Ease of Doing Business in

Syrian Arab Republic

Syrian Arab Republic Download Profile (1938KB, pdf)
Region Middle East & North Africa
Income Category Lower middle income
Population 18,502,413
GNI Per Capita (US$) 1,270
City covered Damascus



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

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Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 173 172 down
41.43 42.85 down
Starting a Business 136 128 down
78.93 78.91 up
Dealing with Construction Permits 187 186 down
0.00 0.00
Getting Electricity 151 121 down
51.79 59.86 down
Registering Property 154 136 down
46.88 50.35 down
Getting Credit 170 168 down
15.00 15.00
Protecting Minority Investors 87 85 down
53.33 53.33
Paying Taxes 81 80 down
73.51 73.51
Trading across Borders 176 175 down
29.83 29.83
Enforcing Contracts 159 158 down
42.58 42.58
Resolving Insolvency 161 157 down
22.44 25.15 down

Positive=Doing Business reform making it easier to do business. Negative=Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank: 136

DB 2016 Rank: 128

Change in Rank: down8

DB 2017 DTF (% points): 78.93

DB 2016 DTF (% points): 78.91

Change in DTF (% points): up0.02

Indicator Syrian Arab Republic Middle East & North Africa OECD high income
Procedure – Men (number) info_outline 7.0 7.8 4.8
Time – Men (days) info_outline 15.0 20.1 8.3
Cost – Men (% of income per capita) info_outline 8.9 26.3 3.1
Procedure – Women (number) info_outline 8.0 8.6 4.8
Time – Women (days) info_outline 16.0 20.9 8.3
Cost – Women (% of income per capita) info_outline 8.9 26.3 3.1
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita) info_outline 106.0 11.2 9.2
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

Obtain husband's permission to leave the home

Agency: Domicile

According to Personal Status Law, Arts. 74 and 75 a woman must obtain a husbands permission to leave the marital home. Therefore, she must obtain a husbands permission to leave the home and start a business.
1 day no charge

Apply for company name reservation and commercial registration at the Ministry of Internal Trade and Consumer Protection

Agency: Ministry of Internal Trade and Consumer Protection

The founders complete a draft of the memorandum of association and present it to the Ministry of Internal Trade and Consumer Protection. The Ministry reviews the draft and requests that the founders make changes needed to comply with the law. If no amendments are required, the founders are called to sign the company memorandum before the Director of Interior Trade at the Ministry. Once approved, the founders are given ten certified copies, which they should take to the Directorate of Finance for registration upon declaring an address and place of business and paying the stamp duty.
7 days SYP 30

Open a financial record for the company, register for taxes and buy stamps at the tax authority of the Ministry of Finance

Agency: Tax Authority

The founders must open a financial record for the company at the Tax and Financial Department. In this procedure, the Tax Department will be informed about the start of business activities. Stamp duty is calculated at 0.4% of the capital amount, and the local administrative fee is calculated at 5% of the Stamp Duty collected. In addition a receipt stamp in the amount of SYP 20 is payable.
3 days 0.4% of capital (stamp duty) + 5% of the stamp duty (local administrative tax) + SYP 20 (receipt stamp)
* 4

Publish the memorandum of association in the Official Gazette

Agency: Official Gazette

Limited liability companies are required by law to publish the decision of the establishment of the company in the Official Gazette. Payment is to be made to the Official Gazette before obtaining the commercial registration certificate.
1 day, simultaneous with procedure 2 SYP 4,000 per page
* 5

Deposit the initial capital in a bank and obtain a statement thereof

Agency: Bank

The founders are required to deposit initial capital (40% of the capital at the time of registration) before finalizing commercial registration with the Ministry of Internal Trade and Consumer Protection.
1 day, simultaneous with procedure 2 SYP 1,000

Visit commercial registry with the signed copy of the articles of incorporation

Agency: Commercial Registry

The company will be registered upon presenting the articles of incorporation and the other requested documents, including proof of headquarters (ownership or lease contract of the premises), bank statement for proof of deposit of the company capital, criminal record certificate for the company signatory (usually the CEO), copies of the partners' ID cards, certificate of no objection letter from the Ministry of Finance, and the Official Gazette receipt.
1 day SYP 10,000

Register with the Social Security Organization

Agency: Social Security Organization

The company must register its employees with the social security organization within 15 days of employment. The social security organization takes care of pension and worker's compensation.
1 day SYP 20

Make a company seal

Agency: Seal maker

Though not explicitly cited in Syrian law, the use of a seal is a commercial custom. The official authorities, especially the tax authorities, assume that companies use a seal to authenticate their transactions. Under the Syrian commercial law, commercial custom is considered as a source of commercial law.

The cost for obtaining a seal from the seal maker varies depending on the type of seal.
3 days SYP 2,500

* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.

Applies to women only.