commercial Registration of the company (CR)
    4. Trade License
    5. Certificate of the company premises' registration (and registration number) at the Water and Electricity Authority (Kahramaa)
    6. Certificate of appointment of the company auditors

    According to the tax law, every company must register for taxes at the Tax Department; otherwise, it will be subject to a fine. This step must be completed within a month of incorporation; the company can start business operations upon obtaining the trade license.
    1 day no charge
    9

    Make a company seal

    Agency: Seal maker

    In practice, every company makes a company seal. This is mainly because certain documents must be stamped by the company seal before submission to governmental agencies.

    The stamp will be needed mainly to stamp the documents that must be stamped by the company seal before submission to the competent authorities. In order to make a stamp, the following documents will be in principle submitted to the respective shop:
    1- A letter signed by any authorized signatory on behalf of the company requesting from the shop to make a stamp for the company;
    2- The ID/passport copy of the authorized signatory who signed the letter mentioned under item 1 above; and
    3- A copy of the Commercial Registry of the company.

    2 days QAR 150

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

    Applies to women only.