Thematic Reports

Doing Business thematic reports provide a detailed look at a topic, such as paying taxes.

The latest thematic reports are listed below.


Road Costs Knowledge System (ROCKS) – Update

The Road Costs Knowledge System (ROCKS) exercise is an empirical study of road-related projects completed by the World Bank Group (WBG) over the last 15 years. This exercise was developed in 2001 with the main objective of comparing the unit costs of different types of road works in different countries. ROCKS was last updated in late 2006.


Improving Access to Finance for SMEs: Opportunities through Credit Reporting, Secured Lending and Insolvency Practices

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) account for over 90% of firms worldwide. Nevertheless, they face greater financing obstacles than larger firms—they enjoy less access to external finance and face higher transactions costs and higher risk premiums. This report focuses on practices aimed at improving SMEs access to finance in three areas—credit reporting, secured lending and insolvency. Each section uses data collected by the Doing Business team to describe how various practices recommended by existing research have been implemented in economies across the world.


Women’s Entrepreneurship: How to Measure the Gap between Female and Male Entrepreneurs?

The paper analyzes data on female and male entrepreneurship that were collected by the World Bank Group's Entrepreneurship Database. Recognizing the importance of a differentiated approach to entrepreneurship in terms of legal entities, the data on female and male business owners are collected at the level of limited liability companies and sole proprietorships. Forty-four of the 143 economies that participated in the Entrepreneurship project provided some sex-disaggregated data for 2016. The paper finds that the gender gap in business ownership remains high in many economies around the world. In the majority of the analyzed economies, less than one-third of new limited liability company owners are women. Although sole proprietorships are more frequently used by female entrepreneurs, only three economies have similar or equal number of women business owners relative to men. The gap in female entrepreneurship is especially apparent in low-income economies, where women are much less likely than men to start a new business.


Paying Taxes 2018

This report, the twelfth in a series from the World Bank Group and PwC, measures tax systems for a domestic company complying with tax laws and regulations in each economy. The case-study company is a small to medium-size manufacturer and retailer, chosen to ensure that its business can be identified with and compared worldwide. The report has historically measured the Total Tax and Contribution, the time needed to comply with the major taxes, and the number of tax payments. Since last year the study also includes a new sub-indicator – the post-filing index that measures the process of claiming a Value-Added Tax refund and going through a corporate income tax audit.


How Innovations in Land Administration Reform Improve on Doing Business

This year Doing Business introduces a new index to measure the quality of the land administration. By expanding its focus on regulatory quality, the Registering Property indicator opens a new area for reforms. The new data on the quality of land administration provides information about good practices for policy makers. The case studies presented in this report span the globe— covering Lithuania, the Republic of Korea, Rwanda and the United Kingdom—and provide lessons on what it takes to succeed in the area of land administration.


Sweden’s Business Climate: Opportunities for Entrepreneurs through Improved Regulations

Sweden’s overall regulatory business environment is among the most business friendly as measured by World Bank Group’s Doing Business, Foreign Direct Investment Regulations, and Women, Business and the Law.