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Ease of Doing Business in

Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan Download Profile (1809.3KB, pdf)
Region Europe & Central Asia
Income Category Lower middle income
Population 31,299,500
GNI Per Capita (US$) 2,150
City covered Tashkent

190

1

DB 2017 Rank

1

100

DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 87 82 down
5
63.03 62.68 down
0.35
Starting a Business 25 23 down
2
93.93 93.91 up
0.02
Dealing with Construction Permits 147 147
-
59.79 59.58 up
0.21
Getting Electricity 83 78 down
5
71.81 71.32 up
0.49
Registering Property 75 81 up
6
66.23 65.25 up
0.98
Getting Credit 44 42 down
2
65.00 65.00
-
Protecting Minority Investors 70 78 up
8
56.67 55.00 up
1.67
Paying Taxes 138 139 up
1
59.06 57.96 up
1.10
Trading across Borders 165 166 up
1
44.31 44.31
-
Enforcing Contracts 38 37 down
1
67.26 67.26
-
Resolving Insolvency 77 72 down
5
46.29 47.24 down
0.95

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

DB 2017 Rank:

75

DB 2016 Rank:

81

Change in Rank:

up6

DB 2017 DTF (% points):

66.23

DB 2016 DTF (% points):

65.25

Change in DTF (% points):

up0.98

STANDARD PROPERTY TRANSFER
Property value UZS 278,637,210
City Tashkent
Indicator Uzbekistan Europe & Central Asia OECD high income
Procedures (number) info_outline 9 5.3 4.7
Time (days) info_outline 46 20.6 22.4
Cost (% of property value) info_outline 1.3 2.5 4.2
Quality of the land administration index (0-30) info_outline 18.5 19.8 22.7
  • Measure of efficiency
    No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
    1

    Obtain the evaluation of the market value for the property

    Agency: Private evaluator

    Private evaluator will visit the land ad immovable property, take measurements, etc. Usually, the visit is performed without presence of a client (seller).

    10 days

    1 to 2 million UZS
    2

    Request and obtain Cadastral Certificate

    Agency: Cadastral Service Office

    The seller has to obtain the Cadastral Certificate. The certificate contains technical parameters of premises (when built, height, deterioration level, blueprint, etc.) as well as cadastral value (taxable value), which is used for property tax calculation purposes.

    10 days (simultaneous with procedures 3, 4, 5 and 6)

    no cost
    * 3

    Inspection of a property to determine its status

    Agency: Cadastral Service Office

    Pursuant to the Decree No.1 as of Jan 7, 2014 the state official will have to conduct the onsite inspection of the land and building. The inspection is performed to establish cadastral value of the property and to evaluate all possible changes in technical parameters, record new construction and reconstruction etc.

    Pursuant to the Order No. 186 from July 10, 2014 the fee for an inspection of the property by experts from the State Committee on Land Resources, Geodesy, Cartography and State Cadastre is set as follow:
    1. Property with total size up to 100 sqr. m - 1 MMW (monthly minimum wage)
    2. Property with total size from 100 sqr. m to 1000 sqr. m - 1% from MMW per squear meter of the property size
    3. Property with total size from 1000 sqr. m to 5000 sqr. m - 15 from MMW
    4. Property with total size from 5000 sqr. m to 15000 sqr. m - 30 from MMW
    5. Property with total size from 15000 sqr. m to 50000 sqr. m - 50 from MMW
    6. Property with total size more than 50000 sqr. m - 70 MMW

    1 day (simultaneous with procedures 2, 4, 5, and 6)

    1% of the minimum monthly wage per square meter of building area

    * 4

    Seller obtains the certificate stating that there are no outstanding payments due to the water and sewage service provider

    Agency: Water service provider

    Parties have to submit to the notary the certificates stating that there are no outstanding payments due to the trash collection service use from trash collection service provider. Parties have to request these certificates specifically for the property transaction to demonstrate that there are no outstanding fees that have to be paid before transfer of property takes place.

    1 day (simultaneous with procedures 2, 3, 5, and 6)
    no cost
    * 5

    Seller obtains the certificate stating that there are no outstanding electricity bills

    Agency: Electricity service provider

    Parties have to submit to the notary the certificates stating that there are no outstanding payments due to the electricity service use from electricity service provider. Parties have to request these certificates specifically for the property transaction to demonstrate that there are no outstanding fees that have to be paid before transfer of property takes place.

    1 day (simultaneous with procedures 2, 3, 4, and 6)

    no cost
    * 6

    Seller obtains the certificate stating that there are no outstanding trash collection bills

    Agency: Trash collection service provider

    Parties have to submit to the notary the certificates stating that there are no outstanding payments due to the trash collection service use from trash collection service provider. Parties have to request these certificates specifically for the property transaction to demonstrate that there are no outstanding fees that have to be paid before transfer of property takes place.

    1 day (simultaneous with procedures 2, 3, 4, and 5)

    no cost
    7

    Notarize the sale agreement between the seller and buyer

    Agency: Public Notaries

    According to Article 480 of the Civil Code of Uzbekistan a contract for sale of an immovable shall be concluded in a written form by formation of one document signed by the parties. Accordingly, the obligation to notarize the sale of a real estate between legal persons is not required by law.

    However, upon agreement of the parties, the contract can be notarized. In accordance with paragraph 51 of Instructions on notarial acts of notaries, in case of notarization of the sale contract of a real estate such transactions shall be certified in a notary's office located at the place where the location of the real state is.
    For certification of transactions on alienation of a real estate owned by legal entities, notary requires the following documents:
    • Proof of ownership of the property (cadastral certificate);
    • Certificate of state registration of the legal entity;
    • Certificate on the net book value of the property, signed by the director and the chief accountant of the legal entity;
    • Certificate of net assets of the legal entity;
    • Power of attorney for a representative of the legal entity, issued in the prescribed manner (if there is no an employment contract between the representative and the legal entity, a power of attorney shall be issued by a notary);
    • Act of acceptance of the property;
    • Document verifying the payment between the parties (the receipt, payment order)*;

    *In case if the sale contract is notarized, a written basis for the settlement between the parties, namely the conclusion of the preliminary agreement between the parties on the basis of which the payment for the transferred property was made, will be needed in order to provide the notary with a document confirming settlement between the parties.

    1 day 1% of the minimum monthly wage per square meter of building area + fees charged by notaries for consultations and drafting sale-purchase agreement
    8

    Buyer applies for the registration at the Registration Office

    Agency: Registration Office - Department of Land Resources and State Cadastre - City of Tashkent

    According to Article 481 of Civil Code of Uzbekistan, the transfer of the property rights on immovable property from the seller to the buyer is subject to the state registration. In case of registration of a building or structure in a land register and in a register book, the case of change of the owner of person having proprietary rights to that object, and also in case of change of the legal position of the object, a new certificate of state registration of a building structure will be issued with the obligatory withdrawal and cancellation of the old certificate. Pursuant to the Resolution of the President of Uzbekistan No.PP-2412 dated 28 September 2015 the document confirming the title to the property rights shall be submitted with the registration department of city/district municipality (khokimiyat), further the property rights will be registered by the State Committee on Land Resources, Geodesy, Cartography and State Cadaster.

    22 calendar days No cost

    9

    Buyer submits the cadastral package to the local tax authorities

    Agency: Local Tax Authorities

    The buyer submits a copy of Cadastral package to the local tax authority in order to update the land and property taxation records to the new owner's name.

    In addition, according to the Tax Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan, authorities involved with the registration of the title must report information on new owners to the tax authorities within 10 days after registration of the title has taken place.

    3 days no cost

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.

  • Measure of quality
    Answer Score
    Quality of the land administration index (0-30) 18.5
    Reliability of infrastructure index (0-8) 5.0
    What is the institution in charge of immovable property registration? Tashkent city Department of Land Resources and State Cadastre
    In what format are the majority of title or deed records kept in the largest business city—in a paper format or in a computerized format (scanned or fully digital)? Computer/Scanned 1.0
    Is there an electronic database for checking for encumbrances (liens, mortgages, restrictions and the like)? Yes 1.0
    In what format are the majority of maps of land plots kept in the largest business city—in a paper format or in a computerized format (scanned or fully digital)? Computer/Scanned 1.0
    Is there an electronic database for recording boundaries, checking plans and providing cadastral information (geographic information system)? No 0.0
    Is the information recorded by the immovable property registration agency and the cadastral or mapping agency kept in a single database, in different but linked databases or in separate databases? Single database 1.0
    Do the immovable property registration agency and cadastral or mapping agency use the same identification number for properties? Yes 1.0
    Transparency of information index (0–6) 2.5
    Who is able to obtain information on land ownership at the agency in charge of immovable property registration in the largest business city? Only intermediaries and interested parties 0.0
    Is the list of documents that are required to complete any type of property transaction made publicly available–and if so, how? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://www.kadastr.uz/ru/individual/services/perechen-dokumentov-dlya-regis...
    Is the applicable fee schedule for any property transaction at the agency in charge of immovable property registration in the largest business city made publicly available–and if so, how? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://www.kadastr.uz/ru/individual/services/stoimost-uslug/2931/
    Does the agency in charge of immovable property registration commit to delivering a legally binding document that proves property ownership within a specific time frame–and if so, how does it communicate the service standard? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://www.kadastr.uz/ru/individual/services/sroki-okazaniya-uslug/2923/
    Is there a specific and separate mechanism for filing complaints about a problem that occurred at the agency in charge of immovable property registration? No 0.0
    Are there publicly available official statistics tracking the number of transactions at the immovable property registration agency? No 0.0
    Number of property transfers in the largest business city in 2015:
    Who is able to consult maps of land plots in the largest business city? Only intermediaries and interested parties 0.0
    Is the applicable fee schedule for accessing maps of land plots made publicly available—and if so, how? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://www.kadastr.uz/ru/corporate/supplemental-information/land-resources/...
    Does the cadastral or mapping agency commit to delivering an updated map within a specific time frame—and if so, how does it communicate the service standard? Yes, online 0.5
    Link for online access: http://odnookno.uz/ru/e-services/order/?SERVICE_ID=780
    Is there a specific and separate mechanism for filing complaints about a problem that occurred at the cadastral or mapping agency? No 0.0
    Geographic coverage index (0–8) 4.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the economy formally registered at the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the largest business city formally registered at the immovable property registry? Yes 2.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the economy mapped? No 0.0
    Are all privately held land plots in the largest business city mapped? Yes 2.0
    Land dispute resolution index (0–8) 7.0
    Does the law require that all property sale transactions be registered at the immovable property registry to make them opposable to third parties? Yes 1.5
    Is the system of immovable property registration subject to a state or private guarantee? Yes 0.5
    Is there a specific compensation mechanism to cover for losses incurred by parties who engaged in good faith in a property transaction based on erroneous information certified by the immovable property registry? No 0.0
    Does the legal system require a control of legality of the documents necessary for a property transaction (e.g., checking the compliance of contracts with requirements of the law)? Yes 0.5
    If yes, who is responsible for checking the legality of the documents? Registrar; Notary; Lawyer.
    Does the legal system require verification of the identity of the parties to a property transaction? Yes 0.5
    If yes, who is responsible for verifying the identity of the parties? Registrar; Notary.
    Is there a national database to verify the accuracy of identity documents? Yes 1.0
    For a standard land dispute between two local businesses over tenure rights of a property worth 50 times gross national income (GNI) per capita and located in the largest business city, what court would be in charge of the case in the first instance? Arbitration Court or The economic Court of Tashkent city
    How long does it take on average to obtain a decision from the first-instance court for such a case (without appeal)? Less than a year 3.0
    Are there any statistics on the number of land disputes in the first instance? No 0.0
    Number of land disputes in the largest business city in 2015:
    Equal access to property rights index (-2–0) 0.0
    Do unmarried men and unmarried women have equal ownership rights to property? Yes 0.0
    Do married men and married women have equal ownership rights to property? Yes 0.0