Tunisia

Starting a Business in

Tunisia

Below is a detailed summary of the bureaucratic and legal hurdles faced by entrepreneurs wishing to incorporate and register a new firm in Tunisia. It examines the procedures, time and cost involved in launching a commercial or industrial firm with up to 50 employees and start-up capital of 10 times the economy's per-capita gross national income.

This information was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 189 economies. The most recent round of data collection was completed in June 2014.

Compare Tunisia to 188 other economies.

  • Standardized Company

  • Legal form: Société à Responsabilité Limitée (SARL) - Limited Liability Company
  • Paid in minimum capital requirement: TND 0
  • City: Tunis
No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Deposit capital in a bank opened in the name of the company to be incorporated
Agency: Bank

The company's capital must be deposited in a bank account.
1 day no charge
2 Register the Articles of Association with the tax administration in Guichet Unique (API) desk and obtain a certificate attesting that a declaration has been filed
Agency: Industry Promotion (API)

Eight original copies of the articles of association are deposited with the tax administration, two original copies are kept by the tax administration, and six registered copies are delivered to the company for various formalities. Of these, three of the registered copies are required for formalities: two registered copies of the articles should be deposited with the court officer (greffe du tribunal), and one registered copy should be filed with the Tax Control Desk. If the company is eligible for the incentives of the Investment Incentives Code and is an export company (less than 30% of turnover is generated in the local market), the registration is filed with fiscal revenue service at the one-stop shop (Guichet Unique, API) desk, free of charge.
1 day TND 150
3 File declaration of existence with the Tax Control Desk (Contrôle des Impôts) and obtain carte d’identification fiscale
Agency: Tax Control Desk (API)

The following documents are filed with the declaration of existence:
- A printed signature form.
- A registered copy of the articles of association.
- A copy of the minutes of the nomination of the managers the managers are not designated by the articles.
- A copy of the managers’ national identity cards (a copy of the passport for foreigners).
- A copy of the rent agreement or the certificate of ownership of the premises where the head office is located.
- Any administrative authorization that would be required to start business.
1 day no charge
4 Deposit documents at the Greffe du Tribunal
Agency: Court Clerk's (API)

The following documents are filed with the Greffe du Tribunal:
- Printed forms (provided by the office) for the depositors to complete and sign (two copies).
- The registered statutes (two copies).
- The minutes that nominate the managers, if not designated by the articles of association.
- Arabic translation of the main clauses of the articles (not always required)
- The declaration of commencement of business with the tax administration and the tax identification card (two copies).
- Document providing the headquarters address (two copies).
- National identity card (or passport for foreigners) of the company manager(s) (two copies).
- Fiscal stamp (denomination TND 15).
- National identity card and professional identity card of the auditor (Commissaire aux comptes) - (two copies).
- Two copies of the APII declaration
- Two copies of the bank receipt
1 day TND 15
5 Advertise in the Official Gazette (JORT) with the Government Printing Office
Agency: Official Gazette counter (API)

The company incorporation must be announced in the Official Gazette and in two daily newspapers, one preferably in Arabic. Upon visiting the counter of the Official Gazette and that of a daily newspaper (many publish in both Arabic and French), the founders, or any duly authorized person, must file the following documents:
- Texts of the opinion to publish in Arabic and in French (typed).
- A copy of the announcer’s national identity card. References attesting the deposit of an investment project declaration.
This procedure does not hinder the subsequent procedures.
7 days TND 100
* 6 Register with the Registre du Commerce at the Greffe du Tribunal
Agency: Court Clerk's office (API)

To obtain the excerpt of the court’s company record, promoters must file the receipt of payment for the notice in the Official Gazette.
1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) TND 5 per excerpt, 3 excerpts are needed
* 7 Register for social security
Agency: National Social Security Fund

The company must register with the National Social Security Fund.
1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) TND 5
* 8 Get inspected by the National Social Security Fund (CNSS)
Agency: CNSS

By law, the National Social Security Fund agents are entitled to visit the company premises at any time to check whether the company is complying with the laws and regulations.
1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge
* 9 File a declaration with the labor inspectorate
Agency: Labor inspectorate office

Company founders must file (to be sent by registered mail) with the labor inspectorate three dated and signed copies of the declaration, which specifies:
- The company name, business purpose, and headquarters addresses.
- The company manager’s name, age, nationality, and address.
- The social security affiliation number.
- The number of permanent seasonal positions at the time of the declaration, and the name, age, nationality, and professional skills of the employees.
- The number, date of issuance, and validity of the residence card for foreign workers.
1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge
* 10 Make company seal
Agency: Sealmaker

This can be done at a private seal-provider
1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) TND 10
* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.

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