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Ease of Doing Business in

Russian Federation

Russian Federation Download Profile (1981.1KB, pdf)
Region Europe & Central Asia
Income Category Upper middle income
Population 144,096,812
GNI Per Capita (US$) 11,400
City covered Moscow, Saint Petersburg

190

1

DB 2017 Rank

1

100

DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 40 36 down
4
73.19 73.20 down
0.01
Starting a Business 26 37 up
11
93.57 92.35 up
1.22
Dealing with Construction Permits 115 117 up
2
65.86 64.67 up
1.19
Getting Electricity 30 26 down
4
84.37 84.22 up
0.15
Registering Property 9 8 down
1
90.55 90.51 up
0.04
Getting Credit 44 42 down
2
65.00 65.00
-
Protecting Minority Investors 53 51 down
2
60.00 60.00
-
Paying Taxes 45 40 down
5
82.96 83.09 down
0.13
Trading across Borders 140 138 down
2
57.96 57.96
-
Enforcing Contracts 12 8 down
4
74.96 75.78 down
0.82
Resolving Insolvency 51 49 down
2
56.69 58.39 down
1.70

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

Viewing the data for

DB 2017 DTF (% points):

90.55

DB 2016 DTF (% points):

90.51

Change in DTF (% points):

up0.04

STANDARD PROPERTY TRANSFER
Property value RUB 26,851,637
City Moscow
Indicator Moscow Europe & Central Asia OECD high income
Procedures (number) info_outline 3 5.3 4.7
Time (days) info_outline 15 20.6 22.4
Cost (% of property value) info_outline 0.2 2.5 4.2
Quality of the land administration index (0-30) info_outline 26 19.8 22.7
  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    Buyer checks for encumbrances on property at the Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography

    Agency: Federal Service of State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography (Rosreestr)

    Even though not mandatory by law, in practice most buyers do check for non-encumbrances on the property to prove the validity of the seller's title. The complete information on the property (ownership rights, encumbrances) can be obtained by the Buyer in two ways with equal legal power of each. In a form of the official document provided by the authorized agency (Rosreestr) and in electronic format.


    According to the Federal Law №122 the registration authority upon the official request for information on a property shall provide an official hard copy document with all information available in the Unified State Register of Real Estate Property within five (5 working) days.


    Alternatively, checking and verification ownership rights of the seller can be performed on-line on the main web page of the Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography (www.rosreestr.ru).


    The Buyer can also obtain a paper copy of the extract from Real Estate Property Register by making an application as individual (not the legal entity) with the cost being RUB 200. There is also an option to access the information resource of Rosreestr: any individual or legal entity may obtain an electronic extract from the Property Register and verify ownership title to any real estate facility and existence of encumbrances, if any.


    The procedure includes the following steps:

    1) obtaining an electronic access key (free of charge);

    2) refilling one's account with the help of a credit card for a minimum sum of RUB 100;

    3) receiving the electronic extract from the Property Register within a day with the charge being RUB 1 for one query.

    Less than a day (electronic document);
    5 working days (hard copy)
    (simultaneous with procedure 2)

    RUB 600 (for a hard copy) and RUB 300 (electronic document);
    RUB 900 (for extraterritorial request of hard copy document (in another region));
    RUB 400 (for extraterritorial request of electronic document ).
    * 2

    Check for legal status and current conditions of the buyer at the Unified State Register of Legal Entities

    Agency: Federal Tax Service (FNS)

    Legal entities will obtain extracts from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities, officially managed and maintained by the Federal Tax Service (FNS) (http://egrul.nalog.ru/#). Although Russian legislation does not establish the term of validity for the extracts, in practice most state authorities accept the extracts issued not earlier than 30 days before their submission to the respective state authority.


    Since 2015 the official information on the legal status of a legal entity became available in a form of the official electronic extract with encrypted digital signature of FNS on its official website: https://service.nalog.ru/vyp/. The statutory term for obtaining the official electronic extract is the same as for the official hard copy extract (not more than 5 days).

    Less than a day (online procedure);
    Regular procedure - 5 working days, and
    Expedited procedure - 1 working day
    (simultaneous with procedures 1)
    Electronic document - no charge.

    Official documents in hard copy - RUB 200 (regular procedure - 5 working days) or RUB 400 (expedited procedure - 1 working day)
    3

    Apply for state registration of title transfer in the Unified State Register of Rights to Real Estate

    Agency: Federal Service of State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography (Rosreestr)

    The state registration of title transfer shall be completed within 10 business days since obtaining an application and relevant documents in either (i) hard copies, or (ii) electronic format.

    In addition to the submission of the application in a hard copy, since 2013 the application together with all relevant documents can be submitted in an electronic format, using the following link: http://rosreestr.ru/wps/portal/cc_ib_electronic_state_rights#/.

    However, the online application for the registration of the property transfer is subject to the special requirements set forth by the Order No. 723 of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade dated 29 November 2013. For example, all documents submitted online be signed by the encrypted digital signature of a relevant person. In practice, submission of documents in electronic format is not frequent because there are not many legal entities/individuals who have the encrypted digital signature software.

    10 working days
    7 working days (online registration)
    RUB 44,000: RUB 22,000 (building) + RUR 22,000 (land plot transfer)

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Quality of the land administration index (0-30) 26.0
    Reliability of infrastructure index (0-8) 8.0
    What is the institution in charge of immovable property registration? Directorate General of the Federal Service of State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography in Moscow (Directorate General of Rosreestr in Moscow)
    In what format are the majority of title or deed records kept in the largest business city—in a paper format or in a computerized format (scanned or fully digital)? Computer/Fully digital 2.0
    Is there an electronic database for checking for encumbrances (liens, mortgages, restrictions and the like)? Yes 1.0
    In what format are the majority of maps of land plots kept in the largest business city—in a paper format or in a computerized format (scanned or fully digital)? Computer/Fully digital 2.0
    Is there an electronic database for recording boundaries, checking plans and providing cadastral information (geographic information system)? Yes 1.0
    Is the information recorded by the immovable property registration agency and the cadastral or mapping agency kept in a single database, in different but linked databases or in separate databases? Different databases but linked 1.0
    Do the immovable property registration agency and cadastral or mapping agency use the same identification number for properties? Yes 1.0
    Transparency of information index (0–6) 6.0
    Who is able to obtain information on land ownership at the agency in charge of immovable property registration in the largest business city? Freely accessible by anyone 1.0
    Is the list of documents that are required to complete any type of property transaction made publicly available–and if so, how? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: https://rosreestr.ru/site/fiz/zaregistrirovat-nedvizhimoe-imushchestvo-/pre...
    Is the applicable fee schedule for any property transaction at the agency in charge of immovable property registration in the largest business city made publicly available–and if so, how? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: https://rosreestr.ru/site/ur/zaregistrirovat-nedvizhimoe-imushchestvo-/?pri...
    Does the agency in charge of immovable property registration commit to delivering a legally binding document that proves property ownership within a specific time frame–and if so, how does it communicate the service standard? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: https://rosreestr.ru/site/fiz/zaregistrirovat-nedvizhimoe-imushchestvo-/
    Is there a specific and separate mechanism for filing complaints about a problem that occurred at the agency in charge of immovable property registration? Yes 1.0
    Are there publicly available official statistics tracking the number of transactions at the immovable property registration agency? Yes 0.5
    Number of property transfers in the largest business city in 2015: 25039034
    Who is able to consult maps of land plots in the largest business city? Freely accessible by anyone 0.5
    Is the applicable fee schedule for accessing maps of land plots made publicly available—and if so, how? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: https://rosreestr.ru/site/ur/poluchit-svedeniya-iz-gkn/?price
    Does the cadastral or mapping agency commit to delivering an updated map within a specific time frame—and if so, how does it communicate the service standard? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: https://rosreestr.ru/site/ur/poluchit-svedeniya-iz-gkn/ http://maps.rosree...
    Is there a specific and separate mechanism for filing complaints about a problem that occurred at the cadastral or mapping agency? Yes 0.5
    Geographic coverage index (0–8) 4.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the economy formally registered at the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the largest business city formally registered at the immovable property registry? Yes 2.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the economy mapped? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the largest business city mapped? Yes 2.0
    Land dispute resolution index (0–8) 8.0
    Does the law require that all property sale transactions be registered at the immovable property registry to make them opposable to third parties? Yes 1.5
    Is the system of immovable property registration subject to a state or private guarantee? Yes 0.5
    Is there a specific compensation mechanism to cover for losses incurred by parties who engaged in good faith in a property transaction based on erroneous information certified by the immovable property registry? Yes 0.5
    Does the legal system require a control of legality of the documents necessary for a property transaction (e.g., checking the compliance of contracts with requirements of the law)? Yes 0.5
    If yes, who is responsible for checking the legality of the documents? Registrar.
    Does the legal system require verification of the identity of the parties to a property transaction? Yes 0.5
    If yes, who is responsible for verifying the identity of the parties? Registrar.
    Is there a national database to verify the accuracy of identity documents? Yes 1.0
    For a standard land dispute between two local businesses over tenure rights of a property worth 50 times gross national income (GNI) per capita and located in the largest business city, what court would be in charge of the case in the first instance? Arbitration Court of the Moscow city
    How long does it take on average to obtain a decision from the first-instance court for such a case (without appeal)? Less than a year 3.0
    Are there any statistics on the number of land disputes in the first instance? Yes 0.5
    Number of land disputes in the largest business city in 2015: 23115 disputes concerning property rights registration 715950 disputes over land.
    Equal access to property rights index (-2–0) 0.0
    Do unmarried men and unmarried women have equal ownership rights to property? Yes 0.0
    Do married men and married women have equal ownership rights to property? Yes 0.0