Trading Across Borders in Central America and the Dominican Republic 2015

This topic looks at the procedural requirements for exporting and importing a standardized cargo of goods. Documents associated with every official procedure are counted—from the contractual agreement between the 2 parties to the delivery of goods—along with the time necessary for completion.

The information appearing on this page was collected as part of the Doing Business subnational project in Central America and the Dominican Republic 2015, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small to medium-sized domestic business in cities and regions.

Click on city name to see details:
Puerto Limón (Costa Rica) | Puerto de Acajutla (El Salvador) | Puerto Santo Tomás de Castilla (Guatemala) | Puerto Quetzal (Guatemala) | Puerto Castilla (Honduras) | Puerto Cortés (Honduras) | Puerto Corinto (Nicaragua) | Puerto Caucedo (República Dominicana) | Puerto Plata (República Dominicana) | Puerto Manzanillo (Panamá)

Puerto Limón (Costa Rica)

Nature of Export ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation7245
Customs clearance and technical control2105
Ports and terminal handling3220
Inland transportation and handling2450
Total141,020

Nature of Import ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation7215
Customs clearance and technical control2155
Ports and terminal handling3250
Inland transportation and handling2450
Total141,070

Export documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs export declaration
Technical standard certificate
Terminal handling receipts

Import documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs import declaration
Packing list
Terminal handling receipts

 

Puerto de Acajutla (El Salvador)

Nature of Export ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation4380
Customs clearance and technical control3120
Ports and terminal handling3145
Inland transportation and handling3400
Total131,045

Nature of Import ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation3370
Customs clearance and technical control2120
Ports and terminal handling3145
Inland transportation and handling2400
Total101,035

Export documents
Bill of lading
Cargo release order
Commercial Invoice
Customs export declaration
Packing list
Technical standard/health certificate
Terminal handling receipts

Import documents
Bill of lading
Cargo release order
Commercial invoice
Customs import declaration
Packing list
Technical standard/health certificate
Terminal handling receipts

 

Puerto Santo Tomás de Castilla (Guatemala)

Nature of Export ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation10225
Customs clearance and technical control2175
Ports and terminal handling2205
Inland transportation and handling3750
Total171,355

Nature of Import ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation9290
Customs clearance and technical control2200
Ports and terminal handling3205
Inland transportation and handling2750
Total161,445

Export documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs export declaration
Export license
Inspection report
Packing list
Technical standard/health certificate
Terminal handling receipts

Import documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs import declaration
Packing list
Technical standard/health certificate
Terminal handling receipts

 

Puerto Quetzal (Guatemala)

Nature of Export ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation10225
Customs clearance and technical control2175
Ports and terminal handling2177
Inland transportation and handling2400
Total16977

Nature of Import ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation9290
Customs clearance and technical control3230
Ports and terminal handling3195
Inland transportation and handling1400
Total161,115

Export documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs export declaration
Export license
Inspection report
Packing list
Technical standard/health certificate
Terminal handling receipts

Import documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs import declaration
Packing list
Technical standard/health certificate
Terminal handling receipts

 

Puerto Castilla (Honduras)

Nature of Export ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation8260
Customs clearance and technical control2150
Ports and terminal handling198
Inland transportation and handling21800
Total132,308

Nature of Import ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation8255
Customs clearance and technical control3200
Ports and terminal handling1104
Inland transportation and handling31800
Total152,359

Export documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs export declaration
Foreign exchange authorization
Packing list

Import documents
Bill of lading
Cargo release order
Commercial invoice
Customs import declaration
Packing list
Terminal handling receipts

 

Puerto Cortés (Honduras)

Nature of Export ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation8260
Customs clearance and technical control2155
Ports and terminal handling1135
Inland transportation and handling1900
Total121,450

Nature of Import ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation8255
Customs clearance and technical control4215
Ports and terminal handling2260
Inland transportation and handling2900
Total161,630

Export documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs export declaration
Foreign exchange authorization
Packing list

Import documents
Bill of lading
Cargo release order
Commercial invoice
Customs import declaration
Packing list
Terminal handling receipts

 

Puerto Corinto (Nicaragua)

Nature of Export ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation10310
Customs clearance and technical control3110
Ports and terminal handling3120
Inland transportation and handling5600
Total211,140

Nature of Import ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation11325
Customs clearance and technical control4200
Ports and terminal handling3120
Inland transportation and handling2600
Total201,245

Export documents
Bill of lading
Certificate of origin
Commercial invoice
Customs export declaration
Quality certificate

Import documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs import declaration
Fiscal solvency
Packing list

 

Puerto Caucedo (República Dominicana)

Nature of Export ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation3215
Customs clearance and technical control2200
Ports and terminal handling1325
Inland transportation and handling2300
Total81,040

Nature of Import ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation5235
Customs clearance and technical control2200
Ports and terminal handling2410
Inland transportation and handling1300
Total101,145

Export documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs export declaration
Pre-shipment inspection clean report of findings

Import documents
Bill of lading
Cargo release order
Commercial invoice
Customs import declaration
Terminal handling receipts

 

Puerto Plata (República Dominicana)

Nature of Export ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation3215
Customs clearance and technical control2212
Ports and terminal handling1311
Inland transportation and handling2375
Total81,113

Nature of Import ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation5235
Customs clearance and technical control3212
Ports and terminal handling2318
Inland transportation and handling1375
Total111,140

Export documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs export declaration
Pre-shipment inspection clean report of findings

Import documents
Bill of lading
Cargo release order
Commercial invoice
Customs import declaration
Terminal handling receipts

 

Puerto Manzanillo (Panamá)

Nature of Export ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation5160
Customs clearance and technical control150
Ports and terminal handling165
Inland transportation and handling3390
Total10665

Nature of Import ProceduresDuration (days)Cost (US$)
Documents preparation6150
Customs clearance and technical control1225
Ports and terminal handling1265
Inland transportation and handling1390
Total91,030

Export documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs export declaration

Import documents
Bill of lading
Commercial invoice
Customs import declaration