Ease of Doing Business in


Spain Download Profile (1937.1KB, pdf)
Region OECD high income
Income Category High income
Population 46,418,269
GNI Per Capita (US$) 28,520
City covered Madrid



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

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Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 32 33 up
75.73 75.02 down
Starting a Business 85 79 down
86.61 86.30 up
Dealing with Construction Permits 113 111 down
65.95 65.89 up
Getting Electricity 78 71 down
72.99 72.96 up
Registering Property 50 50
73.88 73.88
Getting Credit 62 60 down
60.00 60.00
Protecting Minority Investors 32 30 down
65.00 65.00
Paying Taxes 37 45 up
83.80 82.74 up
Trading across Borders 1 1
100.00 100.00
Enforcing Contracts 29 36 up
69.48 67.63 up
Resolving Insolvency 18 25 up
79.62 75.83 up

Positive=Doing Business reform making it easier to do business. Negative=Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank: 85

DB 2016 Rank: 79

Change in Rank: down6

DB 2017 DTF (% points): 86.61

DB 2016 DTF (% points): 86.30

Change in DTF (% points): up0.31

Indicator Spain OECD high income
Procedure – Men (number) info_outline 7.0 4.8
Time – Men (days) info_outline 13.0 8.3
Cost – Men (% of income per capita) info_outline 5.0 3.1
Procedure – Women (number) info_outline 7.0 4.8
Time – Women (days) info_outline 13.0 8.3
Cost – Women (% of income per capita) info_outline 5.0 3.1
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita) info_outline 12.9 9.2
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

Obtain a certification of uniqueness of proposed company name (certificación negativa de la denominación social)

Agency: Mercantile Register

The Certification of Uniqueness of the Company Name is typically requested through the website of the Central Commercial Registry. If the certificate is not requested online, the final document can be obtained by (i) certified mail, (ii) through a notary and the notarial platform SIGNO; (iii) visiting the Central Commercial Registry; or (iv) courier. In all cases, the certificate is issued the following day.

Once the Registry issues the certification, the requested corporate name will be reserved for a maximum of 6 months from the certification's date of issuance. Each certification of uniqueness of the corporate name is valid for 3 months from its date of issuance. Furthermore, once the certificate's validity has expired (3 months), the certificate can only be renewed once, after which a new certificate must be requested.
2 days EUR 13.52 (excluding VAT)

Open a company bank account, deposit capital and obtain a deposit certificate

Agency: Bank

In most cases, the entrepreneur deposits the amount of the contributions directly in the bank. Once this is done, the bank issues the relevant certificate evidencing the deposit has been done. However, the contributions can also be directly given to the notary public at the time of granting the deed of incorporation. In this scenario, the notary can deposit them in the company's bank account.

1 day no charge

File the Single Electronic Document (DUE) and make an appointment with a notary

Agency: Help Desk for Entrepreneurs (PAE)

All type of limited liability companies, regardless of the share capital or the number of shareholders can now start a business through CIRCE, the electronic platform of the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism. Through CIRCE, the entrepreneur completes a single registration form called DUE that is sent to the notary´s office, the commercial registry, the tax agency and the social security agency.

The single registration form can be filed at any Help Desk for Entrepreneurs (PAE) or by the entrepreneur himself, in which case a digital signature is required. Once the DUE is sent, an appointment request is generated by the SIGNO system with the notary chosen for the execution of the public deed of incorporation.
1 day no charge

Obtain the registered public deed of incorporation and the fiscal identification number (CIF) before a public notary

Agency: Public Notary

Within a week approximately, the public deed is granted by the notary, the company is registered with the commercial registry, the tax authorities and the social security agency. Besides the granting of the deed that requires the physical presence of the founders, the rest of the procedures are completed electronically through CIRCE or SIGNO. Additionally, the CIRCE platform offers other services such as registration of personal data with the Spanish Data Protection Agency and request of the trade name of the company with the Spanish Patent and Trademark Office.

Alternatively, on SIGNO (the online platform for notaries), the notary can complete other procedures such as obtaining the fiscal identification number, the registered public deed, and the final company name.
7 days EUR 475 for the notary and EUR 252 for registration costs

Payment of the municipal tax for urban services (tasa por prestacion de servicios urbanisticos)

Agency: Bank

Payment of the municipal tax ("tasa por prestación de servicios urbanisticos") is required before submitting the notification of start of operations ("declaración responsable"). The bank issues a receipt of payment.
1 day EUR 414

Submit a notification of start of operations (declaración responsable) to the Town Council

Agency: Town Council

The responsible declaration procedure is to be prepared in accordance with an official model, which will include the following circumstances: (i) identification of the owner of the activity; (ii) identification of the office's surface; (iii) identification of the activity declared; (iv) a representation granting that the activity is not undertaken in a building protected due to its cultural interest; and (v) that the activity does not imply the private use or occupation of public domain spaces and goods.

This declaration will entitle the applicant to undertake the activity declared, subject to further control by physical inspection of the office by the local authorities or by the technical services of the private agencies authorized by the municipality, depending on to which of those entities the declaration has been filed with. This declaration can be filed with the Municipality in person, by mail or online through the CIRCE platform.
Less than one day (online procedure) included in Procedure 5
* 7

Notify the Ministry of Labor and Industry of operations

Agency: Dirección General Trabajo

The corresponding autonomous community must be notified within the first 30 days of the start of activities and the opening of the workplace. Every autonomous community has its own form. Some require that work injury and safety documentation (corresponding to the specific business or workplace in question) be filed along with the forms. Other forms and documents might be needed depending on the workplace activities.

Business founders can notify the Ministry of Labor and Industry online through the CIRCE platform.
Less than one day (online procedure, simultaneous with previous procedure)
no charge

* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.