= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business. = Doing Business reform making it more difficult to do business.
Bahrain made registering property more burdensome by increasing the fees at the Survey and Land Registration Bureau.
Bahrain made it easier to trade by building a modern new port, improving the electronic data interchange system and introducing risk-based inspections.
Bahrain made obtaining construction permits easier by further consolidating preliminary approvals for building permits in the one-stop shop and reducing the time to obtain a building permit.
Djibouti made dealing with construction permits costlier by increasing the fees for inspections and the building permit and adding a new inspection in the preconstruction phase.
Djibouti made trading across borders faster by developing a new container terminal.
Djibouti eased the burden of paying taxes on businesses by introducing VAT of 7% on the supply of goods and services to replace the consumption tax.
Port administration improvements and abolishing of documents decreased export and import documentation, as well as import time.
Djibouti eased trading across borders by implementing an e-manifest system.
Property registration was sped up by improving efficiency at the Service des Domaines.
In Iraq starting a business became more expensive because of an increase in the cost to obtain a name reservation certificate and in the cost for lawyers to draft articles of association.
Lebanon made getting electricity less costly by reducing the application fees and security deposit for a new connection.
Lebanon increased the cost of starting a business.
Lebanon improved its credit information system by allowing banks online access to the public credit registry’s reports.
Lebanon has made it easier to pay taxes by removing the requirement to obtain permission to use accelerated depreciation, and by introducing electronic payment.
Lebanon simplified business start up process through the simplification of the formalities to stamp company books.
Streamlining of the business registration process resulted in a tremendous time reduction.
Tunisia introduced the use of electronic systems for payment of corporate income tax and value added tax.
Tunisia upgraded its electronic data interchange system for imports and exports, speeding up the assembly of import documents.
Tunisia has increased the tax cost of employment by raising social security contributions.
Through the expansion of the TradeNet electronic single window, Tunisian traders can quickly file all documents required to clear their cargo online. While this has decreased the delays of processing by 2 days, the requirement to still physically provide original documents obstruct on the greater impact the technological innovation could have.
Tunisia amended the Code des Sociétés Commerciales that strengthened investor protections by requiring greater corporate disclosure.
Paid-in minimum capital was abolished.
After a legal reform, Tunisia now collects and distributes more detailed information from banks, including positive information (like loan amounts) and negative information (like arrears and defaults). Also, it is now guaranteed by law that individuals and firms can consult their credit data in all Central Bank offices.
Tunisia required freight arriving at the port to be accompanied by a unit of the customs authority and thereby increased the time to import.
Tunisia strengthened investor protections by allowing minority investors to request in court the rescission of prejudicial related-party transactions.
On March 15, 2008, the Ministry of Finance introduced the option for téléliquidation which enables online declaration of taxes accompanied by physical payments at the tax bureaus.
Tunisia made paying taxes less costly for companies by reducing the corporate income tax rate.
Credit information was enhanced by lowering the minimum loan requirement at its public registry from 20,000 DT to zero.
Property registry files were computerized, reducing the time needed to register a property.