Ease of Doing Business in


Spain Download Profile (1780.2KB, pdf)
Region OECD high income
Income Category High income
Population 46,418,269
GNI Per Capita (US$) 28,520
City covered Madrid



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 32 33 up
75.73 75.02 down
Starting a Business 85 79 down
86.61 86.30 up
Dealing with Construction Permits 113 111 down
65.95 65.89 up
Getting Electricity 78 71 down
72.99 72.96 up
Registering Property 50 50
73.88 73.88
Getting Credit 62 60 down
60.00 60.00
Protecting Minority Investors 32 30 down
65.00 65.00
Paying Taxes 37 45 up
83.80 82.74 up
Trading across Borders 1 1
100.00 100.00
Enforcing Contracts 29 36 up
69.48 67.63 up
Resolving Insolvency 18 25 up
79.62 75.83 up

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank:


DB 2016 Rank:


Change in Rank:


DB 2017 DTF (% points):


DB 2016 DTF (% points):


Change in DTF (% points):


Price of electricity (US cents per kWh) 15.9
Name of utility Iberdrola
City Madrid
Indicator Spain OECD high income
Procedures (number) info_outline 7 4.8
Time (days) info_outline 107 76.2
Cost (% of income per capita) info_outline 216.1 62.5
Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index (0-8) info_outline 8 7.5
  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

    Submit application to Iberdrola and await estimate

    Agency: Iberdrola

    Customers must submit an application for a new connection with the utility. Iberdrola will prepare an estimate and inform the customer with a letter about the estimated costs of the project. The payment is made at the bank. A receipt of this payment has to be submitted to Iberdrola at the time when the customer signs the supply contract.

    20 calendar days EUR 0

    Obtain administrative approval for connection project

    Agency: General Directorate for Industry, Energy and Mining (‘DGIEM’)

    For any kind of electrical project an administrative authorization has to be obtained from the General Directorate for Industry, Energy and Mining (Dirección General de Industria, Energía y Minas; Consejería de Economía y Hacienda, ‘DGIEM’). The engineer in charge of preparing the electrical plans submits a project plan to the General Directorate for approval. The General Directorate will review the documents to establish if the project complies with the relevant standards. The project is not inspected for the purpose of the approval (Iberdrola will later on do an inspection to ensure that the project has been realized according to the plans approved by the General Directorate).

    For an installation project in low or medium voltage different types of approvals exist. An installation project that involves a medium voltage connection has to be registered directly with the General Directorate and the cost for the procedure is EUR 197.31, for the case of installations costing between 30,000 and 60,000 euros.

    30 calendar days EUR 238.23
    * 3

    Obtain license for external works from City Council

    Agency: City Council

    Customers need to obtain a license for the external works from the municipality. The tax for this license is charged as 4% of the cost of the works, plus a fee for provision of urban services (‘Tasa por prestación de servicios urbanísticos’), and a fee for private use of public spaces (‘Tasa por Utilización Privativa o Aprovechamiento Especial del Dominio Público Local’).

    25 calendar days EUR 956.6

    Await completion of connection works by Iberdrola or private firm

    Agency: Iberdrola

    Customers have two choices: The external connection works can be done by Iberdrola or the customer can hire a private licensed electrical constructor.

    In most cases, for a connection with a capacity of 140 kVA, customers hire a private company to carry out the works. For such a capacity, the connection is considered in most cases as medium voltage (connections are considered low voltage if they are below 100 kVA).

    A transformer station will have to be installed and the station remains in the possession of the customer given that he pays for it in its entirety. Iberdrola considers the transformer part of the internal wiring installations of the client.

    30 calendar days EUR 46,000

    Obtain internal wiring inspection by authorized company

    Agency: Authorized Organism of Control (‘OCA’)

    After the connection works are carried out, the customer must obtain a certificate issued by a private company that has the status of an Authorized Organism of Control (‘OCA – Organismo de Control Autorizado’), according to section 4.1 of instruction No. ITC-BT-05 of Decree 842/2002 (‘Real Decreto 842/2002, instrucción técnica complementaria Nº ITC-BT-05, Apartado 4.1’).

    7 calendar days EUR 500

    Obtain clearance of electrical installation

    Agency: General Directorate for Industry, Energy and Mining (‘DGIEM’)

    The customer obtains a clearance of the electrical installation (‘acta de puesta en servicio’) from the General Directorate for Industry, Energy and Mining to certify that it is in compliance with its requirements. The documents to be presented are:

    - Contract of maintenance of proof of own capacity of maintenance of transformers
    - Certificate of conclusion of works
    - Initial certificate of inspection by the OCA
    - Declaration of responsibility

    15 calendar days EUR 0

    Sign supply contract with Iberdrola and await meter installation and electricity flow

    Agency: Iberdrola

    Irrespective of who executes the actual works of the connection (installation of the transformer, excavation for cables etc.), Iberdrola is always in charge of installing the meter and the final energization of the project. The meter can be rented or bought by the customer. Most clients prefer to rent it at an approximate cost of EUR 12 per month. According to Article 79 of the Real Decreto 1955/2000, the utility can levy a security deposit in the amount of one month of future consumption (corresponding to 50 hours supply of the contracted load).
    Additional fees for the access to electricity (cuotas de acceso) and for the final connection (derechos de enganche) also apply.

    5 calendar days EUR 2,585.35

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index (0-8)
    Total duration and frequency of outages per customer a year (0-3)
    System average interruption duration index (SAIDI) 0.41
    System average interruption frequency index (SAIFI) 0.53
    Mechanisms for monitoring outages (0-1)
    Does the distribution utility use automated tools to monitor outages? Yes
    Mechanisms for restoring service (0-1)
    Does the distribution utility use automated tools to restore service? Yes
    Regulatory monitoring (0-1)
    Does a regulator—that is, an entity separate from the utility—monitor the utility’s performance on reliability of supply? Yes
    Financial deterrents aimed at limiting outages (0-1)
    Does the utility either pay compensation to customers or face fines by the regulator (or both) if outages exceed a certain cap? Yes
    Communication of tariffs and tariff changes (0-1)
    Are effective tariffs available online? Yes
    Link to the website, if available online http://www.comparatarifasenergia.es
    Are customers notified of a change in tariff ahead of the billing cycle? Yes
    Price of electricity (US cents per kWh) 15.9


    If the duration and frequency of outages is 100 or less, the economy is eligible to score on the Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index.

    If the duration and frequency of outages is not available, or is over 100, the economy is not eligible to score on the index.