Trading Across Borders in South Africa

This topic measures the time and cost (excluding tariffs) associated with the logistical process of exporting and importing goods. It assesses three sets of procedures –documentary compliance, border compliance and domestic transport—within the overall process of exporting or importing a shipment of goods.

The information appearing on this page was collected as part of the Doing Business subnational project in South Africa, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small to medium-sized domestic business in cities and regions.

Click on the port name to see details:
Port of Cape Town | Port of Durban | Port of Ngqura | Port of Port Elizabeth

 

PORT OF CAPE TOWN

INDICATOR  SNAPSHOT

Distance to frontier score (0-100) 62.47
Time to export  
Documentary compliance (hours) 96
Border compliance (hours) 118
Cost to export  
Documentary compliance (US$) 73
Border compliance (US$) 503
Time to import   
Documentary compliance (hours) 36
Border compliance (hours) 66
Cost to import  
Documentary compliance (US$) 73
Border compliance (US$) 676

PORT DETAILS

Characteristics Export  Import
Product HS 08: Edible fruit and nuts;peel of citrus fruit or melons HS 8708: Parts and accessories of motor vehicles
Trade partner Netherlands Germany
Border Port of Cape Town  Port of Cape Town 
Distance (km) 1,398 1,398
Domestic transport time (hours) 60 60
Domestic transport cost (USD) 1,882 1,882

COMPONENTS OF BORDER COMPLIANCE

Export Time to Complete (hours) Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities 4 141
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs 30 52
Port or border handling 84 310
Import Time to Complete (hours) Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities 6 258
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs 0 0
Port or border handling 60 418

TRADE DOCUMENTS

Export  Import
Bill of lading Bill of lading
Cargo Dues Order Cargo Dues Order
EUR 1 - Certificate of origin EUR 1 - Certificate of origin
Commercial invoice Commercial invoice
Customs Export Declaration (SAD 500) Customs import declaration (SAD 500)
Export certificate Packing list
Phytosanitary certificate SOLAS certificate
Packing list  
SOLAS certificate  


PORT OF DURBAN

INDICATOR  SNAPSHOT

Distance to frontier score (0-100) 59.64
Time to export  
Documentary compliance (hours) 68
Border compliance (hours) 92
Cost to export  
Documentary compliance (US$) 55
Border compliance (US$) 1,257
Time to import   
Documentary compliance (hours) 36
Border compliance (hours) 87
Cost to import  
Documentary compliance (US$) 73
Border compliance (US$) 676

PORT DETAILS

Characteristics Export  Import
Product HS 87: Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling-stock, and parts and accessories thereof  HS 8708: Parts and accessories of motor vehicles
Trade partner United States Germany
Border Port of Durban  Port of Durban 
Distance (km) 570 570
Domestic transport time (hours) 16 16
Domestic transport cost (USD) 1,100 1,100

COMPONENTS OF BORDER COMPLIANCE

Export Time to Complete (hours) Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities 4 200
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs 0 0
Port or border handling 88 1,057
Import Time to Complete (hours) Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities 6 258
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs 0 0
Port or border handling 81 418

TRADE DOCUMENTS

Export  Import
Bill of lading Bill of lading
Cargo Dues Order Cargo Dues Order
AGOA Certificate of origin EUR 1 - Certificate of origin
Commercial invoice Commercial invoice
Customs Export Declaration (SAD 500) Customs import declaration (SAD 500)
Landing order Packing list
Packing list SOLAS certificate
SOLAS certificate  


PORT OF NGQURA

INDICATOR  SNAPSHOT

Distance to frontier score (0-100) 68.93
Time to export  
Documentary compliance (hours) 68
Border compliance (hours) 84
Cost to export  
Documentary compliance (US$) 55
Border compliance (US$) 451
Time to import   
Documentary compliance (hours) 36
Border compliance (hours) 54
Cost to import  
Documentary compliance (US$) 73
Border compliance (US$) 676

PORT DETAILS

Characteristics Export  Import
Product HS 84: Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances;parts thereof HS 8708: Parts and accessories of motor vehicles
Trade partner United States Germany
Border Port of Ngqura Port of Ngqura
Distance (km) 1,043 1,043
Domestic transport time (hours) 24 24
Domestic transport cost (USD) 1,350 1,350

COMPONENTS OF BORDER COMPLIANCE

Export Time to Complete (hours) Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities 4 200
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs 0 0
Port or border handling 80 251
Import Time to Complete (hours) Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities 6 258
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs 0 0
Port or border handling 48 418

TRADE DOCUMENTS

Export  Import
Bill of lading Bill of lading
Cargo Dues Order Cargo Dues Order
Certificate of origin EUR 1 - Certificate of origin
Commercial invoice Commercial invoice
Customs Export Declaration (SAD 500) Customs import declaration (SAD 500)
Packing list Packing list
SOLAS certificate SOLAS certificate
   
   


PORT OF PORT ELIZABETH

INDICATOR SNAPSHOT

Distance to frontier score (0-100) 69.25
Time to export  
Documentary compliance (hours) 68
Border compliance (hours) 80
Cost to export  
Documentary compliance (US$) 55
Border compliance (US$) 451
Time to import   
Documentary compliance (hours) 36
Border compliance (hours) 54
Cost to import  
Documentary compliance (US$) 73
Border compliance (US$) 676

PORT DETAILS

Characteristics Export Import
Product HS 84: Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances;parts thereof HS 8708: Parts and accessories of motor vehicles
Trade partner Germany Germany
Border Port of Port Elizabeth Port of Port Elizabeth
Distance (km) 1,061 1,061
Domestic transport time (hours) 24 24
Domestic transport cost (USD) 1,350 1,350

COMPONENTS OF BORDER COMPLIANCE

Export Time to Complete (hours) Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities 4 200
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs 0 0
Port or border handling 76 251
Import Time to Complete (hours) Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities 6 258
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs 0 0
Port or border handling 48 418

TRADE DOCUMENTS

Export Import
Bill of lading Bill of lading
Cargo Dues Order Cargo Dues Order
EUR 1 - Certificate of origin EUR 1 - Certificate of origin
Commercial invoice Commercial invoice
Customs Export Declaration (SAD 500) Customs import declaration (SAD 500)
Packing list Packing list
SOLAS certificate SOLAS certificate