Ease of Doing Business in


Sudan Download Profile (1750.5KB, pdf)
Region Sub-Saharan Africa
Income Category Lower middle income
Population 40,234,882
GNI Per Capita (US$) 1,840
City covered Khartoum



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

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Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 168 164 down
44.76 45.80 down
Starting a Business 156 148 down
73.78 75.14 down
Dealing with Construction Permits 145 144 down
60.52 60.12 up
Getting Electricity 113 112 down
62.10 61.61 up
Registering Property 89 88 down
63.61 63.57 up
Getting Credit 170 168 down
15.00 15.00
Protecting Minority Investors 187 176 down
21.67 31.67 down
Paying Taxes 141 136 down
58.39 58.39
Trading across Borders 184 184
19.16 19.16
Enforcing Contracts 147 148 up
46.91 46.91
Resolving Insolvency 153 152 down
26.45 26.45

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank:


DB 2016 Rank:


Change in Rank:


DB 2017 DTF (% points):


DB 2016 DTF (% points):


Change in DTF (% points):


Legal form Private Limited Liability Company
Paid-in minimum capital requirement SDG 0
City Khartoum
Indicator Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa OECD high income
Procedure – Men (number) info_outline 10 7.8 4.8
Time – Men (days) info_outline 36 27.3 8.3
Cost – Men (% of income per capita) info_outline 25.6 54.0 3.1
Procedure – Women (number) info_outline 11 7.9 4.8
Time – Women (days) info_outline 37 27.5 8.3
Cost – Women (% of income per capita) info_outline 25.6 54.1 3.1
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita) info_outline 0 33.1 9.2
  • No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

    Obtain husband's permission to leave the house to register the company

    Agency: Domicile

    According to Muslim Personal Status Act of 1991, Art. 75(b), married women cannot leave the matrimonial home without the permission of their husbands.

    1 day no charge

    Apply for registration and reserve a company name

    Agency: Commercial Registrar of Companies

    To apply for registration, the entrepreneur must submit an informal draft copy of the company memorandum and articles of association including the company objectives, nominal capital, capital distribution, and the names of founding shareholders whether natural or legal personalities, to the Companies Registrar for preliminary approval. This is accompanied by a request containing the required legal stamps and name reservation form proposing potential company names subject to availability.

    The preliminary approval to proceed with the company registration is usually issued by the Companies Registrar within 2-3 days, along with additional rules and guidelines to be incorporated within the provided Articles and Memorandum of Association before submission in its final form.

    The Companies Registrar may reject granting the preliminary approval if a similar or identical company name already exists.

    3 days SDG 200

    Notarize the memorandum and articles of association

    Agency: Notary

    Three copies of the Memorandum and Articles of Association, along with Forms C2 and C2a, must be completed according to the rules contained under the preliminary approval. These forms must be signed by all founding shareholders and authenticated by a designated lawyer with authentication authority.

    2 days SDG 500

    Notify the taxation chambers

    Agency: Taxation chambers

    Before applying for final approval and registration, the company must submit a preliminary approval request to the Taxation Chamber, along with the memorandum and articles of association duly stamped by the Chamber in acknowledgement of the notification, and Forms C2 and C2a. These documents shall then be submitted to the Zakat Chamber for its approval.

    1 day 0.2% of start up capital

    Register with the commercial registry

    Agency: Commercial Registry

    Stamps must be affixed to the Articles and Memorandum of Association. The company documents, including Forms C2 and C2a and a copy of the lease agreement or property certificate of the company premises, must be submitted to the Commercial Registrar to finalize the company registration.

    4 days SDG 525

    Receive site inspection

    Agency: Companies’ Registry

    A representative from the Companies’ Registry inspects the company premises to confirm its existence before delivering the certificate of incorporation. It is also mandatory for the company to obtain and post a sign board on the exterior of its office/business location.

    2 days no charge

    Apply for a tax identification number (TIN)

    Agency: Taxation chambers

    The following documents are required to apply for a tax identification number:
    - Shareholder information
    - Memorandum and articles of association (notarized)
    - Certificate of incorporation (two copies)
    - Completed registration forms
    - Company resolution delegating a person to act on the company's behalf

    1 day on average SDG 5

    Register for VAT

    Agency: Taxation chambers

    The company registers for VAT at a separate department within the same building. It is not mandatory to register for VAT at the same time.

    2 days no charge

    Register with the labor authorities

    Agency: Labor authorities

    The company must deposit the basic work and penalties regulations with the competent labor office.

    14 days SDG 192

    Enroll employees in social security

    Agency: Social Insurance Fund

    The company must subscribe to the Social Insurance Fund. The required documents for this procedure are:
    - Copy of Company Certificate of Incorporation and Memorandum and Articles of Association
    - Completed registration form

    Simultaneously, the company registers its employees for social insurance. The social insurance registration procedure is free of charge, and requires the submission of the following documents:
    - List of the employees' names and salaries
    - Completed registration form

    5 days on average SDG 25

    Make a company seal

    Agency: Sudan Currency Printing Press Co.

    New companies are obliged to use a company seal obtained only from the Sudan Currency Printing Press Co., a government company.

    2 days SDG 1450

    Applies to women only.