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Dealing with Construction Permits in

Tanzania

Below is a detailed summary of the procedures, time and costs to build a warehouse in Tanzania. This includes obtaining necessary licenses and permits, completing required notifications and inspections and obtaining utility connections.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 190 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2016. Read the methodology.

Compare Tanzania to 189 other economies.

  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    Obtain location plan from City Council - Ministry of Lands

    Agency: City Council (Ministry of Lands)

    BuildCo must write a letter to the City Council and the Ministry of Lands requesting a block plan, indicating the location of the land, street, ward, city, and region. If the plots are in an unplanned area, it may take more than 90 days since the City Council will need to re-survey the plot and produce the location plan.

    7 days TZS 5,000
    2

    Obtain certified copy of the land rent receipts from the Internal Revenue Authority

    Agency: Internal Revenue Authority

    The Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development is responsible for the overall payment of land rent and property tax; the municipalities and cities in different regions have this same role.

    7 days no charge
    3

    Request planning consent from the City Council

    Agency: City Council (Ministry of Lands)

    Once the preliminary drawings are completed BuildCo applies for a planning consent at the Municipal Council. BuildCo must put a sign board on the plot describing the works that are going to be done to inform the general public.

    20 days no charge
    4

    Obtain building permit

    Agency: City Council (Ministry of Lands)

    The documents required for obtaining a building permit are the following:
    • Architectural/engineering drawings and calculations, including site layout and location plans, plans, elevations, sections of the building including storm water drainage, fire protection, driveways and parking. All drawings should be signed by a registered professional architect and all the detailed structural, electrical, plumbing and engineering installations by a registered professional engineer.
    • Title deed showing ownership of land
    • Receipts of payments of land rents and other statutory fees, and changes of land use if any

    Four copies of the documents must be submitted to the City Council for planning approvals. The City Council distributes three of the copies of the files to the Health Department, Fire Department, and Planning Department, and retains a copy for itself. Each of these entities must approve the project. To speed up the approval process, BuildCo should follow up with each of these departments directly. After these departments grant their approval, the city engineer approves the plans, and then the City Council must approve the application. This last approval can take around 3 months because the City Council meets only once per month and the number of requests is often high. Usually architects have to be well connected with members of the Council to get their project approved in less than 3 months.

    The cost of the building permit is TZS 1,200,000 for the first 929.01 sq. m. and TZS 60,000 for every additional 92.90 sq. m.

    90 days TZS 1,439,994
    5

    Request and receive pre-construction inspection from the City Council officers

    Agency: City Council (Ministry of Lands)

    BuildCo must notify the City Council 7 days before beginning construction, and within those 7 days City Council officers should perform the inspection. This procedure has no cost but if there is no transportation in the office and the customer needs the work done he can assist with the transportation at his own. This is to speed up the process rather than wait for transport allocation.

    Following the devastating collapse of a 10-storey building, the regional directorate of Dar es Salam has undertaken several ad hoc measures to ensure safety and security of citizens. This has led to increased requirements for notification of commencement of construction works. Now companies have to submit a formal letter explaining the parameters and specifics of projects. However, it led to a backlog and delays by 2 -- 3 weeks of inspections that have to approve the site before works begin.

    The municipal team of experts such as structural engineer, drainage engineer, architect, quantity surveyor, town planner and fire engineer visit the site and conduct a general inspection.

    14 days no charge
    6

    Request and receive excavation inspection from the City Council officers

    Agency: City Council (Ministry of Lands)

    1 day no charge
    7

    Request and receive foundations inspection from the City Council officers

    Agency: City Council (Ministry of Lands)

    BuildCo must provide transport to City Council officers to and from the site.

    1 day no charge
    8

    Request and receive concrete inspection from the City Council officers

    Agency: City Council (Ministry of Lands)

    If the supervising consultants on site are registered engineers, architects or quantity surveyors, and they have good record of performance, sometimes they are left to supervise the construction and check the quality and standards without the City Council conducting an inspection, especially if the Council has a deficiency in technical staff.

    1 day no charge
    9

    Request and receive slabs inspection from the City Council officers

    Agency: City Council (Ministry of Lands)

    1 day no charge
    10

    Request and receive roof inspection from the City Council officers

    Agency: City Council (Ministry of Lands)

    1 day no charge
    11

    Apply for occupancy permit from the City Council

    Agency: City Council (Ministry of Lands)

    1 day no charge
    12

    Request and receive inspection from the Fire Department once construction is completed

    Agency: Fire Department

    1 day no charge
    13

    Obtain approval of the building from the Fire Department upon completion

    Agency: Fire Department

    After receiving the inspection from the Fire Department, BuildCo receives a certificate from the Fire Department. This certificate is necessary in order to obtain an occupancy permit from City Council.

    14 days no charge
    14

    Receive inspection from the Health Department

    Agency: Health Department

    1 day no charge
    15

    Obtain approval of the building from the health department upon completion

    Agency: Health Department

    14 days no charge
    16

    Receive final inspection from the City Council officers

    Agency: City Council (Ministry of Lands)

    1 day no charge
    17

    Obtain water and sewage connection from DawasCo

    Agency: DawasCo

    30 days TZS 3,000,000
    * 18

    Obtain occupancy permit

    Agency: City Council (Ministry of Lands)

    14 days no charge

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Building quality control index (0-15) 11.5
    Quality of building regulations index (0-2) 1.5
    How accessible are building laws and regulations in your economy? (0-1) Free of charge; Not easily accessible. 0.5
    Which requirements for obtaining a building permit are clearly specified in the building regulations or on any accessible website, brochure or pamphlet? (0-1) List of required documents; Fees to be paid; Required preapprovals. 1.0
    Quality control before construction index (0-1) 1.0
    Which third-party entities are required by law to verify that the building plans are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-1) Licensed engineer. 1.0
    Quality control during construction index (0-3) 2.0
    What types of inspections (if any) are required by law to be carried out during construction? (0-2) Inspections by in-house engineer; Inspections at various phases; No inspections are legally required during construction. 1.0
    Do legally mandated inspections occur in practice during construction? (0-1) Mandatory inspections are always done in practice; Inspections are not mandated by law but commonly occur in practice during construction. 1.0
    Quality control after construction index (0-3) 3.0
    Is there a final inspection required by law to verify that the building was built in accordance with the approved plans and regulations? (0-2) Yes, final inspection is done by government agency; Yes, in-house engineer submits report for final inspection; Final inspection is not required by law. 2.0
    Do legally mandated final inspections occur in practice? (0-1) Final inspection always occurs in practice. 1.0
    Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2) 0.0
    Which parties (if any) are held liable by law for structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability or Decennial Liability)? (0-1)  No party is held liable under the law. 0.0
    Which parties (if any) are required by law to obtain an insurance policy to cover possible structural flaws or problems in the building once it is in use (Latent Defect Liability Insurance or Decennial Insurance)? (0-1) No party is required by law to obtain insurance . 0.0
    Professional certifications index (0-4) 4.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional responsible for verifying that the architectural plans or drawings are in compliance with existing building regulations? (0-2) Minimum number of years of experience; University degree in architecture or engineering; Being a registered architect or engineer; Passing a certification exam. 2.0
    What are the qualification requirements for the professional who supervises the construction on the ground? (0-2) Minimum number of years of experience; University degree in engineering, construction or construction management; Being a registered architect or engineer; Passing a certification exam. 2.0