Doing Business records the time and cost associated with the logistical process of exporting and importing goods. Doing Business measures the time and cost (excluding tariffs) associated with three sets of proceduresdocumentary compliance, border compliance and domestic transportwithin the overall process of exporting or importing a shipment of goods. The most recent round of data collection for the project was completed in May 2018. See the methodology for more information.  Given the importance of education and communication for trade professionals, in Doing Business 2019 the trading across borders questionnaire included research questions on education requirements, training opportunities and reform communication for customs officials and customs brokers. These data are not used to compute the trading across borders score or ranking.

Other Resources

 Business law library -- Our library includes hundreds of laws, including commercial and company laws.

 Case studies -- Download papers on the challenges of Trading across Borders.

 Rankings -- View Trading across Borders rankings from Doing Business.

 Research papers -- View list of relevant research on Trading across Borders.