Ease of Doing Business in


This page summarizes Doing Business 2015 data for Rwanda. The first section presents the Ease of Doing Business rank (out of 189 economies) and the distance to frontier (DTF)** measure, overall and by topic. The second section summarizes the key indicators for each topic benchmarked against regional averages.

Economy Overview

Region Sub-Saharan Africa
Income Category Low income
Population 11,776,522
GNI Per Capita (US$) 620
City covered Kigali
Doing Business 2015 Rank Doing Business 2014 Rank*** Change in Rank
46 48 down 2

Doing Business 2015 DTF** (% points) Doing Business 2014 DTF** (% points) Change in DTF** (% points)
70.47 69.40 down 1.07
Positive=Doing Business reform making it easier to do business. Negative=Change making it more difficult to do business.

Starting a Business


The challenges of launching a business are shown below. Included are: the number of steps entrepreneurs can expect to go through to launch, the time it takes on average, and the cost and minimum capital required as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) per capita.

DB 2015 Rank 112 DB 2014 Rank*** 72 Change in Rank down-40
DB 2015 DTF** (% points) 81.66 DB 2014 DTF** (% points) 86.80 Change in DTF** (% points) down-5.14

Information on new business density and number of newly created firms with limited liability can be found at Entrepreneurship Database.

Indicator Rwanda Sub-Saharan Africa OECD

The total number of procedures required to register a firm. A procedure is defined as any interaction of the company founders with external parties (for example, government agencies, lawyers, auditors or notaries).

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Procedures (number)
8.0 7.8 4.8

The total number of days required to register a firm. The measure captures the median duration that incorporation lawyers indicate is necessary to complete a procedure with minimum follow-up with government agencies and no extra payments.

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Time (days)
6.5 27.3 9.2

Cost is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita. It includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law.

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Cost (% of income per capita)
52.3 56.2 3.4

The amount that the entrepreneur needs to deposit in a bank or with a notary before registration and up to 3 months following incorporation and is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita.

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Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita)
0.0 95.6 8.8
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Obtain an electronic signature Less than one day (online procedure) no charge
2 Check the uniqueness of a company name and submit the registration application online Less than one day (online procedure) no charge
3 Obtain the Tax Identification Number (TIN) Certificate 1 day no charge
4 Open a Bank Account 1 day no charge
5 Register for VAT 1 day no charge
6 Purchase an electronic billing machine 1 day about RWF 150,000
7 Register employees at the Social Security Office Less than one day (online procedure) no charge
8 Pay for the trading license (“patente”) 1 day RWF 60,000

**The distance to frontier score shows how far on average an economy is at a point in time from the best performance achieved by any economy on each Doing Business indicator since 2005 or the third year in which data for the indicator were collected. The measure is normalized to range between 0 and 100, with 100 representing the frontier. Read more...

***Last year's rankings are adjusted. They are based on 10 topics and reflect data corrections.

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